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Monroe County, Iowa facts for kids

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Monroe County
The courthouse in Albia is on the NRHP
The courthouse in Albia is on the NRHP
Map of Iowa highlighting Monroe County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Iowa
Founded 1843
Seat Albia
Largest city Albia
Area
 • Total 434 sq mi (1,120 km2)
 • Land 434 sq mi (1,120 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (2 km2)  0.1%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 7,577
 • Density 17.459/sq mi (6.741/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 2nd

Monroe County is a county located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Iowa. In the early 20th century, it was a center of bituminous coal mining and in 1910 had a population of more than 25,000. As mining declined, people moved elsewhere for work. In the 2020 census, the population was 7,577. The county seat is Albia. The county, originally called Kishkekosh County after a famous chief of the Meskwaki, was re-named for James Monroe, fifth President of the United States

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 434 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 434 square miles (1,120 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.1%) is water.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,884
1860 8,612 198.6%
1870 12,724 47.7%
1880 13,719 7.8%
1890 13,666 −0.4%
1900 17,985 31.6%
1910 25,429 41.4%
1920 23,467 −7.7%
1930 15,010 −36.0%
1940 14,553 −3.0%
1950 11,814 −18.8%
1960 10,463 −11.4%
1970 9,357 −10.6%
1980 9,209 −1.6%
1990 8,114 −11.9%
2000 8,016 −1.2%
2010 7,970 −0.6%
2020 7,577 −4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2018
MonroeCountyIowaPop22020
Population of Monroe County from US census data

2020 census

The 2020 census recorded a population of 7,577 in the county, with a population density of 17.5217/sq mi (6.7652/km2). 96.86% of the population reported being of one race. 93.81% were non-Hispanic White, 0.25% were Black, 1.54% were Hispanic, 0.17% were Native American, 0.21% were Asian, 0.03% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 3.99% were some other race or more than one race. There were 3,636 housing units, of which 3,116 were occupied.

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 7,970 in the county, with a population density of 18.389/sq mi (7.100/km2). There were 3,884 housing units, of which 3,213 were occupied.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated community

Ghost town

  • Buxton, the largest town with a majority-black population in the early 20th century

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Monroe County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Albia City 3,766
2 Eddyville (mostly in Mahaska and Wapello Counties) City 1,024
3 Moravia (mostly in Appanoose County) City 665
4 Lovilia City 538
5 Melrose City 112
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