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Bussey (Bus-E), Iowa
Location of Bussey, Iowa
Location of Bussey, Iowa
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Marion
Area
 • Total 0.31 sq mi (0.81 km2)
 • Land 0.31 sq mi (0.81 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
850 ft (260 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 387
 • Density 1,244.37/sq mi (480.42/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
50044
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-09730
GNIS feature ID 0455013

Bussey is a city in southeast Marion County, Iowa, United States. The population was 387 at the time of the 2020 census.

Geography

Bussey is located at 41°12′19″N 92°53′7″W / 41.20528°N 92.88528°W / 41.20528; -92.88528 (41.205164, -92.885341).

The local High School is Twin Cedars HS According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.33 square miles (0.85 km2), all of it land.

History

Jesse Bussey, originally from Greene County, Pennsylvania, bought the land for the town of Bussey in 1867. He laid out the town of Bussey on the line of the Albia, Knoxville and Des Moines Railroad in 1875, the same year the line was acquired by the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad. Mr Bussey went into the lumber and grain business there. By 1880, the population was close to 100, with four general merchandise stores and one drug store. The town was incorporated in 1895. There were some problems with the initial incorporation, so a second vote was held in 1899, after which James Bussey was elected as the first mayor.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, there were numerous coal mines in the Bussey area. In the early 1890s, the Powers company had two mine shafts in the area with a private tramway connecting them to the company's tipple along the railroad line. J. A. Powers founded the O.K. Coal Company in bussey, with a mile-long railroad spur to a mine a mile south of town. This mine was the largest producer in Marion County from 1895 to around 1902. Powers reorganized the O.K. company as the Mammoth Vein Coal Company when it moved its primary operations to Everist, a coal camp 3 miles west of Bussey and a mile north of Marysville. The Cricket Coal Company, later the Equality Coal Company, was based in Bussey and had a shaft outside of town, producing 18,000 tons of coal in 1915 from a coal seam that was 4 to 6 feet thick.

United Mine Workers local 69 was organized in Bussey in 1899; in 1902, it had 275 members in 1902, but by 1907, by which time most of the local mining activity had moved to Everist, it had only 8 members. Prior to union organization, the minimum wage was $1.50 per day, but by 1902, this had increased to $2.15 per day. By 1907, wages ranged from $1.90 to $2.70 per day. A second union local, UMW local 2482, had 216 members in Bussey in 1912.

Demographics

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1900 550 —    
1910 669 +21.6%
1920 585 −12.6%
1930 546 −6.7%
1940 632 +15.8%
1950 633 +0.2%
1960 557 −12.0%
1970 498 −10.6%
1980 579 +16.3%
1990 494 −14.7%
2000 450 −8.9%
2010 422 −6.2%
2020 387 −8.3%
Source: and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census
BusseyIowaPopPlot
The population of Bussey, Iowa from US census data

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 422 people, 176 households, and 116 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,278.8 inhabitants per square mile (493.7/km2). There were 209 housing units at an average density of 633.3 per square mile (244.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.3% White, 0.7% Native American, 0.2% Asian, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.

There were 176 households, of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.1% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 40.7 years. 26.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.6% were from 25 to 44; 28.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.

Education

The Twin Cedars Community School District operates local public schools.

Notable people

  • Kenneth Veenstra, Iowa state legislator and businessman, was born in Bussey.
  • Daniel Ghita, Professional Counter-Strike: Global Offensive Player, was born in Bussey.
  • Samuel Martin Williams, Harvard Graduate, was born in Bussey.
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