Clara Zetkin facts for kids
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Clara Zetkin (ca. 1920)
Clara Josephine Eißner
5 July 1857
|Died||20 June 1933 (aged 75)
Arkhangelskoye, near Moscow
|Other names||Klara Zetkin|
Women's rights activist
|Political party||SPD (till 1917)
|Partner(s)||Ossip Zetkin (1850–1889)|
|Children||Maxim Zetkin (1883–1965)
Konstantin "Kostja" Zetkin (1885–1980)
Clara Zetkin was born in Wiederau. She trained as a teacher at Leipzig Teachers College for Women. During her studies, she became involved with the women's and labour movements. In 1878 she joined the Socialist Workers' Party of Germany. In 1910, she proposed the celebration of International Women's Day, which is celebrated today every 8 March.
She was a recipient of the Order of Lenin (1932) and the Order of the Red Banner (1927).
Zetkin went into exile, this time to the Soviet Union. She died there, at Arkhangelskoye, near Moscow, in 1933, aged nearly 76. Her ashes were placed in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis, by the Moscow Kremlin Wall, near the Red Square.
After 1949, Zetkin became a much-celebrated heroine in the German Democratic Republic, and every major city had a street named after her. Even today, Clara Zetkin's name can still be found on the maps of the former lands of the GDR.
- Zetkin was memorialized on the ten mark banknote and twenty mark coin of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) (East Germany).
- After 1949, every major city in the GDR had a street named after her.
- In 1954, the GDR established the Clara Zetkin Medal (Clara-Zetkin-Medaille).
- In 1955, the city council of Leipzig established a new recreation area near the city center called "Clara-Zetkin-Park"
- In 1967, a statue of Clara Zetkin, sculpted by GDR artist Walter Arnold, was erected in Johannapark in Leipzig in commemoration of her 110th birthday.
- In 1987, the GDR issued a stamp with her picture.
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