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Fountain Hills, Arizona
The fountain of Fountain Hills can spew water to a height of up to 560 feet (170 m)
The fountain of Fountain Hills can spew water to a height of up to 560 feet (170 m)
Official seal of Fountain Hills, Arizona
"All That Is Arizona"
Location of Fountain Hills in Maricopa County, Arizona
Location of Fountain Hills in Maricopa County, Arizona
Fountain Hills, Arizona is located in Arizona
Fountain Hills, Arizona
Fountain Hills, Arizona
Location in Arizona
Fountain Hills, Arizona is located in the United States
Fountain Hills, Arizona
Fountain Hills, Arizona
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  Arizona
County Maricopa
Incorporated 1989
 • Total 20.37 sq mi (52.76 km2)
 • Land 20.28 sq mi (52.53 km2)
 • Water 0.09 sq mi (0.22 km2)
1,520-3,000 ft (580–640 m)
 • Total 23,820
 • Density 1,174.38/sq mi (453.43/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST (no DST))
ZIP codes
Area code(s) 480
FIPS code 04-25300
GNIS feature ID 36980
Website Town of Fountain Hills, Arizona

Fountain Hills is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. Known for its impressive fountain, once the tallest in the world, it borders the Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community, and Scottsdale. The population is 23,820 as of the 2020 census. Between the 1990 and 2000 censuses it was the eighth-fastest-growing place among cities and towns in Arizona. The average price for an owner-occupied housing is $402,100.


Fountain Hills was developed by C. V. Wood, president of McCulloch Oil, and was named after the towering man-made fountain in the center of town. It was incorporated in 1989.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 18.2 square miles (47.1 km2), of which 18.1 square miles (46.9 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.55%) is water.

To the east of the town is the Verde River, a tributary to the Salt River. Inside the town there are many washes that run through Fountain Hills into the Verde River. Some of these washes include the Ashbrook, Balboa, Legend, and Colony Washes. During times of rain the washes flood with water and can sometimes block roads with their water.

To the southwest and northwest regions of Fountain Hills are the McDowell Mountains, a chain of extinct volcanic mountains. The highest mountains in the range are East End (4,033 ft (1,229 m)) and Thompson Peak (3,910 ft (1,190 m)).


This area has a large amount of sunshine year round due to its stable descending air and high pressure. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Fountain Hills has a mild desert climate, abbreviated "Bwh" on climate maps.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 2,771
1990 10,030 262.0%
2000 20,235 101.7%
2010 22,489 11.1%
2020 23,820 5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2020, there were 23,820 people in 11,918 households in the town. The population density was 1,113.8 inhabitants per square mile (430.0/km2). There were 13,167 housing units at an average density of 577.5 per square mile (223.0/km2). The ethnic makeup of the town was 94.1% White, 1.0% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race make up 4.1% of the population.

There were 11,918 households, out of which 18.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. Householders living alone make up 25.7% of all households, and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.56.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 14.4% under the age of 18, 85.6% 18 years and over, and 27.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53.9 years. There were 47.8% males and 52.2% females.

According to the 2020 U.S. Decennial Census, the median income for a household in Fountain Hills was $85,200.

The per capita income for the town was $59,791. About 3.3% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture

The Fountain

Fountain Hills Fountain Informative Plaque
Fountain Hills Fountain Informative Plaque

Fountain Hills has the world's fourth tallest fountain. It was built in 1970, by Robert P. McCulloch, the year before the reconstruction of the London Bridge in Lake Havasu City, another of McCulloch's projects. The fountain sprays water for about 15 minutes every hour between 9am and 9pm. The plume rises from a concrete water-lily sculpture in the center of a large man-made lake. The fountain, driven by three 600 horsepower (450 kW) turbine pumps, sprays water at a rate of 7,000 US gallons (26,000 L; 5,800 imp gal) per minute through an 18-inch (460 mm) nozzle. With all three pumps under ideal conditions, the fountain reaches 560 feet (170 m) in height, though in normal operation only two of the pumps are used, with a fountain height of around 300 feet (91 m) feet. When built it was the world's tallest fountain, a record it held for over a decade.

Annual fairs

The town has three annual fairs - a local art fair, the Fountain Hills Great Fair, which incorporates arts and a carnival, and the Thunderbird Artists' Fountain Hills Fine Art & Wine Affaire. Each year the town's fountain is dyed green in celebration of St. Patrick's day. Fountain Hills Theater is an award winning performing arts venue entering its 28th season and offering over 16 productions a year to local communities as well as performing an arts education year round for youth.

Sister cities



Fountain Hills Public Schools are part of the Fountain Hills Unified School District #98. The district has two elementary schools, one middle school and one high school, Fountain Hills High School.

Notable people

  • Joe Arpaio – former Maricopa County Sheriff
  • Kathy Ahern – professional golfer
  • Charles Juels – astronomer
  • David Schweikert – U.S. Congressman

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Fountain Hills para niños

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