Cleveland Heights, Ohio facts for kids

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Cleveland Heights, Ohio
City
Coventry Village in Cleveland Heights.
Coventry Village in Cleveland Heights.
Nickname(s): City Of Trees,Home Of The Arts,Neighborhood City,Sharing City
Location in Cuyahoga County and the state of Ohio.
Location in Cuyahoga County and the state of Ohio.
Location of Ohio in the United States
Location of Ohio in the United States
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga
Founded 1903(Village)
Established August.9,1921(City)
Area
 • Total 8.13 sq mi (21.06 km2)
 • Land 8.11 sq mi (21.00 km2)
 • Water .02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 935 ft (285 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 46,121
 • Estimate (2014) 45,181
 • Density 5,673/sq mi (2,190.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 44121, 44112, 44118, 44106
Area code(s) 216
FIPS code 39-16014
GNIS feature ID 1048605
Website [http:// Official website]

Cleveland Heights is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, and an inner-ring suburb of Cleveland. The city's population was 46,121 at the 2010 census. As of the 2010 census, Cleveland Heights was ranked the 8th largest city by population in the Greater Cleveland metropolitan area and ranked 20th in Ohio. It was founded as a village in 1903 and a city in 1921.

History

The area that is now Cleveland Heights was settled later than most of Cuyahoga County. The first road through what is today the city, Mayfield Road, was not built until 1828. Besides farms the area also had quarries in the 19th century. One of the early quarries was established by Duncan McFarland and mined bluestone. This led to the settlement that grew up around the quarry for the workers to live in to be referred to as Bluestone. There is still a road of this name in that area.

John D. Rockefeller arrived in what is today Cleveland Heights in 1873. He had a large estate of 700 acres (2.8 km2) and in 1938 the family donated the land of what is now Forest Hill Park that straddles the boundaries of Cleveland Heights and East Cleveland. There had been quarries within what is today Forest Hill Park previous to Rockefeller donating it to the city.

Rockefeller was not the only affluent Clevelander to come to what is now Cleveland Heights. The Euclid Heights development was created by Patrick Calhoun starting in 1892. It was centered around the Euclid Golf Course and began at the Cleveland city line, covering the area between Mayfield Road and Cedar Road as far east as Coventry Road. There was a streetcar line from this location running to the center of Cleveland's business district.

In 1898 Marcus M. Brown began the development of Mayfield Heights along the south side of Mayfield Road just beyond the Cleveland boundary and to take advantage of the Mayfield Road streetcar. Brown had purchased this land from Emil Preyer and his sister Mary Preyer Hellwig. Emil had operated a cedar mill.

By the end of 1899 the streetcar reached out along Mayfield Road to the old village of Fairmount. In 1903 the village of Cleveland Heights was incorporated. In 1910 Cleveland Heights had a population about 5,000 people. It had a population of 15,396 in 1920 and was incorporated as a city on 9 August 1921. By 1960 it had a population of 61,813.

Geography

Heights Rockefeller Building
View of the Heights Rockefeller Building, from Mayfield and Lee Roads

Cleveland Heights is located at (41.509652, -81.563301).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.13 square miles (21.06 km2), of which 8.11 square miles (21.00 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water. Cleveland Heights is mostly within the Dugway Brook Watershed.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1910 2,955
1920 15,236 415.6%
1930 50,945 234.4%
1940 54,992 7.9%
1950 59,141 7.5%
1960 61,813 4.5%
1970 60,767 −1.7%
1980 56,438 −7.1%
1990 54,052 −4.2%
2000 49,958 −7.6%
2010 46,121 −7.7%
Est. 2015 44,962 −10.0%
Sources:

As of the census of 2010, there were 46,121 people, 19,957 households, and 10,834 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,686.9 inhabitants per square mile (2,195.7/km2). There were 22,465 housing units at an average density of 2,770.0 per square mile (1,069.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 49.8% White, 42.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 19,957 households of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.7% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 3.05.

The median age in the city was 35.8 years. 22.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.9% were from 25 to 44; 25.9% were from 45 to 64; and 13.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.


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