Cuyahoga County, Ohio facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Cuyahoga County, Ohio
Map
Map of Ohio highlighting Cuyahoga County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the USA highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded May 1, 1810
Seat Cleveland
Largest City Cleveland
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,246 sq mi (3,227 km²)
457 sq mi (1,184 km²)
788 sq mi (2,041 km²), 63%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

1,255,921
2,800/sq mi (1,081/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.cuyahogacounty.us
Named for: "crooked river" possibly in Algonquian

Cuyahoga County (/ˌk.əˈhɒɡə/ or /ˌk.əˈhɡə/ KY-ə-HOG or KY-ə-HOH-gə) is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,280,122, making it the most populous county in Ohio. Its county seat is Cleveland. In 2014, the county's estimated population was 1,259,828. The county is named after the Iroquoian word Cuyahoga, which means 'crooked river'. The name is also assigned to the Cuyahoga River, which bisects the county.

Cuyahoga County is included in the Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Former U.S. President James A. Garfield was born in what was Cuyahoga County's Orange Township.

History

Titus1874Cuyahoga
Cuyahoga County in 1874

After the discovery of the New World, the land that became Cuyahoga County was originally part of the French colony of Canada (New France), which was ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed Province of Quebec. In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory, then was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795.

Cuyahoga County was created on June 7, 1807 and organized on May 1, 1810. It was later reduced by the creation of Huron, Lake, and Lorain Counties. It was named after the Cuyahoga River.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,246 square miles (3,230 km2), of which 457 square miles (1,180 km2) is land and 788 square miles (2,040 km2) (63%) is water. It is the second-largest county in Ohio by total area. A portion of Cuyahoga Valley National Park is located in the southeastern portion of the county.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,459
1820 6,328 333.7%
1830 10,373 63.9%
1840 26,506 155.5%
1850 48,099 81.5%
1860 78,033 62.2%
1870 132,010 69.2%
1880 196,943 49.2%
1890 309,970 57.4%
1900 439,120 41.7%
1910 637,425 45.2%
1920 943,495 48.0%
1930 1,201,455 27.3%
1940 1,217,250 1.3%
1950 1,389,532 14.2%
1960 1,647,895 18.6%
1970 1,721,300 4.5%
1980 1,498,400 −12.9%
1990 1,412,140 −5.8%
2000 1,393,978 −1.3%
2010 1,280,122 −8.2%
Est. 2016 1,249,352 −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013
USA Cuyahoga County, Ohio age pyramid
Cuyahoga County population (Source: United States Census, 2000)

2000 census

Largest ancestries (2000) Percent
German Germany 16.3%
Irish Republic of Ireland 12.3%
Italian Italy 9.0%
Polish Poland 8.6%
English England 5.9%
Slovak Slovakia 3.7%

As of the 2010 Census, there were 1,280,122 people, 571,457 households, and 319,996 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,800 people per square mile (1,081/km²). There were 621,763 housing units at an average density of 1,346 per square mile (520/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 63.6% White, 29.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.6% Asian (0.9% Indian, 0.7% Chinese, 0.3% Filipino, 0.2% Korean, 0.2% Vietnamese, 0.1% Japanese), 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. 4.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race (3.1% Puerto Rican, 0.7% Mexican, 0.1% Dominican, 0.1% Guatemalan). 16.5% were of German, 12.8% Irish, 8.8% Italian, 8.1% Polish, 5.9% English, 3.7% Slovak and 3.1% Hungarian, ancestries.

There are also sizable numbers of Russians (1.7%), French, (1.4%), Arabs (1.4%), Ukrainians (1.2%), (1.1%), and Greeks (0.7%). 88.4% spoke English, 3.7% Spanish, and 4.9% some other Indo-European language. 7.3% of the population were foreign-born (of which 44.4% were born in Europe, 36.3% Asia, and 12.1% Latin America).

There were 571,457 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.40% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.90% were non-families. 32.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 89.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,603, and the median income for a family was $58,631. The per capita income for the county was $26,263. About 10.30% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.40% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

Largest ancestries (2010) Percent
German Germany 17.4%
Irish Republic of Ireland 13.0%
Italian Italy 9.2%
Polish Poland 8.6%
English England 6.3%
Slovak Slovakia 3.3%

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,280,122 people, 545,056 households, and 319,996 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,800.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,081.1/km2). There were 621,763 housing units at an average density of 1,360.0 per square mile (525.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 63.6% white, 29.7% black or African American, 2.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.8% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.4% were German, 13.0% were Irish, 9.2% were Italian, 8.6% were Polish, 6.3% were English, and 2.8% were American.

Of the 545,056 households, 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.3% were non-families, and 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 40.2 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,603 and the median income for a family was $58,064. Males had a median income of $47,182 versus $36,683 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,263. About 12.4% of families and 16.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.7% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Airports

Cuyahoga County is served by international, regional and county airports, including:

  • Cuyahoga County Airport
  • Cleveland Hopkins International Airport (Cleveland)
  • Cleveland Burke Lakefront Airport (Cleveland)

Major highways

  • I-71.svg Interstate 71
  • I-271.svg Interstate 271
  • I-77.svg Interstate 77
  • I-80.svg OhioTurnpike.svg Interstate 80 / Ohio Turnpike
  • I-480.svg Interstate 480
  • I-90.svg Interstate 90
  • I-490.svg Interstate 490
  • US 6.svg U.S. Route 6
  • US 20.svg U.S. Route 20
  • US 42.svg U.S. Route 42
  • US 322.svg U.S. Route 322
  • US 422.svg U.S. Route 422

Rail

Cuyahoga County receives intercity passenger service by Amtrak by way of Lakefront Station in Cleveland, with destinations such as Chicago, New York, Boston, Washington, DC and many more.

The Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad offers scenic excursion service through the Cuyahoga Valley National Park by way of their Rockside Station in Independence.

Freight rail service is provided by Norfolk Southern, CSX Transportation, Wheeling and Lake Erie Railroad, Cleveland Commercial Railroad and several other small companies. Norfolk Southern has the largest presence in the county, operating three different lines and several terminal yards.

Public Transportation

The Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority, better known as RTA, provides public transportation to Cuyahoga county through a combination of Conventional Bus, Bus Rapid Transit and Rail Transit services as well as on demand services. Several other out of county agencies also serve Cutahoga County, mostly through downtown Cleveland.

Greyhound, Baron's Bus Lines and Megabus all provide public transportation beyond Cuyahoga County to destinations across the United States.

Recreation

Cuyahoga County is served by the Cleveland Metroparks system. Its 16 reservations provide more than 21,000 acres (8,500 ha) of green space and recreational amenities. The county is home to part of Cuyahoga Valley National Park, which extends southward into Summit County.

Culture

Theaters

Classical Music

Museums

  • Cleveland Museum of Art
  • Museum of Contemporary Art Cleveland
  • Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
  • Cleveland Museum of Natural History
  • Maltz Museum of Jewish Heritage Beachwood
  • Great Lakes Science Museum Cleveland
  • International Women Air & Space Museum Cleveland

Retail

Cuyahoga County has many options for shopping. Some of the well known shopping areas include:

  • In Strongsville, SouthPark Mall: stores include Dillard's, Macy's, Aldo, Banana Republic, Chico's, Forever 21, H&M, Swarovski, Williams-Sonoma.
  • In Beachwood, Beachwood Place: stores include Saks Fifth Avenue, Nordstrom, Dillard's, Coach, True Religion, Lacoste, H&M, Michael Kors.
  • In Woodmere, Eton Square: stores include Anthropologie, Apple Store, Brooks Brothers, Tiffany & Co., The North Face, Orvis, Sur La Table.
  • In Lyndhurst, Legacy Village: stores include Z Gallery, Crate & Barrel, Arhaus Furniture, Ethan Allen, Restoration Hardware, Nordstrom Rack, The Cheesecake Factory.
  • In Westlake, Crocker Park: stores include Apple Store, Banana Republic, Nordstrom Rack, Guess, Lucky Brand Jeans, Arhaus Furniture.
  • In North Olmsted, Great Northern Mall & Great Northern Plazas: stores include Dillard's, Macy's, Dicks Sporting Goods, Bed Bath & Beyond, JC Penney, Chico's, Forever 21, H&M, Best Buy, Pets Mart, Home Depot, Marcs Grocery, K&G, Jo-Ann Fabrics, Pier 1 Imports, Five Below, DSW, Ulta Beauty, Burlington Coat Factory.

Communities

Map of Cuyahoga County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Cuyahoga County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Townships


Cuyahoga County, Ohio Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.