Monroe County, Iowa facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
|• Total||434 sq mi (1,120 km2)|
|• Land||434 sq mi (1,120 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (2 km2) 0.1%|
|• Density||17.459/sq mi (6.741/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Monroe County is a county located in the south central part of the U.S. state of Iowa. In the early 20th century, it was a center of bituminous coal mining and in 1910 had a population of more than 25,000. As mining declined, people moved elsewhere for work. In the 2020 census, the population was 7,577. The county seat is Albia. The county, originally called Kishkekosh County after a famous chief of the Meskwaki, was re-named for James Monroe, fifth President of the United States
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 434 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 434 square miles (1,120 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (0.1%) is water.
- U.S. Highway 34
- Iowa Highway 5
- Iowa Highway 137
- Marion County (northwest)
- Mahaska County (northeast)
- Wapello County (east)
- Appanoose County (south)
- Lucas County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census
The 2020 census recorded a population of 7,577 in the county, with a population density of 17.5217/sq mi (6.7652/km2). 96.86% of the population reported being of one race. 93.81% were non-Hispanic White, 0.25% were Black, 1.54% were Hispanic, 0.17% were Native American, 0.21% were Asian, 0.03% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 3.99% were some other race or more than one race. There were 3,636 housing units, of which 3,116 were occupied.
The 2010 census recorded a population of 7,970 in the county, with a population density of 18.389/sq mi (7.100/km2). There were 3,884 housing units, of which 3,213 were occupied.
- Buxton, the largest town with a majority-black population in the early 20th century
The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Monroe County.
† county seat
|Rank||City/Town/etc.||Municipal type||Population (2010 Census)|
|2||Eddyville (mostly in Mahaska and Wapello Counties)||City||1,024|
|3||Moravia (mostly in Appanoose County)||City||665|
Monroe County, Iowa Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.