Clarksburg, Massachusetts facts for kids
Clarksburg Town Hall on an autumn day
Location in Berkshire County and the state of Massachusetts.
|• Total||12.8 sq mi (33.3 km2)|
|• Land||12.8 sq mi (33.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||1,138 ft (347 m)|
|• Density||133.0/sq mi (51.11/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0619417|
Clarksburg was first settled in 1764 and officially incorporated in 1798.
Captain Matthew Ketchum, Colonel William Bullock, and Nicholas Clark are credited with settling the area in 1769; Clark later became Clarksburg's namesake. The town began as a mostly agrarian community, with mills springing up along the waterways in the nineteenth century. The major mills were one to make cashmere, and several mills supplied gunpowder during the Civil War. However, the industry was stopped by the town after one of the mills exploded in 1869.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.8 square miles (33 km2), of which 12.8 square miles (33 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.62%) is water.
The town is bordered on two sides by mountains, with East Mountain and Bald Mountain to the west, and the Hoosac Range to the east. Between the two ranges, Hudson Brook and the north branch of the Hoosic River flow through the valley, merging just south of the town line. In the northern part of the valley is Clarksburg State Park, operated by the state's Department of Conservation and Recreation. The park is home to Mauserts Pond and offers picnicking, hiking, and camping, as well as other recreational activities. On the Vermont side of the border lies the Green Mountain National Forest. The Appalachian Trail crosses from north to south through the town, passing just west of the peak of East Mountain, the highest point in town, at 2,300 feet (700 m).
Route 8 is the only state route through town, and is the main road. The nearest interstate highway is Interstate 91, which is 35 miles (56 km) east of town along Route 2, also known as the Mohawk Trail, which ends just south of town and whose hairpin turn is located just within the town border near the town's southeast corner.
There is no rail service in town, and the nearest bus services are located in North Adams. The nearest regional airport is Harriman and West Airport in North Adams, and the nearest airport with national service is the Albany International Airport.
|* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,702 people, 675 households, and 507 families residing in the town. Clarksburg ranks 20th out of 32 towns in Berkshire County by population, and 302nd out of 351 cities and towns in Massachusetts. The population density was 133 people per square mile (51/km²), making it the 9th most densely populated town in the county and the 273rd in the Commonwealth. There were 715 housing units at an average density of 55.9 per square mile (22/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.8% White, 0.2% African American, 0.12% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.
There were 675 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.3% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the town, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 19, 4.4% from 20 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 105.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $57,600, and the median income for a family was $62,639. Males had a median income of $49,038 versus $39,063 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,274. About 3.5% of families and 6.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.9% of those under age 18 and 1.6% of those age 65 or over.
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