kids encyclopedia robot

Clermont, Queensland facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Memorial marking the 1916 flood
Clermont is located in Queensland
Location in Queensland
Population 3,031 (2016 census locality)
 • Density 1.37025/km2 (3.5489/sq mi)
Established 1864
Postcode(s) 4721
Elevation 267.0 m (876 ft)
Area 2,212.0 km2 (854.1 sq mi)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10:00)
LGA(s) Isaac
State electorate(s) Burdekin
Federal Division(s) Capricornia
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
29.6 °C
85 °F
15.0 °C
59 °F
663.7 mm
26.1 in
Localities around Clermont:
Laglan Frankfield Kilcummin
Alpha Clermont Wolfang
Quetta Peak Vale Theresa Creek

Clermont is a rural town and locality in the Isaac Region, Queensland, Australia. In the 2016 census the locality of Clermont had a population of 3,031 people.

Clermont is a major hub for the large coal mines in the region as well as serving agricultural properties.


StateLibQld 2 51740 Students at the Clermont State School, Queensland, ca. 1905
Clermont State School, ~1905
StateLibQld 1 51432 Flood damaged, two-storey house at Clermont, 1916
Flood damaged, two-storey house, 1916
StateLibQld 1 138591 Leo Hotel moving along Lime Street, Clermont, 1917
Leo Hotel moving along Lime Street after the flood, 1917

Ludwig Leichhardt was the first European to pass through the Clermont area in 1845, but it was the discovery of gold in 1861 that was responsible for the establishment of the town. The town reserve was proclaimed on 25 March 1864, although a gold field was declared in the area in 1862. Clermont is named after Clermont-Ferrand in France; Clermont-Ferrand was the ancestral home of Oscar de Satge, one of the first European grazier who owned the Wolfang Downs pastoral run.

Theresa Creek Post Office opened by 1863, was replaced by Coppermines Post Office at the end of 1863 and Clermont Post Office in 1864.

Clermont State School opened on 27 August 1867.

Copper was discovered soon after. In the 1880s up to 4000 Chinese people were resident in Clermont, mining for gold and copper. This led to racial riots and the Chinese were removed from the region in 1888.

The railway was extended north from Emerald to Clermont in February 1884. However, no passenger trains are available to or from Clermont.

The town was originally established on low-lying ground next to a lagoon or billabong, but flooding was always a problem, with four substantial floods occurring between 1864 and 1896. The greatest flood, in 1916, killed 65 people out of a town population of 1,500 and remains one of Australia's worst natural disasters in terms of life lost. Following the 1916 flood, many of the wooden buildings of the town were moved using steam traction engines to a new townsite on higher ground. A local amateur photographer, George Pullar took numerous photographs of the moving buildings, published in the 1980s as "A Shifting Town".

On 27 January 1959 a secondary department was added Clermont State School providing secondary education (8-12). That arrangement ceased with the opening of Clermont State High School on 29 January 1990.

Heritage listings

Clermont has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Coal Mining

Glencore is currently operating the Clermont Mine, located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) north west of the township of Clermont in central Queensland. When the mine reaches full capacity it will produce up to 12.2 million tonnes of thermal coal for international markets. Clermont Mine delivered its first conveyor of coal in April 2010.

Clermont also hosted another larger coal mine; Blair Athol coal mine, located 20 kilometres (12 mi) north west of Clermont. The mine supplied customers in Asia and Europe with up to 12 million tonnes of thermal coal per annum. The coal deposit was originally discovered on the site in 1864 and was first mined in 1890. Between 1920 and 1945 coal was mined with an underground method, which is still visible today. The most recent open cut operation started in 1984. Blair Athol Mine was closed on 26 November 2012 after it completely mined out. Its stockpile and train facilities will be used by the Clermont Mine, which began operations in 2010. The site is expected to take up to five years to rehabilitate.

  • — full text available online


Clermont State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at Hetherington Street (22°50′11″S 147°37′56″E / 22.8365°S 147.6321°E / -22.8365; 147.6321 (Clermont State School)). In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 237 students with 20 teachers (18 full-time equivalent) and 12 non-teaching staff (9 full-time equivalent).

Clermont State High School is a government secondary (7-12) school for boys and girls at 1 Kitchener Street (22°49′40″S 147°38′20″E / 22.8277°S 147.6389°E / -22.8277; 147.6389 (Clermont State High School)). In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 182 students with 20 teachers and 15 non-teaching staff (11 full-time equivalent).

St Joseph's Catholic Primary School is a Catholic primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 50 Box Street (22°49′19″S 147°38′21″E / 22.8220°S 147.6391°E / -22.8220; 147.6391 (St Joseph's Catholic Primary School)). In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 106 students with 10 teachers (9 full-time equivalent) and 6 non-teaching staff (3 full-time equivalent).

Mistake Creek State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 6652 Alpha Road (22°59′20″S 147°05′00″E / 22.9889°S 147.0833°E / -22.9889; 147.0833 (Mistake Creek State School)). In 2017, the school had an enrolment of 14 students with 2 teachers and 2 non-teaching staff (1 full-time equivalent). This school is within the former locality of Mistake Creek, which was discontinued and absorbed into neighbouring localities in May 2019; the school is now within the enlarged boundaries of the locality of Clermont.

Road infrastructure

The Gregory Highway runs through the eastern end, and the Peak Downs Highway enters from the east. The Clermont Connection Road links the Gregory Highway to the CBD, and the Clermont-Alpha Road starts in the CBD and exits to the south-west.

kids search engine
Clermont, Queensland Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.