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Trousdale County, Tennessee facts for kids

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Trousdale County
Hartsville-Trousdale County
Trousdale County Courthouse in Hartsville
Trousdale County Courthouse in Hartsville
Map of Tennessee highlighting Trousdale County
Location within the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Tennessee
Founded September 5, 1870
Named for William Trousdale
Seat Hartsville
Largest town Hartsville
 • Total 117 sq mi (300 km2)
 • Land 114 sq mi (300 km2)
 • Water 2.5 sq mi (6 km2)  2.1%%
 • Total 11,615 Increase
 • Density 69/sq mi (27/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 6th

Trousdale County, also known as Hartsville/Trousdale County, is a county in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2020 census, the population was 11,615. Its county seat is Hartsville, with which it shares a uniquely formed consolidated city-county government. With an area of just 117 square miles (300 km2), it is Tennessee's smallest county.

Trousdale County is part of the Nashville-DavidsonMurfreesboroFranklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area, although it is located just beyond the ring of "bedroom communities" in the Nashville metropolitan area. Farming and livestock-raising characterize this largely rural area.

Hartsville is the county seat of Trousdale County and now coextensive with it as a metropolitan government by virtue of a referendum which passed in Trousdale County by a single vote. Trousdale County High School is located here, as well as a technical school operated by the Tennessee Board of Regents. Trousdale County is one of two counties in Tennessee to have legalized parimutuel betting on horse racing, but no group has ever stepped forward to build a racetrack.

In 2016, Corrections Corporation of America (since renamed CoreCivic) opened the Trousdale Turner Correctional Center in Hartsville. Its approximately 2,500 prisoners comprise over a fifth of the county's residents and nearly 12% of Tennessee state prisoners. The prison became a hot spot for COVID-19 cases during the COVID-19 pandemic, giving the county the highest incidence rate in the U.S. in May 2020, with 1 in 7 residents known to be infected with coronavirus.


Trousdale County was formed in 1870 from parts of Macon, Smith, Sumner and Wilson counties. It was named for William Trousdale (1790–1872), Brigadier General in the Mexican War, Governor of Tennessee, 1849–1851, and U.S. Minister to Brazil, 1853–1857. Hartsvillians had initially sought the creation of their own, separate county in 1849, but the effort failed.


Hartsville area

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 117 square miles (300 km2), of which 114 square miles (300 km2) is land and 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) (2.1%) is water. It is the smallest county by area in Tennessee.

Adjacent counties

State protected areas

  • Old Hickory Wildlife Management Area (part)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 6,646
1890 5,850 −12.0%
1900 6,004 2.6%
1910 5,874 −2.2%
1920 5,996 2.1%
1930 5,629 −6.1%
1940 6,113 8.6%
1950 5,520 −9.7%
1960 4,914 −11.0%
1970 5,155 4.9%
1980 6,137 19.0%
1990 5,920 −3.5%
2000 7,259 22.6%
2010 7,870 8.4%
2020 11,615 47.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2014
USA Trousdale County, Tennessee.csv age pyramid
Age pyramid Trousdale County

2020 census

Trousdale County racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 8,786 75.64%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 1,917 16.5%
Native American 26 0.22%
Asian 27 0.23%
Other/Mixed 484 4.17%
Hispanic or Latino 375 3.23%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 11,615 people, 3,189 households, and 2,083 families residing in the county.


The old Methodist Church building in Hartsville

Hartsville, the county seat, is the only officially constituted municipality in Trousdale County. Unincorporated communities include:

  • Barthelia
  • Beech Grove
  • Cato
  • Gravel Hill
  • Halltown
  • Kings
  • Providence
  • Puryears Bend
  • Shady Grove
  • Templow
  • Walnut Grove
  • Willard

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Trousdale para niños

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