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Geauga County, Ohio facts for kids

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Geauga County
Geauga County Courthouse
Geauga County Courthouse
Official seal of Geauga County
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Geauga County
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Ohio
Founded March 1, 1806
Named for an Iroquoian word for "raccoon"
Seat Chardon
Largest city Chardon
Area
 • Total 408 sq mi (1,060 km2)
 • Land 400 sq mi (1,000 km2)
 • Water 8.1 sq mi (21 km2)  2.0%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 95,397
 • Density 233.82/sq mi (90.28/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 14th

Geauga County ( jee-AW-gə) is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 95,397. The county seat is Chardon. The county is named for an Onondaga or Seneca language word meaning 'raccoon', originally the name of the Grand River.

Geauga County is part of the Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. In 2008, Forbes Magazine ranked Geauga County as the fourth best place in the United States to raise a family.

About 20% of the county's population is Amish, as of 2017.

History

Geauga County is named after the Onondaga word jyo’ä·gak or Seneca jo’ä·ka, both meaning 'raccoon' (originally the name of the Grand River).

After the discovery of the New World, the land that became Geauga County was originally part of the French colony of Canada (New France), which was ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed Province of Quebec. In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory, and then was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795.

Geauga County was founded on March 1, 1806 as the second county in the Connecticut Western Reserve, originating from Trumbull County, Ohio. In 1808, the size of Geauga County was reduced by the creation of Ashtabula County, Cuyahoga County, and Lake County.

The present-day boundaries were established in 1840 following the creation of Lake County. A disagreement about the location of the county seat began in 1808 when commissioners from Trumbull County began the process of identifying the seat of justice. Residents in the northern townships wanted the seat in Champion, renamed Painesville, Ohio in 1832. Residents in southern townships desired a centrally located county seat and took advantage of a tract of land donated by Peter Chardon Brooks called Chardon, Ohio. Despite Chardon being selected in 1809, the argument was never really settled. Over the next two decades, population growth in the seven northern townships exceeded the remaining sixteen southern townships, further fueling the disagreement. On January 21, 1840, a petition to create Lake County from seven townships in northern Geauga County and Willoughby Township from Cuyahoga County were presented to the Ohio House of Representatives. Seabury Ford presented petitions against its creation. Lake County was established in March 1840 by the Ohio state legislature. As the newly formed Lake County did not have sufficient territory to meet the requirements for a county, the northern border included submerged land beneath the waters of Lake Erie.

The first settlement in Geauga was at Burton, Ohio in the year 1798, when three families settled there from Connecticut.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 408 square miles (1,060 km2), of which 400 square miles (1,000 km2) is land and 8.1 square miles (21 km2) (2.0%) is water.

Geauga County receives the most precipitation of any county in northern Ohio, with most of the county receiving over 42 inches annually in an average year, and some parts exceeding 44 inches.

Drainage system

The geography of Geauga County was radically changed by Illinoian and Wisconsinan glaciation, which is evident in the deranged drainage system, landscape change, and glacial till. The headwaters of three watercourses in the Lake Erie basin are in Geauga County. These include the Cuyahoga River, Chagrin River, and Grand River. Portions of all three are designated Ohio Scenic Rivers.

Point sources of the east branch of the Cuyahoga River are in Hambden Township, Claridon Township, and Burton Township,. The point source of the west branch of the Cuyahoga River is near the intersection of Pond and Rapids Roads in Burton Township.

The point sources of the east branch of the Chagrin River are at Bass Lake in Munson Township and the southwest corner of the City of Chardon. McFarland Creek in Bainbridge Township, sometimes referred to as Chagrin Falls because of the postal zip code, is a tributary of the Aurora branch of the Chagrin River.

Point sources of the Grand River are in Parkman Township, Troy Township, and Swine Creek in Middlefield Township.

While the majority of waterways in Geauga County are part of the Lake Erie watershed, the Silver Creek in Troy Township is a tributary to the west branch of the Mahoning River, part of the Ohio River watershed, the largest tributary to the Mississippi River. There is another Silver Creek in Geauga County in Russell Township, which is a tributary to the east branch of the Chagrin River.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,917
1820 7,791 167.1%
1830 15,813 103.0%
1840 16,297 3.1%
1850 17,827 9.4%
1860 15,817 −11.3%
1870 14,190 −10.3%
1880 14,251 0.4%
1890 13,489 −5.3%
1900 14,744 9.3%
1910 14,670 −0.5%
1920 15,036 2.5%
1930 15,414 2.5%
1940 19,430 26.1%
1950 26,646 37.1%
1960 47,573 78.5%
1970 62,977 32.4%
1980 74,474 18.3%
1990 81,129 8.9%
2000 90,895 12.0%
2010 93,389 2.7%
2020 95,397 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 93,389 people, 34,264 households, and 25,654 families residing in the county. The population density was 233.4 inhabitants per square mile (90.1/km2). There were 36,574 housing units at an average density of 91.4 per square mile (35.3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.9% white, 1.3% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.4% were German, 17.1% were Irish, 13.8% were Italian, 13.8% were English, 8.3% were Polish, 5.5% were Hungarian, and 3.6% were American.

Of the 34,264 households, 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.8% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.1% were non-families, and 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.16. The median age was 43.3 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $89,663 and the median income for a family was $101,780. Males had a median income of $94,863 versus $40,565 for females. The per capita income for the county was $32,735. About 5.0% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.8% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

Amish settlement

There is a large Amish community founded in 1886 in Geauga County. It is the fourth largest of all Amish settlements with 18,650 people in 132 congregations in 2017. In 2017 the Amish accounted for 19.8% of Geauga County's population.

Transportation

U.S. highways

  • US 6.svg U.S. Route 6 Grand Army of the Republic Highway honoring American Civil War Veterans
  • US 322.svg U.S. Route 322
  • US 422.svg U.S. Route 422

State highways

  • OH-43.svg State Route 43
  • OH-44.svg State Route 44
  • OH-86.svg State Route 86
  • OH-87.svg State Route 87
  • OH-88.svg State Route 88
  • OH-166.svg State Route 166
  • OH-168.svg State Route 168
  • OH-306.svg State Route 306
  • OH-528.svg State Route 528
  • OH-608.svg State Route 608
  • OH-700.svg State Route 700

An official Geauga County Road Map

Public transportation

The mostly rural nature of Geauga County limits the feasibility of a fixed-route transit system. Instead, Geauga County Transit offers a demand-responsive door-to-door transit system within the county with some out-of-county service. As of 2015, one-way fares for door-to-door service were $6.00, with 50% discounts for the elderly, disabled, or children 6 years to 17 years old. Children 5-years and younger are free. Out-of-county fares are two times the posted in-county fares. Service is provided 6:00 AM to 9:00 PM Monday through Friday. Reservations are suggested with at least three days notice, but can be made up to one week in advance.

Airports

Geauga County is home to one public airport in Middlefield, Ohio. The Geauga County Airport call sign is 7G8. It is home to Experimental Aircraft Association Chapter 5.

The Geauga County Airport sits on 41 acres purchased by the Middlefield Chamber of Commerce and donated to Geauga County. Ground was broken August 31, 1967 and it was officially opened September 29, 1968. The airport has one 3500' long by 65' wide runway. Runway numbers are 11 on the west end and 29 on the east end. There are two T-hangars, one private hangar, two community hangars, a pilot lounge and restroom facility.

Education

Public school districts

Geauga County is home to six public school districts as illustrated in this list of school districts in Ohio.

The Geauga County Educational Service Center provides collaborative programs and services for the seven local school districts in Geauga County, leveraging resources to reduce overall costs to each district. The ESC has formed a P-16 bridge initiative whose mission is to create workforce readiness in our youth and adults through substantive partnerships between educators, businesses, community organizations, parents focusing on important transitions experienced at each level. Geauga County P-16 will develop a sustainable process and program to insure its continued success.

District Location Communities served
Berkshire Local School District Burton, Ohio Burton Township, Burton Village, most of Claridon Township, Troy Township, Welshfield, Montville and Thompson Townships
Cardinal Local School District Middlefield, Ohio Huntsburg Township, Middlefield Township, Middlefield Village, Parkman Township, small part of Mespotamia (Trumbull County)
Chardon Local School District Chardon, Ohio Aquilla Village, Chardon City, Chardon Township, part of Claridon Township, Hambden Township, most of Munson Township, very small part of Concord Township (Lake County)
Kenston Local School District Bainbridge Township, Ohio Auburn Township, most of Bainbridge Township
West Geauga County Local School District Chester Township, Ohio Chester Township, Chesterland, Newbury Township, a small part of Hunting Valley, a part of Munson Township, and an unincorporated part of Russell Township
Geaugacountyfix
Map of public school districts in Geauga County with township boundaries superimposed.

In addition, there are five neighboring public school districts that serve portions of Geauga County residents.

District Location Communities served in Geauga County
Chagrin Falls Exempted Village School District Chagrin Falls, Ohio and South Russell, Ohio South Russell Village; small parts of Bainbridge and Russell Townships
Kirtland Local School District Kirtland, Ohio small part of Chardon Township
Madison Local School District Madison, Ohio small part of Thompson Township
Mentor Exempted Village School District Mentor, Ohio small part of Chardon Township
Riverside Local School District Painesville, Ohio small part of Chardon Township

Joint Vocational School District

Taxpayers in six of the seven school districts in Geauga County support a Joint Vocational School District (JVSD) at the Auburn Career Center in Concord Township, Ohio. The career center offers a variety of programs in health, education, and hands-on technology.

Private and parochial schools

Geauga County is home to eight private, parochial, and/or specialized schools.

District Location Communities served
Agape Christian Academy Burton Township, Ohio and Troy Township, Ohio Accepts applications prior to the start of each school year
Hawken School Gates Mills, Ohio College preparatory day school: online application, site visit and testing
Hershey Montessori School Huntsburg Township, Ohio Co-ed school and boarding community serving students in 7th-12th grade. Chartered by Ohio Department of Education. New applications accepted year round.
Notre Dame-Cathedral Latin Munson Township, Ohio Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland: open to 8th grade students who have attended a Catholic elementary school and others who have not
Solon/Bainbridge Montessori School of Languages Bainbridge Township, Ohio nonsectarian Montessori School: quarterly enrollment periods
Saint Anselm School Chester Township, Ohio Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland K - 8th grade; preschool
Saint Helen's School Newbury, Ohio Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland K - 8th grade; parishioners and non-parishioners
Saint Mary's School Chardon, Ohio Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland preschool - 8th grade; parishioners and non-parishioners
Laurel School Butler Campus Russell Township, Ohio Private K-12 Girls Only School, College Preparatory

Higher education

Geauga County has one institution of higher learning:

Government

Congressional representation

U.S. representation

Seal of the United States House of Representatives.svg Ohio's 14th Congressional District

Seal of the United States Senate.svg U.S. Senate

State representation

Seal of the Ohio House of Representatives.svg 76th Ohio House District - Official Web site: http://www.house.state.oh.us/sarah-latourette

Seal of the Ohio House of Representatives.svg 99th Ohio House District - Official Web site: http://www.house.state.oh.us/john-patterson

Seal of the Ohio Senate.svg 18th Ohio Senate District - Official Web site: http://www.ohiosenate.gov/senators/eklund

Seal of the Ohio Senate.svg 32nd Ohio Senate District - Official Web site: http://www.ohiosenate.gov/senators/obrien

Judiciary

US-CourtOfAppeals-6thCircuit-Seal.png U.S. 6th Circuit Court of Appeals - Official Web site: http://www.ca6.uscourts.gov/internet/default.html

Ohio 11th District Courts of Appeals - Official Web site: http://www.11thcourt.co.trumbull.oh.us/

Communities

Map of Geauga County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels
Map of Geauga County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

City

Villages

Townships

  • Auburn
  • Bainbridge
  • Burton
  • Chardon
  • Chester
  • Claridon
  • Hambden
  • Huntsburg
  • Middlefield
  • Montville
  • Munson
  • Newbury
  • Parkman
  • Russell (Novelty)
  • Thompson
  • Troy

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Notable people

Athletes

  • Andrew Brown, professional baseball pitcher
  • Mel Harder, professional baseball pitcher for the Cleveland Indians
  • Matt Hutter, NASCAR driver
  • Leroy Kemp, collegiate and Olympian wrestler
  • Tom Kipp, international professional motorcycle racing champion

Musical artists and groups

  • Midnight Syndicate, a Gothic rock band
  • John Popper, frontman for rock band Blues Traveler
  • The Chardon Polka Band, a Cleveland-Style polka band
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