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Chibi

赤壁市
County-level city
Engravings on a cliffside near Chibi City
Engravings on a cliffside near Chibi City
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hubei
Prefecture-level city Xianning
Area
 • County-level city 1,723 km2 (665 sq mi)
 • Urban
51.20 km2 (19.77 sq mi)
Elevation
67 m (221 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • County-level city 478,410
 • Density 277.66/km2 (719.14/sq mi)
 • Urban
252,600
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s) 437300

Chibi is a county-level city in southeastern Hubei province, China. Neighboring Wuhan in the north and Yueyang in the south, Chibi is called the "South Gate of Hubei". It is under the administration of Xianning prefecture-level city. Chibi was called Puqi (Chinese: 蒲圻; pinyin: Púqí) until 11 June 1998, when the State Council approved its renaming to "Chibi" since it was the site of the famous Battle of Chibi that took place in the winter of 208/9 CE,

Chibi has an area of 1,723 square kilometres (665 sq mi) and a population of 506,509 as of 2006.

Population

In 1908, the entire county had a population of 185,004. In 1911, there were 42,455 families. In 1931, the county had 44,724 families and population of 181,640. In 1953, after the first national population census, the county had 50,746 families and population of 182,801. In 1964, the second national population census, the county had 58,055 families and population of 248,391. From 1961 to 1970, it is the second peak of population growth, after the third national population census, the county had 75,560 families and population of 387,789, when the birth rate was 18.24%, mortality rate was 6.69% and growth rate was 11.7%.

In 1982 when the third national census, the county 385,662 Han Chinese people, 99.45% of the total population, 2131 minority, 0.55% of the total population, of which 1929 Hui people, 51 Miao people, 49 Dong people, 21 Tujia people, 30 Zhuang people, 21 Manchu people, 6 Buyi people, 4 Tibetans, 3 Mongolians, 3 Yao people, 2 Uyghur and 2 Korean.

Administrative divisions

The administrative division of Chibi starts from the Song dynasty. From the Song dynasty to the Yuan dynasty, it named as township. In the Ming dynasty, it divided as a capital system. From the Qing dynasty to 1932, it changed to a township and group system. After 1949, the government of Chibi set up a district office as the county agency, managing several townships and communes. In 1975, it dismantled the district into a township and restored in 1984.

Chibi has jurisdiction over ten towns, a township, three subdistricts, an agriculture zone, three state-owned agriculture, forestry, tea, 152 village committees and 1,682 village groups.

Three subdistricts:

Ten towns:

The only township is Yujiaqiao Township (余家桥)

Other areas:

  • Pufang Industrial Park (蒲纺工业园), Guantangyi Forestry (官塘驿林场), Yangloudong Tea Plantation (羊楼洞茶场), Canghu Development Area (沧湖开发区), Chibi Economic Development Area (赤壁市经济开发区)

Historic sites

Yangloudong (羊楼洞), an old center of tea production and trade, is located in Zhaoliqiao town near Hubei's border with Hunan, some 26 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of downtown Chibi.

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