kids encyclopedia robot

Chaim Herzog facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Chaim Herzog
Chaim-herzog.jpg
Herzog in 1989
6th President of Israel
In office
5 May 1983 – 13 May 1993
Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Yitzhak Shamir
Shimon Peres
Yitzhak Shamir
Yitzhak Rabin
Preceded by Yitzhak Navon
Succeeded by Ezer Weizman
Personal details
Born (1918-09-17)17 September 1918
Belfast, Ireland, United Kingdom
Died 17 April 1997(1997-04-17) (aged 78)
Tel Aviv, Israel
Resting place Mount Herzl, Jerusalem
Nationality Israeli
Political party Alignment (1981–91)
Spouse(s) Aura (née Ambache)
(1947–97, his death)
Children 4, including Isaac
Alma mater University College London, University of London
Signature
Military service
Nickname(s) "Vivian"
Allegiance United Kingdom (1943–47)
Israel (1948–62)
Branch/service British Army
Israel Defence Forces
Rank Major (UK)
Major-general (Israel)
Battles/wars World War II
1948 Arab–Israeli War

Major-General Chaim Herzog (Hebrew: חיים הרצוג‎; 17 September 1918 – 17 April 1997) was an Israeli politician, general, lawyer and author who served as the sixth President of Israel between 1983 and 1993. Born in Belfast and raised predominantly in Dublin, the son of Ireland's Chief Rabbi Yitzhak HaLevi Herzog, he immigrated to Mandatory Palestine in 1935 and served in the Haganah Jewish paramilitary group during the 1936–1939 Arab revolt. As an officer in the British Army during World War II, he was called "Vivian" the direct English translation of "Chaim" - because his first commanding officer would not say "Chaim." He returned to Palestine after the war and, following the end of the British Mandate and Israel's Declaration of Independence in 1948, operated in the battles for Latrun during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. He retired from the Israel Defence Forces in 1962 with the rank of major-general.

After leaving the military, Herzog practised law. In 1972 he was a co-founder of Herzog, Fox & Ne'eman, which would become one of Israel's largest law firms. Between 1975 and 1978 he served as Israel's Permanent Representative to the United Nations, in which capacity he repudiated UN General Assembly Resolution 3379—the "Zionism is Racism" resolution—and symbolically tore it up before the assembly. Herzog entered politics in the 1981 elections, winning a Knesset seat as a member of the Alignment. Two years later, in March 1983, he was elected to the largely ceremonial role of President. He served for two five-year terms before retiring in 1993. He died four years later and was buried on Mount Herzl, Jerusalem. His son Isaac Herzog has led the Israeli Labor Party and the parliamentary Opposition in the Knesset between 2013 and 2017.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Chaim Herzog Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.