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Euclid, Ohio
City of Euclid
Old City Hall of Euclid, faced with Euclid bluestone.
Old City Hall of Euclid, faced with Euclid bluestone.
Flag
Location in Cuyahoga County and the state of Ohio
Location in Cuyahoga County and the state of Ohio
Location of Ohio in the United States
Location of Ohio in the United States
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga
Founded 1796
Incorporated 1903 (village)
  1930 (city)
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
Area
 • Total 11.48 sq mi (29.74 km2)
 • Land 10.65 sq mi (27.58 km2)
 • Water 0.83 sq mi (2.15 km2)
Elevation
617 ft (188 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 49,692
 • Density 4,665.92/sq mi (1,801.74/km2)
Demonym(s) Euclidean
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip Code
44117, 44119, 44123, 44132, 44143
Area code(s) 216
FIPS code 39-25704
GNIS feature ID 1072210

Euclid is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. It is an inner ring suburb of Cleveland. As of the 2020 census, the city had a total population of 49,692.

History

The city was named after Euclid, the Greek mathematician. The city was settled in 1796 and became a township in 1809. Euclid then became a village in 1903 and a city in 1930, during the Great Depression.

Geography

Euclid is located at 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W / 41.59556; -81.51917 (41.595563, -81.519176).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.48 square miles (29.73 km2), of which 10.63 square miles (27.53 km2) is land and 0.85 square miles (2.20 km2) is water. It on the shore of Lake Erie, therefore contains an area of beach front along its north edge.

Bordering Euclid are Cleveland on the west, South Euclid and Richmond Heights on the south, Willowick, Wickliffe, and Willoughby Hills on the east, and Lake Erie on the north.

It is part of the Lake Erie Snowbelt region, prone to snow squalls blowing off Lake Erie, particularly before the lake freezes over in winter.

City facts

The Charter is: Mayor and Council - eight councillors and one council president.

Its assessed valuation is $825,325,160. There are 150 companies in the city.

Transportation

  • Euclid is situated near the junction of Interstate 90, Interstate 271 and Ohio Route 2, giving easy access by car to downtown Cleveland, Lake County, and most of the East suburbs.
  • Major east-west thoroughfares include Lake Shore Blvd. (SR 283), Lakeland Freeway (I-90/SR2), St. Clair Avenue, Euclid Avenue (US 20), and Chardon Road (US 6). North–south routes include East 185th Street (aka "Old World Plaza"), East 200, East 222, Babbitt Road, East 260th/Richmond Road (SR 175), Highland Road and Lloyd Road.
  • GCRTA bus routes serving Euclid include the #39 (Lakeshore), #239 (Euclid Park & Ride), #1 (St. Clair), #28 (Euclid Avenue), #37 (E. 185 / Taylor), #34 (E. 200 / Green), and #94 (E. 260/Richmond). Several of these routes were originally operated by the now-defunct Euclid Transit System, whose operations merged with the GCRTA during the late 1970s.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,953
1920 3,363 72.2%
1930 12,751 279.2%
1940 17,866 40.1%
1950 41,396 131.7%
1960 62,998 52.2%
1970 71,552 13.6%
1980 59,999 −16.1%
1990 54,875 −8.5%
2000 52,717 −3.9%
2010 48,920 −7.2%
2020 49,692 1.6%
Sources:

91.8% spoke English, 1.8% Spanish, 1.3% Croatian, 1.2% Slovene, and 0.62% Italian as their first language.

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 48,920 people, 22,685 households, and 12,187 families living in the city. The population density was 4,602.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,776.9/km2). There were 26,037 housing units at an average density of 2,449.4 per square mile (945.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 43.8% White, 52.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 22,685 households, of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.4% were married couples living together, 20.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.3% were non-families. 41.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 61 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 28.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.8% male and 55.2% female.

Notable people

  • Mike Adamle, born in Euclid; television personality and former National Football League player, co-host of American Gladiators
  • Jacob M. Appel, author, wrote "Paracosmos" while living in Euclid
  • Jessica Beard, born in Euclid; sprinter, gold medalist in world championships
  • Laura Bell Bundy, actress and singer who has performed in a number of Broadway roles, both starring and supporting, as well as in television and film
  • Charles F. Brush, born in Euclid; engineer, inventor, entrepreneur, and philanthropist.
  • Philander Chase, founder of Kenyon College Bishop of Ohio and Illinois, Sixth Presiding Bishop of the National Episcopal church
  • Richard Cowan, opera singer
  • Mary Jo Kilroy, former congresswoman, born in Euclid
  • Rayshaun Kizer, football player
  • Marie McMillin, World Record Parachutist and former WAC Rigger, died in Euclid in 1954
  • Nathan Meeker, journalist
  • Stipe Miocic, mixed martial artist in the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC); four-time UFC heavyweight champion
  • Laura Owens, artist
  • Monica Potter, actress, known for films; appeared in NBC series Parenthood, for which she was nominated for a Golden Globe Award
  • Hollis Resnik, actress known for Backdraft (1991), The Settlers III (1998) and Little Big Top (2006)
  • Delvon Roe, actor, played Isaac in Love and Honor, sold at 2012 Cannes Film Festival; retired basketball player who played at Michigan State University
  • Eric Singer, hard rock and heavy metal drummer for the rock band Kiss and formerly for singer Alice Cooper
  • Robert Smith, football player and television commentator
  • Amy Stoch, actress and academic, reached semifinals of spokesmodel category on television's Star Search
  • Jerry Tarkanian, known as "Tark the Shark," among most successful coaches in college basketball history, coached UNLV to 1990 NCAA championship
  • Brett Tomko, Major League Baseball player, pitcher with 100 career victories
  • Sunita Williams, American astronaut (with Slovenian and Indian roots), formerly held the record for longest single space flight by a woman (195 days)
  • Roger Zelazny, author
  • Jerome Zerbe, stunt photographer, born in Euclid

Transportation

  • Euclid is situated near the junction of Interstate 90, Interstate 271 and Ohio Route 2, giving easy access by car to downtown Cleveland, Lake County, and most of the East suburbs.
  • Major east-west thoroughfares include Lake Shore Blvd. (SR 283), Lakeland Freeway (I-90/SR2), St. Clair Avenue, Euclid Avenue (US 20), and Chardon Road (US 6). North-south routes include East 185th Street (aka "Old World Plaza"), East 200, East 222, Babbitt Road, East 260th/Richmond Road (SR 175), Highland Road and Lloyd Road.
  • GCRTA bus routes serving Euclid include the #39 (Lakeshore), #239 (Euclid Park & Ride), #1 (St. Clair), #28 (Euclid Avenue), #37 (E. 185 / Taylor), #34 (E. 200 / Green), and #94 (E. 260/Richmond). Several of these routes were originally operated by the now-defunct Euclid Transit System, whose operations merged with the GCRTA during the late 1970s.

Ethnic groups

Euclid is home to a variety of ethnic groups. One of the largest is the city's historic Slovene population. There are a number of streets in Euclid that commemorate the Slovenian influence on Euclid, including Recher, Mavec, Drenik, Grdina, Trebec, Mozina, Kapel, and Ljubljana. Today, Euclid's largest ethnic population is African American, while also containing sizeable populations of Croats, Irish and Italian communities.

Education

Euclid City Schools is the local school district. Euclid High School is the local public high school.

There was previously a Catholic school of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cleveland, St. Robert Bellarmine School. It closed in 2008, and that year it only had 136 students.

Our Lady of the Lake, a Roman Catholic middle school and church, is located on Lakeshore Boulevard.

Saints Robert and William Catholic School, also a Roman Catholic middle school and church, is located on East 260th Street.

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