kids encyclopedia robot

Capital Regional District facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Regional district
Capital Regional District
Official seal of Capital
Making a difference...together
Location in British Columbia
Location in British Columbia
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
Incorporated 1966
Administrative office location Victoria
 • Body Board of Directors
 • Total 2,340.49 km2 (903.67 sq mi)
 • Total 383,360
 • Density 163.8/km2 (424/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
Area code(s) 250 / 778

The Capital Regional District (CRD) is a local government administrative district encompassing the southern tip of Vancouver Island and the southern Gulf Islands in the Canadian province of British Columbia. The CRD is one of several regional districts in British Columbia and had an official population of 383,360 as of the Canada 2016 Census.

The CRD encompasses the thirteen municipalities of Greater Victoria and three unincorporated areas: Juan de Fuca Electoral Area on Vancouver Island, Salt Spring Island Electoral Area, and Southern Gulf Islands Electoral Area. The CRD also acts as the local government for most purposes in the Electoral Areas. CRD headquarters is in the City of Victoria, although there are many office and operational facilities throughout the region. The total land area is 2,341.11 km2 (903.91 sq mi).

The CRD was formed in 1966 as a federation of seven municipalities and five electoral areas to provide coordination of regional issues and local government in rural areas in the Greater Victoria region.

Political divisions

In 2016, the Capital Regional District had a population of 383,360, a 6.5% increase from 359,991 in 2011. The CRD comprises the 13 municipalities of Greater Victoria, three electoral areas and 10 Indigenous reserves. The reserves have a relatively small portion of the population with 5,244 participating in the 2016 census. Some reserves did not participate; those that did are included in the population figures of the municipality or electoral area encompassing them, however the CRD regional government and local governments have no jurisdiction over reserves. Saanich and Victoria together have over 50 percent of the region's population.

Division Census Subdivision type Population (2016) Population (2011) Change (2011-2016)
Saanich District municipality 114,148 109,752 4.0%
Victoria City 85,792 80,017 7.2%
Langford City 35,342 29,228 20.9%
Oak Bay District municipality 18,094 18,015 0.4%
Esquimalt District municipality 17,655 16,209 8.9%
Colwood City 16,859 16,093 4.8%
Central Saanich District municipality 16,814 15,936 5.5%
Sooke District municipality 13,001 11,435 13.7%
Sidney Town 11,672 11,178 4.4%
North Saanich District municipality 11,249 11,089 1.4%
View Royal Town 10,408 9,381 10.9%
Metchosin District municipality 4,708 4,803 -2.0%
Highlands District municipality 2,225 2,120 5.0%
Salt Spring Island Regional district electoral area 10,557 10,234 3.2%
Juan de Fuca Regional district electoral area 4,860 4,466 8.8%
Southern Gulf Islands Regional district electoral area 4,732 4,868 -2.8%
Total Capital Regional District 383,360 359,991 6.5%


Ethnic groups in Capital RD (2016)
Source: [1]
Population  %
Ethnic group European 293,500 78.7%
Aboriginal 22,870 6.1%
Chinese 16,460 4.4%
South Asian 10,280 2.8%
Filipino 6,150 1.6%
Black 3,535 0.9%
Latin American 2,675 0.7%
Japanese 2,635 0.7%
Southeast Asian 2,550 0.7%
Korean 2,110 0.6%
Arab 1,480 0.4%
West Asian 1,095 0.3%
Multiple minorities 1,515 0.4%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 495 0.1%
Total population 383,360 100%

Electoral Areas

Salt Spring Island Electoral Area


The Salt Spring Island Electoral Area of the Capital Regional District (CRD) of the Canadian province of British Columbia consists of unincorporated areas in the CRD located on Salt Spring Island. It is represented by one director on the CRD.

The major localities encompassed by the electoral area are:

  • Ganges
  • Fulford Harbour
  • Vesuvius Bay
  • Long Harbour
  • Beaver Point
  • Musgrave Landing

According to the Canada 2006 Census:

  • Population: 9,640
  • % Change (2001-2006): 3.9
  • Dwellings: 5,131
  • Area (km².): 182.23
  • Density (persons per km².): 52.9

Southern Gulf Islands Electoral Area


Gulf Islands map 2
Southern Gulf Islands (British Columbia) in the Strait of Georgia

The Southern Gulf Islands Electoral Area of the Capital Regional District (CRD) of the Canadian province of British Columbia consists of unincorporated districts in the CRD located on Galiano, Saturna, Mayne, and North and South Pender Islands, as well as many smaller islands located in the Gulf of Georgia north and east of Victoria. It is previously known as the Outer Gulf Islands Electoral Area. Its population of 5,101 is represented by one director on the CRD.

The major localities encompassed by the electoral area are:

Juan de Fuca Electoral Area

(map) The Juan de Fuca Electoral Area is an Electoral Area of the CRD. It consists of the District's unincorporated land on Vancouver Island, including the neighbourhood of Willis Point (Greater Victoria) on the Saanich Inlet, Malahat, on the western shore of Saanich Inlet, and the Western Communities localities of East Sooke, Jordan River, Otter Point, Shirley, Port Renfrew, inclusive of the First Nations reserves of Gordon River 2 and Pacheena 1, which are within its territory. Its population of 4,484 is represented by a single director of the CRD. The total land area is 1,502.24 km² (580.0 sq mi). Population figures do not included residents of Indian Reserves, whether band members or non-indigenous persons.

Administrative role

The board of directors are either directly elected officials or are appointed from within the region's elected municipal councils.

The CRD's responsibilities include recycling, operating the regional landfill, building and operating sewage treatment plants, a sewer source control program, regional water supply, funding for non-profit arts groups, regional planning, funding health facilities, and overseeing thirty regional parks, trails, and regional park reserves encompassing over 100 km². The CRD is the sole shareholder of the Capital Region Housing Corporation, which owns and operates over 1200 rental housing units. In certain areas, the CRD can pass bylaws that are binding on a portion of the geographical area or the entire geographical area. These include a "clean air bylaw" smoking ban in all public places and patios in restaurants/pubs.

The CRD assumes responsibilities ordinarily undertaken by municipalities in unincorporated areas of the CRD. These responsibilities include animal control, building inspection, fire protection, and bylaw enforcement. Some of the region's municipalities avail themselves of some of these services in a contractual arrangement with the CRD.

Capital Regional Hospital District

The CRHD's primary responsibility is to provide the region's share of capital funding for the region's health facilities and equipment. The region's health care delivery is the responsibility of the Vancouver Island Health Authority (VIHA). The CRHD shares the same Board of Directors with the CRD.

kids search engine
Capital Regional District Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.