Sumner County, Tennessee facts for kids

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Sumner County, Tennessee
Seal of Sumner County, Tennessee
Map
Map of Tennessee highlighting Sumner County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the USA highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded November 1786
Seat Gallatin
Largest City Hendersonville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

543 sq mi (1,406 km²)
529 sq mi (1,370 km²)
14 sq mi (36 km²), 2.5%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

175,989
303/sq mi (117/km²)
Website: www.sumnertn.org
Named for: Jethro Sumner

Sumner County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 160,645. Its county seat is Gallatin, and its largest city is Hendersonville. The county is named for American Revolutionary War hero General Jethro Sumner.

Sumner County is part of the Nashville-DavidsonMurfreesboroFranklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Sumner County was created in 1786, when Tennessee was still part of North Carolina. The county had been inhabited by Native Americans for centuries, as evidenced by Mississippian period mounds still visible at Castalian Springs. Longhunters traveled to the area as early as the 1760s, following Indian paths through the area. By the early 1780s, several outposts had been erected, most notably Mansker's Station, built by Kasper Mansker at modern Goodlettsville, and Bledsoe's Station, built by Isaac Bledsoe at Castalian Springs.

Geography

Sumner County TN sign
Signs indicating the Tennessee State and Sumner County borders

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 543 square miles (1,410 km2), of which 529 square miles (1,370 km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (2.5%) is water.

Sumner County is located in Middle Tennessee on the state's northern border with Kentucky. The Cumberland River was important in early trade and transportation, as it flows into the Ohio River to the west. Sumner County is in the Greater Nashville metropolitan area.

Adjacent counties

State protected areas

  • Bledsoe Creek State Park
  • Cragfont State Historic Site
  • Gallatin Steam Plant Wildlife Management Area
  • Old Hickory Wildlife Management Area (part)
  • Rock Castle State Historic Site
  • Taylor Hollow State Natural Area
  • Wynnewood State Historic Site

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 4,616
1810 13,792 198.8%
1820 19,211 39.3%
1830 20,569 7.1%
1840 22,415 9.0%
1850 22,717 1.3%
1860 22,030 −3.0%
1870 23,711 7.6%
1880 23,625 −0.4%
1890 23,668 0.2%
1900 26,072 10.2%
1910 25,621 −1.7%
1920 27,708 8.1%
1930 28,622 3.3%
1940 32,719 14.3%
1950 33,533 2.5%
1960 36,217 8.0%
1970 56,106 54.9%
1980 85,790 52.9%
1990 103,281 20.4%
2000 130,449 26.3%
2010 160,645 23.1%
Est. 2015 175,989 9.6%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2014
USA Sumner County, Tennessee.csv age pyramid
Age pyramid Sumner County

As of the census of 2000, there were 130,449 people, 48,941 households, and 37,048 families residing in the county. The population density was 246 people per square mile (95/km²). There were 51,657 housing units at an average density of 98 per square mile (38/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.49% White, 5.78% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.80% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 1.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000 there were 48,941 households out of which 36.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.10% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.30% were non-families. 20.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 10.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $46,030, and the median income for a family was $52,125. Males had a median income of $36,875 versus $25,720 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,164. About 6.20% of families and 8.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Town

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities


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