Menachem Begin facts for kids
|6th Prime Minister of Israel|
21 June 1977 – 10 October 1983
|Preceded by||Yitzhak Rabin|
|Succeeded by||Yitzhak Shamir|
|Minister of Defense|
28 May 1980 – 5 August 1981
|Preceded by||Ezer Weizman|
|Succeeded by||Ariel Sharon|
14 February 1983 – 23 February 1983
|Preceded by||Ariel Sharon|
|Succeeded by||Moshe Arens|
16 August 1913|
Brest, Russian Empire
|Died||9 March 1992
Tel Aviv, Israel
|Political party||Herut (1948-1988)
|Spouse(s)||Aliza Arnold (1939–82)|
|Alma mater||University of Warsaw|
Menachem Begin (16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was an Israeli politician. Originally a Zionist activist in Eastern Europe, he later became Prime Minister of Israel.
In 1941 he joined the Free Polish army. This is how he arrived in Mandatory Palestine in 1942.
In 1942, Begin joined the Irgun, a Zionist-Jewish paramilitary organisation, which was labelled as a terrorist organization in the 1940s. From 1943 to 1948 he was commander of the Irgun.
Begin’s most significant acts as Prime Minister include officially declaring Jerusalem the capital of Israel, imposing Israeli law on the Golan Heights destroying Saddam Hussein's nuclear reactor in Iraq controversially leading Israel through the early stages of the 1982 Lebanon War and most famously signing the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty. For that treaty, Begin and Anwar Sadat shared the Nobel Peace Prize.
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Menachem Begin Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.