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Wilson County, Tennessee facts for kids

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Wilson County
County of Wilson
Wilson County Courthouse in Lebanon
Wilson County Courthouse in Lebanon
Official seal of Wilson County
Map of Tennessee highlighting Wilson County
Location within the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Tennessee
Founded October 26, 1799
Named for David Wilson, early statesman
Seat Lebanon
Largest city Mt. Juliet
 • Total 583 sq mi (1,510 km2)
 • Land 571 sq mi (1,480 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (30 km2)  2.1%%
 • Total 147,737 Increase
 • Density 258.73/sq mi (99.90/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 6th

Wilson County is a county in the U.S. state of Tennessee. It is in Middle Tennessee. As of the 2020 census, the population was 147,737. Its county seat is Lebanon. The largest city is Mt. Juliet. Wilson County is part of the Nashville-DavidsonMurfreesboroFranklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Wilson County was created in 1799 from a portion of Sumner County, and named for Major David Wilson, a Revolutionary War veteran and statesman. The county remained predominantly agrarian throughout the 19th century. The arrival of the railroad after the Civil War boosted the county's timber sector, and several large factories were constructed in the county during the early 20th century.

Wilson County was the site of an important saltpeter mine. Saltpeter is the main ingredient of gunpowder and was obtained by leaching the earth from Valley Cave. Valley Cave is located near Statesville. Numerous saltpeter hoppers still inside the cave indicate that this was a relatively large mining operation. These saltpeter vats may date from either the War of 1812 mining era or the Civil War mining era, or perhaps both. Further research is needed to determine when this mine was active.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 583 square miles (1,510 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (2.1%) is water. The Cumberland River flows along the county's northern border with Trousdale and Sumner counties. This section of the river is part of Old Hickory Lake. Several streams in the western part of the county are part of the Stones River basin.

Wilson County is home to a large concentration of cedar glades, a unique ecosystem where the soil is too rocky or shallow for trees to grow. Many of these glades are found in Cedars of Lebanon State Park.

Adjacent counties

Cedar glade in Wilson County

State protected areas

  • Cedars of Lebanon State Forest
  • Cedars of Lebanon State Park
  • Couchville Cedar Glade State Natural Area (part)
  • Gattinger's Cedar Glade and Barrens State Natural Area (part)
  • John and Hester Land Cedar Glades State Natural Area
  • Old Hickory Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Percy Priest Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Vesta Cedar Glade State Natural Area
  • Vine Cedar Glade State Natural Area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 3,261
1820 18,730
1830 25,472 36.0%
1840 24,460 −4.0%
1850 27,443 12.2%
1860 26,072 −5.0%
1870 25,881 −0.7%
1880 28,747 11.1%
1890 27,148 −5.6%
1900 27,078 −0.3%
1910 25,394 −6.2%
1920 26,241 3.3%
1930 23,929 −8.8%
1940 25,267 5.6%
1950 26,318 4.2%
1960 27,668 5.1%
1970 36,999 33.7%
1980 56,064 51.5%
1990 67,675 20.7%
2000 88,809 31.2%
2010 113,993 28.4%
2020 147,737 29.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020
USA Wilson County, Tennessee.csv age pyramid
Age pyramid Wilson County

2020 census

Wilson County racial composition
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 118,889 80.47%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 10,099 6.84%
Native American 405 0.27%
Asian 3,086 2.09%
Pacific Islander 44 0.03%
Other/Mixed 6,839 4.63%
Hispanic or Latino 8,375 5.67%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 147,737 people, 51,618 households, and 40,874 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 113,993 people, 42,563 households, and 32,177 families living in the county. The population density was 199.64 persons per square mile. The housing unit density was 74.54 units per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 89.30% White, 6.40% African American, 1.12% Asian, 0.35% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, and 1.46% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origins constituted 3.24% of the population.

Of all of the households, 33.22% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 60.08% were married couples living together, 4.33% had a male householder with no wife present, 11.19% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.40% were non-families. 19.86% of households were one person and 7.29% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.03.

The age distribution was 25.06% under the age of 18, 62.78% ages 18 to 64, and 12.17% age 65 and older. The median age was 39.3 years. 51.02% of the population were females and 48.98% were males.

The median household income was $60,678, and the median family income was $70,092. Males had a median income of $49,293 versus $36,419 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,814. About 5.6% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under the age of 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 and older.



Statesville tennessee street


Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Former community


Wilson County Schools oversees 22 public schools, including 2 adult education centers and a technical education center. The county has five high schools: Mount Juliet High School, Lebanon High School, Wilson Central High School, Green Hill High School, and Watertown High School.

Lebanon Special School District (LSSD) serves most of Lebanon and some unincorporated areas for K-8, though some parts of Lebanon are with Wilson County schools for all years K-12. Wilson County Schools operates the high schools that serve the LSSD territory.

Cumberland University is located in Lebanon.

Notable people

  • Jordan Anderson (1825–1907) – author of Letter from a Freedman to His Old Master (1865)
  • Casey Atwood (b. 1980) – NASCAR driver
  • Adrian Belew (b. 1949) – musical artist
  • Charlie Daniels (1936-2020) – musical artist
  • Dan Evins (1935–2012) – businessman and founder of the Cracker Barrel Old Country Store
  • Bobby Hamilton (1957–2007) – NASCAR driver
  • Erika Jo (b. 1986) – musical artist
  • Chloe Kohanski – musical artist
  • John J. Pettus (1813–1867) – 20th and 23rd Governor of Mississippi
  • John S. Roane (1817–1867) – 4th Governor of Arkansas
  • David P. Sartor (b. 1956) – classical composer
  • Gretchen Wilson (b. 1973) – musical artist
  • Ross Winn (1871–1912) – writer

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Wilson (Tennessee) para niños

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