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Carthage, Tennessee
Smith County Courthouse in Carthage
Smith County Courthouse in Carthage
Location of Carthage in Smith County, Tennessee.
Location of Carthage in Smith County, Tennessee.
Carthage, Tennessee is located in Tennessee
Carthage, Tennessee
Carthage, Tennessee
Location in Tennessee
Carthage, Tennessee is located in the United States
Carthage, Tennessee
Carthage, Tennessee
Location in the United States
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Smith
Settled 1789
Incorporated 1804
Named for Ancient Carthage
 • Total 2.90 sq mi (7.52 km2)
 • Land 2.90 sq mi (7.52 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
515 ft (157 m)
 • Total 2,306
 • Estimate 
 • Density 805.65/sq mi (311.03/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 615
FIPS code 47-11280
GNIS feature ID 1279827

Carthage is a town in and the county seat of Smith County, Tennessee, United States; it is part of the Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 2,306 at the 2010 census. It is located on the Cumberland River, which was important to its early development. It is likely best known as the hometown of former Vice President and Senator Al Gore of the Democratic Party and his father, Senator Albert Gore, Sr. The younger Gore announced his 1988 and 2000 presidential bids, as well as his 1992 vice-presidential bid, from the steps of the Smith County Courthouse.


The earliest known European-American settler in what is now Carthage was William Walton (1760–1816), who arrived in the late 1780s after the United States achieved independence in the American Revolutionary War. Circa 1800, Walton directed the construction of the Walton Road (Cumberland Turnpike), an early stagecoach route connecting the Knoxville area in the east with Middle Tennessee. The road, which was roughly paralleled later by the construction of what is now U.S. 70, was influential to the development and early settlement of the Cumberland region. Walton operated a ferry across the Cumberland River and a tavern nearby along the road, around which a small community developed. In 1804, Walton's community was chosen as the county seat of the newly formed Smith County after a heated election, and the town of Carthage was laid out shortly thereafter.

Carthage's location at the confluence of the Caney Fork and Cumberland rivers made it an important shipping and steamboat port throughout the first half of the 19th century. The area was developed for tobacco and hemp crops, as well as blooded livestock. Goods were shipped downstream to Nashville. During the Civil War, Carthage became an important post in the Eastern Highland Rim area of Tennessee. Carthage was selected as part of the route Confederate General Braxton Bragg marched the Army of Mississippi through on his Confederate Heartland Offensive into Kentucky. Later on March 6, 1863, Union Brigadier General George Crook established a Union outpost in Carthage to serve as a base for his effort to clear out the considerable Confederate guerrilla insurgency from east Tennessee through middle Tennessee.

Carthage's prominence as a river port on the Cumberland River was superseded after the railroads replaced river traffic in the later 19th century. The area's industrial focus shifted to South Carthage and Gordonsville.


Carthage is located at 36°15′18″N 85°56′57″W / 36.25500°N 85.94917°W / 36.25500; -85.94917 (36.254960, -85.949211). The town is situated amid a series of low hills at the confluence of the Caney Fork with the Cumberland River, and just southwest of the latter's Cordell Hull Lake impoundment. South Carthage is located along the opposite bank of the Cumberland to the south.

U.S. Route 70 passes east-to-west through South Carthage, connecting the area with Nashville to the west and Cookeville to the east. State Route 53 connects U.S. 70 with Gordonsville and Interstate 40 to the south. State Route 25 connects Carthage with Trousdale County and north-central Tennessee to the northwest, and State Route 80 connects the town with Macon County to the north.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 477
1880 327 −31.4%
1890 478 46.2%
1910 904
1920 920 1.8%
1930 1,068 16.1%
1940 1,512 41.6%
1950 1,604 6.1%
1960 2,021 26.0%
1970 2,491 23.3%
1980 2,672 7.3%
1990 2,386 −10.7%
2000 2,251 −5.7%
2010 2,306 2.4%
2019 (est.) 2,338 1.4%

2020 census

Carthage racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 1,984 86.6%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 105 4.58%
Native American 5 0.22%
Asian 26 1.13%
Other/Mixed 83 3.62%
Hispanic or Latino 88 3.84%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 2,291 people, 947 households, and 528 families residing in the town.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Carthage has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.


Carthage and other surrounding areas in Smith County are served by Smith County Schools and the Smith County Board of Education. They include:

  • Carthage Elementary
  • Defeated Elementary
  • New Middleton Elementary
  • Union Heights Elementary
  • Forks River Elementary
  • Smith County Middle School [1]
  • Gordonsville High School
  • Smith County High School
  • Smith County Adult Education
  • Smith County HeadStart

Notable residents

  • William Cullom - Congressman
  • Albert Gore, Sr. – U.S. Senator
  • Albert Gore, Jr. – U.S. Senator and Vice President
  • Simon Pollard Hughes, Jr. – Governor of Arkansas, 1885–1889
  • Cordell Hull – U.S. Secretary of State; practiced law in Carthage
  • Brandon Maggart – actor
  • George McCorkle – founding member of the Marshall Tucker Band
  • Benton McMillin – Governor of Tennessee, 1899–1903
  • Sharon Wyatt – actress (General Hospital, Passions)
  • Keith Habersberger — internet personality, part of YouTube group The Try Guys

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Carthage (Tennessee) para niños

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James B. Knighten
Azellia White
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