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Trousdale County, Tennessee facts for kids

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Trousdale County
Trousdale County Courthouse in Hartsville
Trousdale County Courthouse in Hartsville
Map of Tennessee highlighting Trousdale County
Location within the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Tennessee
Founded September 5, 1870
Named for William Trousdale
Seat Hartsville
Largest town Hartsville
 • Total 117 sq mi (300 km2)
 • Land 114 sq mi (300 km2)
 • Water 2.5 sq mi (6 km2)  2.1%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 69/sq mi (27/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 6th

Trousdale County, also known as Hartsville/Trousdale County, is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,870. Its county seat is Hartsville, with which it shares a uniquely formed consolidated city-county government. With an area of just 117 square miles (300 km2), it is Tennessee's smallest county.

Trousdale County is part of the Nashville-DavidsonMurfreesboroFranklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area, although it is located just beyond the ring of "bedroom communities" in the Nashville metropolitan area. Farming and livestock-raising characterize this largely rural area.

Hartsville is the county seat of Trousdale County and now coextensive with it as a metropolitan government by virtue of a referendum which passed in Trousdale County by a single vote. Trousdale County High School is located here, as well as a technical school operated by the Tennessee Board of Regents. Trousdale County is one of two counties in Tennessee to have legalized parimutuel betting on horse racing, but no group has ever stepped forward to build a racetrack.


Trousdale County was formed in 1870 from parts of Macon, Smith, Sumner and Wilson counties. It was named for William Trousdale (1790–1872), Brigadier General in the Mexican War, Governor of Tennessee, 1849–1851, and U.S. Minister to Brazil, 1853–1857. Hartsvillians had initially sought the creation of their own, separate county in 1849, but the effort failed.


Hartsville area

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 117 square miles (300 km2), of which 114 square miles (300 km2) is land and 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) (2.1%) is water. It is the smallest county by area in Tennessee.

Adjacent counties

State protected areas

  • Old Hickory Wildlife Management Area (part)


Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 6,646
1890 5,850 −12.0%
1900 6,004 2.6%
1910 5,874 −2.2%
1920 5,996 2.1%
1930 5,629 −6.1%
1940 6,113 8.6%
1950 5,520 −9.7%
1960 4,914 −11.0%
1970 5,155 4.9%
1980 6,137 19.0%
1990 5,920 −3.5%
2000 7,259 22.6%
2010 7,870 8.4%
Est. 2015 8,042 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2014
USA Trousdale County, Tennessee.csv age pyramid
Age pyramid Trousdale County

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,259 people, 2,780 households, and 2,034 families residing in the county. The population density was 64 people per square mile (25/km²). There were 3,095 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 86.57% White, 11.35% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.99% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 1.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,780 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 23.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,212, and the median income for a family was $37,401. Males had a median income of $27,466 versus $21,207 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,838. About 9.70% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 20.00% of those age 65 or over.


The old Methodist Church building in Hartsville

Hartsville, the county seat, is the only officially constituted municipality in Trousdale County. Unincorporated communities include:

  • Barthelia
  • Beech Grove
  • Cato
  • Gravel Hill
  • Halltown
  • Kings
  • Providence
  • Puryears Bend
  • Shady Grove
  • Templow
  • Walnut Grove
  • Willard
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