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Carlton, Kansas facts for kids

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Carlton, Kansas
Location within Dickinson County and Kansas
Location within Dickinson County and Kansas
KDOT map of Dickinson County (legend)
Country United States
State Kansas
County Dickinson
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Total 0.17 sq mi (0.44 km2)
 • Land 0.17 sq mi (0.44 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,316 ft (401 m)
 • Total 40
 • Density 240/sq mi (91/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code 785
FIPS code 20-10675
GNIS ID 476970

Carlton is a city in Dickinson County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 40.


Stouffer's Railroad Map of Kansas 1915-1918 Dickinson County
1915 Railroad Map of Dickinson County

Early history

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1857, Dickinson County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Carlton.

Carlton was a station and shipping point on the Missouri Pacific Railroad.

A post office was opened in Carlton in 1872, and remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1995.


Carlton is located at 38°41′12″N 97°17′38″W / 38.68667°N 97.29389°W / 38.68667; -97.29389 (38.686786, -97.294015). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.17 square miles (0.44 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 121
1930 138
1940 101 −26.8%
1950 76 −24.8%
1960 78 2.6%
1970 40 −48.7%
1980 49 22.5%
1990 39 −20.4%
2000 38 −2.6%
2010 42 10.5%
2020 40 −4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 42 people, 16 households, and 14 families living in the city. The population density was 247.1 inhabitants per square mile (95.4/km2). There were 20 housing units at an average density of 117.6 per square mile (45.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 100.0% White.

There were 16 households, of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 81.3% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.5% were non-families. 12.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the city was 46.5 years. 28.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 0.0% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.1% were from 25 to 44; 26.1% were from 45 to 64; and 26.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 52.4% male and 47.6% female.


The community is served by Chapman USD 473 public school district. The Chapman High School mascot is Chapman Fighting Irish.

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