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Cuyahoga County, Ohio facts for kids

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Cuyahoga County
County of Cuyahoga
Cuyahoga County Courthouse in Downtown Cleveland
Official seal of Cuyahoga County
Seal
Etymology: Cuyahoga River
Map of Cuyahoga County within Ohio
Map of Cuyahoga County within Ohio
Country United States
State Ohio
Region Northeast Ohio
Founded May 1, 1810
Named for Cuyahoga River
County seat Cleveland
Area
 • Total 1,246 sq mi (3,230 km2)
 • Land 457 sq mi (1,180 km2)
 • Water 788 sq mi (2,040 km2)
Elevation
653 ft (199 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 1,264,817
 • Density 2,767.65/sq mi (1,068.60/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts 9th, 11th, 14th, 16th Cuyahoga
Largest city Cleveland

Cuyahoga County ( or) is located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Ohio on the southern shore of Lake Erie, across the U.S.-Canada maritime border. As of the 2020 United States Census, its population was 1,264,817, making it the second-most-populous county in the state.

The county seat and largest city is Cleveland. The county is bisected by the Cuyahoga River, which gave the county its name. “Cuyahoga” is an Iroquoian word meaning "crooked river". Cuyahoga County is the core of the Greater Cleveland Metropolitan Area and of the Cleveland–Akron–Canton combined statistical area.

Former U.S. President James A. Garfield was born in what was at the time Cuyahoga County's Orange Township.

History

Titus1874Cuyahoga
Cuyahoga County in 1874

After the discovery of the New World, the land that became Cuyahoga County was originally part of the French colony of Canada (New France), which was ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed Province of Quebec. In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory, then was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795.

Cuyahoga County was created on June 7, 1807 and organized on May 1, 1810. It was later reduced by the creation of Huron, Lake, and Lorain Counties. It was named after the Cuyahoga River.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,246 square miles (3,230 km2), of which 457 square miles (1,180 km2) is land and 788 square miles (2,040 km2) (63%) is water. It is the second-largest county in Ohio by total area. A portion of Cuyahoga Valley National Park is located in the southeastern portion of the county.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

See also: Demographics of Cleveland
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1810 1,459 —    
1820 6,328 +333.7%
1830 10,373 +63.9%
1840 26,506 +155.5%
1850 48,099 +81.5%
1860 78,033 +62.2%
1870 132,010 +69.2%
1880 196,943 +49.2%
1890 309,970 +57.4%
1900 439,120 +41.7%
1910 637,425 +45.2%
1920 943,495 +48.0%
1930 1,201,455 +27.3%
1940 1,217,250 +1.3%
1950 1,389,532 +14.2%
1960 1,647,895 +18.6%
1970 1,721,300 +4.5%
1980 1,498,400 −12.9%
1990 1,412,140 −5.8%
2000 1,393,978 −1.3%
2010 1,280,122 −8.2%
2020 1,264,817 −1.2%
Source: U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2020
Largest ancestries (2010) Percent
German 17.4%
Irish 13.0%
Italian 9.2%
Polish 8.6%
English 6.3%
Slovak 3.3%
USA Cuyahoga County, Ohio age pyramid
Cuyahoga County population (Source: United States Census, 2000)

As of the 2010 census, 1,280,122 people, 571,457 households, and 319,996 families were residing in the county. The population density was 2,800 people/sq mi (1,081/km2). The 621,763 housing units averaged 1,346 per sq mi (520/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 63.6% White, 29.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.6% Asian (0.9% Indian, 0.7% Chinese, 0.3% Filipino, 0.2% Korean, 0.2% Vietnamese, 0.1% Japanese), 1.8% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. About 4.8% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race (3.1% Puerto Rican, 0.7% Mexican, 0.1% Dominican, 0.1% Guatemalan). Further, 16.5% were of German, 12.8% Irish, 8.8% Italian, 8.1% Polish, 5.9% English, 3.7% Slovak, and 3.1% Hungarian heritage.

Sizable numbers of Russians (1.7%), French, (1.4%), Arabs (1.4%), Ukrainians (1.2%), and Greeks (0.7%) were residing in the county; as their first language, 88.4% spoke English, 3.7% Spanish, and 4.9% some other Indo-European language. In addition, 7.3% of the population were foreign-born (of which 44.4% were born in Europe, 36.3% in Asia, and 12.1% in Latin America).

Of the 571,457 households, 28.5% had children under 18 living with them, 42.4% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were not families. About 32.8% of all households consisted of single individuals, and 12.1% consisted of someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.39, and the average family size was 3.06.

The age distribution in the county was as follows: 25.0% under 18, 8.0% between 18 and 24, 29.3% between 25 and 44, 22.2% between 45 and 64, and 15.6% who were 65 or older. The median age was 37 years old. For every 100 females, there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income in the county was $43,603 for a household and $58,631 and for a family. The county’s per capita income was $26,263. About 10.3% of families, 19.4% of those under age 18, and 9.3% of those age 65 or over, and 13.1% of the population as a whole was living below the poverty line.

Transportation

Airports

Cuyahoga County is served by international, regional and county airports, including:

  • Cuyahoga County Airport
  • Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (Cleveland)
  • Cleveland Burke Lakefront Airport (Cleveland)

Major highways

  • I-71.svg Interstate 71
  • I-271.svg Interstate 271
  • I-77.svg Interstate 77
  • I-80.svg OhioTurnpike.svg Interstate 80 / Ohio Turnpike
  • I-480.svg Interstate 480
  • I-90.svg Interstate 90
  • I-490.svg Interstate 490
  • US 6.svg U.S. Route 6
  • US 20.svg U.S. Route 20
  • US 42.svg U.S. Route 42
  • US 322.svg U.S. Route 322
  • US 422.svg U.S. Route 422

Rail

Cuyahoga County receives intercity passenger service by Amtrak by way of Lakefront Station in Cleveland, with destinations such as Chicago, New York, Boston, Washington, DC and many more.

The Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad offers scenic excursion service through the Cuyahoga Valley National Park by way of their Rockside Station in Independence.

Freight rail service is provided by Norfolk Southern, CSX Transportation, Wheeling and Lake Erie Railroad, Cleveland Commercial Railroad and several other small companies. Norfolk Southern has the largest presence in the county, operating three different lines and several terminal yards.

Public Transportation

The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority, better known as RTA, provides public transportation to Cuyahoga county through a combination of Conventional Bus, Bus Rapid Transit and Rail Transit services as well as on demand services. Several other out of county agencies also serve Cutahoga County, mostly through downtown Cleveland.

Greyhound, Baron's Bus Lines and Megabus all provide public transportation beyond Cuyahoga County to destinations across the United States.

Recreation

Cuyahoga County is served by the Cleveland Metroparks system. Its 16 reservations provide more than 21,000 acres (8,500 ha) of green space and recreational amenities. The county is home to part of Cuyahoga Valley National Park, which extends southward into Summit County.

Culture

Theaters

Classical Music

Museums

Retail

Cuyahoga County has many options for shopping. Some of the well known shopping areas include:

Communities

Map of Cuyahoga County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Cuyahoga County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

Education

Colleges and universities

Cuyahoga County is home to a number of higher-education institutions, including:

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