Cordell Hull facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
|47th United States Secretary of State|
March 4, 1933 – November 30, 1944
|President||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Deputy||William Phillips (1933-1936)
Sumner Welles (1936-1943)
Edward Stettinius, Jr. (1943-1944)
|Preceded by||Henry L. Stimson|
|Succeeded by||Edward Stettinius, Jr.|
|United States Senator
March 4, 1931 – March 4, 1933
|Preceded by||William Emerson Brock|
|Succeeded by||Nathan L. Bachman|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee's 4th district|
March 4, 1923 – March 4, 1931
|Preceded by||Wynne F. Clouse|
|Succeeded by||John R. Mitchell|
March 4, 1907 – March 4, 1921
|Preceded by||Mounce Gore Butler|
|Succeeded by||Wynne F. Clouse|
|17th Chairman of the Democratic National Committee|
|Preceded by||George White|
|Succeeded by||Clem L. Shaver|
October 2, 1871|
Olympus, Tennessee, U.S.
|Died||July 23, 1955
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Rose Frances Witz|
|Alma mater||Cumberland School of Law|
|Branch/service||Tennessee Volunteer Infantry|
Cordell Hull (October 2, 1871 – July 23, 1955) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Tennessee. He is known as the longest-serving Secretary of State, holding the position for 11 years (1933–1944) in the administration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt during most of World War II. Hull received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945 for his role in establishing the United Nations, and was referred to by President Roosevelt as the "Father of the United Nations".
Life and government
In 1934, Hull was appointed Secretary of State by Franklin D. Roosevelt; he served 11 years until he retired from public office. Hull became the underlying force and architect in the creation of the United Nations, drafting, along with his staff, the United Nations Charter in mid-1943. He resigned as Secretary of State in November 1944 because of failing health.
In 1945, Cordell Hull was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for "co-initiating the United Nations".
Hull resigned in November 1944 because of failing health as the longest-serving Secretary of State, having served 11 years, nine months in that post. Roosevelt described Hull upon his departure as "the one person in all the world who has done his most to make this great plan for peace (the United Nations) an effective fact". The Norwegian Nobel Committee honored Hull with the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945 in recognition of his efforts for peace and understanding in the Western Hemisphere, his trade agreements, and his work to establish the United Nations.
He died on July 23, 1955, at age 83, at his home in Washington, D.C., after a lifelong struggle with familial remitting-relapsing sarcoidosis (often confused with tuberculosis). He is buried in the vault of the Chapel of St. Joseph of Arimathea in the Washington National Cathedral.
There is now a Cordell Hull Museum located near his birthplace in Byrdstown, Tennessee, which houses his papers and other memorabilia.
His law school, Cumberland School of Law, continues to honor him with a Cordell Hull Speaker's Forum and the pictured Moot Court Room.
Cordell Hull Birthplace State Park, near Byrdstown, Tennessee, was established in 1997 to preserve Hull's birthplace and various personal effects Hull had donated to the citizens of Pickett County, including his Nobel Peace Prize.
The Shoreline School District in Shoreline, Washington, formerly had a Cordell Hull Middle School; it was renamed in the mid-1990s to Meridian Park Elementary, after a renovation.
The Cordell Hull State Office Building. Located at the base of Capital Hill, Nashville, Tennessee, is a secure 10 story building that contains the offices of Attorney General, Health and Child Services.
The Eisenhower Executive Office Building (formerly the Old Executive Office Building) in Washington, DC, next to the White House, contains the ornately decorated "Cordell Hull Room" on the second floor, which is used for meetings. The room was Cordell Hull's office when he served as U.S. Secretary of State.
Images for kids
The Davis-Hull House in Carthage, Tennessee. The house was built by merchant Calvin Davis in 1889, and purchased by William Hull (the father of Cordell Hull) in 1906.
Cordell Hull, flanked by, from left, Russell B. Kingman and Joseph Ward on his right, and, on his left, Homcombe Ward and Richard Dudley Sears, presided as representative of the U.S. over the drawing of the matchups of 1938 Davis Cup tie against Japan (with unknown Japanese representative) in Washington, D.C. on February 3, 1938
Hull and Chinese Ambassador Wei Daoming at the State Department exchanging ratifications of the treaty abolishing extraterritorial rights of the United States in China
Cordell Hull Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.