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Charles Ewing
General Charles Ewing
Born (1835-03-06)March 6, 1835
Lancaster, Ohio
Died June 20, 1883(1883-06-20) (aged 48)
Washington, D.C.
Place of burial
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1861 – 1867
Rank Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Civil War
*Battle of Shiloh
*Battle of Vicksburg
*Atlanta Campaign
*Battle of Bentonville
Other work Lawyer

Charles Ewing (March 6, 1835 – June 20, 1883) was an attorney and Union Army general during the American Civil War. He was the son of Interior Secretary Thomas Ewing, the brother of Thomas Ewing Jr. and Hugh Boyle Ewing, and the foster brother and brother-in-law of William T. Sherman. Ewing's sister and Sherman's wife was Ellen Ewing Sherman.

Early life and career

He was educated at St. Joseph's College in Perry County, Ohio, and at the University of Virginia. He studied law, was admitted to practice and was so engaged at St. Louis, Missouri, when the civil war broke out.

Civil War

He then joined the U.S. Army and was commissioned in May 1861 as a captain in the 13th Infantry, of which William T. Sherman, his brother-in-law, was colonel. He was appointed inspector-general on the staff of General Sherman, when in command of the western army.

At the Battle of Vicksburg he planted the flag of his battalion on the parapet of the Confederate fort, and received a severe wound. For this action he was brevetted major in 1863; for his action at Jackson, Colliersville and Missionary Ridge, in the Atlanta campaign he was made lieutenant-colonel by brevet in 1864, and for gallant conduct in the march to the sea and thence through the Carolinas to Washington he was brevetted colonel in 1865. He was made brigadier-general of volunteers, March 8, 1865.

Postbellum career

In 1867 General Ewing resigned his commission in the army, and opened a successful law practice in Washington, D.C.. Beginning in 1874, he served as the Catholic Commissioner for Indian Missions (later known as the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions), which involved defending Roman Catholic mission interests and Native American rights. Based on its prior missionary initiatives the Catholic Church felt justified in operating schools at 34 of the 72 agencies, but the administration of President Ulysses S. Grant allowed them at only seven. Ewing served as Catholic Commissioner until his death in Washington on June 20, 1883.

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