Solon, Ohio facts for kids

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Solon, Ohio
City
Solon City Hall
Solon City Hall
Location in Cuyahoga County and the state of Ohio.
Location in Cuyahoga County and the state of Ohio.
Location of Ohio in the United States
Location of Ohio in the United States
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga
Area
 • Total 20.49 sq mi (53.07 km2)
 • Land 20.36 sq mi (52.73 km2)
 • Water 0.13 sq mi (0.34 km2)
Elevation 1,040 ft (317 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 23,348
 • Estimate (2012) 23,160
 • Density 1,146.8/sq mi (442.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44139
Area code(s) 440
FIPS code 39-72928
GNIS feature ID 1046426
Website http://www.solonohio.org/

Solon (SOH-lin) is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States, and is a suburb of Cleveland. It is part of Northeast Ohio's combined Cleveland-Akron-Canton metropolitan area, the 15th-largest Combined Statistical Area in the country. According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2012, the city population was estimated at 23,160.

The city has been recognized by Money in its list of "Best Places to Live" multiple times, placing 23rd in 2009, 3rd in 2011, and 10th in 2015. The city has been rated as one of the safest in Ohio, has a highly rated public school system, and was ranked as one of the "best places to raise kids" by Bloomberg Businessweek.

Solon has a strong economy and in 2013 and 2014 was granted a Google eCity award, recognizing it as the city with the strongest online business community in Ohio.

History

SolonHS2
Solon High School

In 1820, the first settlers arrived from Connecticut to live in part of the Connecticut Western Reserve. The township was named after Lorenzo Solon Bull, who was the son of Isaac Bull, one of the first settlers. Purportedly, the selection of young Lorenzo's middle name was due to its derivation from the "father of democracy", Solon, the famous Athenian lawmaker of Ancient Greece.

The early settlers faced challenges common to pioneers, but in Solon, drainage and wetlands issues complicated settlement and agriculture. Overcoming these obstacles, Solon Township became an arable farming area, producing corn and wheat crops and supporting dairy farms (including five cheese factories). By 1850, the population of Solon Township reached 1,034.

Because of nearby Cleveland's position as a national hub of the railroad industry, rail also contributed greatly to Solon's growth. In 1857, the Cleveland-Youngstown section of the Cleveland and Mahoning Railroad established a line running through Solon.

Laid out in a traditional New England plan, Solon, like many of the neighboring townships, established a public square in its town center. In conjunction with townships to the north, a north-south corridor was established through the town centers of Solon, Orange, and Mayfield townships (from south to north, respectively) and, accordingly, was named SOM Center Road (now Ohio 91). Solon Township included the current municipalities of the City of Solon and the villages of Bentleyville and Glenwillow. In 1917, Solon was incorporated as a village and later became a city in 1961, operated under the mayor-council form of government.

Solon was one of the first cities to use a comprehensive zoning plan and has been able to achieve a strong industrial base, while insulating its bedroom communities from industrial activities. Further, the city has primarily concentrated its commercial and retail districts in the town center, making them convenient to all residents. In addition to its planned use for corporate and residential areas, Solon has 687 acres (2.78 km2) of city parks and recreational area, 360 acres (1.5 km2) of Cleveland Metroparks (the South Chagrin Reservation) and three golf courses within its borders.

In 1991, the extension of a divided highway, US 422, was completed as an east-west corridor just north of its town center. US 422 enables easy access to many points throughout Northeast Ohio, providing a corridor extending from Cleveland through Solon and beyond Warren into Pennsylvania.

Geography

Weather chart for Solon
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temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

Solon is at 41°23′24″N 81°26′32″W / 41.39°N 81.44222°W / 41.39; -81.44222 (41.389871, -81.442330).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.49 square miles (53.07 km2), of which 20.36 square miles (52.73 km2) is land and 0.13 square miles (0.34 km2) is water.

Climate

Like other Great Lakes region cities, Solon lies in a humid continental climate zone (Köppen Dfa) and has four distinct seasons, from hot summers to cold and snowy winters. The highest recorded temperature in the city was 101 °F in 1918, and the lowest -25 °F in 1994.

Solon experiences relatively high precipitation (an average of 42.78 inches annually) due to lake effect and its presence on the western end of the North American snowbelt.

Surrounding communities

Solon is 18 miles (29 km) from Cleveland in the southeastern corner of Cuyahoga County, adjacent to three other counties: Geauga, Portage and Summit (listed here clockwise from east to south). The city is bordered by Moreland Hills, Chagrin Falls, Bainbridge, Reminderville, Twinsburg, Glenwillow, Bedford Heights, and Orange (as shown in the graphic below).

Despite their similar names, Solon is not adjacent to South Solon, Ohio, a village located in Madison County in Central Ohio, approximately 35 miles west of Columbus. The two "Solons" are approximately 170 miles apart.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 887
1930 1,027 15.8%
1940 1,508 46.8%
1950 2,570 70.4%
1960 6,333 146.4%
1970 11,519 81.9%
1980 13,950 21.1%
1990 18,548 33.0%
2000 21,802 17.5%
2010 23,348 7.1%
Est. 2015 23,043 −1.3%
Sources:

As of 2010, the median income for a household in the city was $96,965, and the median income for a family was $112,156. The per capita income for the city was $47,505. About 2.0% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line.

Of the city's population over age 25, 57.0% hold a bachelor's degree or higher.

90.8% spoke English, 1.9% Russian, 1.4% Chinese, 1.1% Spanish, and 0.8% German.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 23,348 people, 8,352 households, and 6,769 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,146.8 inhabitants per square mile (442.8/km2). There were 8,765 housing units at an average density of 430.5 per square mile (166.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.5% White, 10.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 10.0% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 8,352 households, of which 41.5% had children under age 18 living with them, 68.7% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 19.0% were non-families. 16.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.13.

The median age in the city was 43.1 years. 27.8% of residents were under 18; 5.2% were between 18 and 24; 20.3% were from 25 to 44; 34.3% were from 45 to 64; and 12.4% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

Culture

OldSolonCityHall
The Solon Center for the Arts is located in the historic Old City Hall, which has also over the years served as a school, library, and police and fire station.

Performing arts

Solon is home to an active performing arts community. The Solon Center for the Arts offers classes in art, music, dance, and theater. The center holds a program for seniors entitled "Act II: Aging Creatively through the Arts," for those over 55 interested in theater or music.

The city is also home to the Solon Philharmonic Orchestra, and hosts an annual Young Artists Concerto Competition.


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