South Euclid, Ohio facts for kids
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South Euclid, Ohio
Euclid Creek as it flows through the Cleveland Metroparks reservation, part of which was once the site of South Euclid's bluestone quarries.
Location of Ohio in the United States
|Euclid Township formed||1809|
|• Total||4.65 sq mi (12.04 km2)|
|• Land||4.65 sq mi (12.04 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||958 ft (292 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Density||4,794.6/sq mi (1,851.2/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1049189|
Acting approximately as a central point for the east side of the Greater Cleveland area, South Euclid is bordered by Cleveland, Cleveland Heights, University Heights, Beachwood, Lyndhurst, Richmond Heights, and Euclid.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.65 square miles (12.04 km2), all of it land.
The land currently comprising South Euclid was part of the Western Reserve, obtained via treaty with the Iroquois confederation in 1796 by the Connecticut Land Company. In 1797, Moses Cleaveland named the area east of the Cuyahoga River Euclid, after the Greek mathematician and "patron saint" of surveyors. Euclid Township was officially formed in 1809. In 1828, Euclid Township was divided into nine districts, with South Euclid becoming district two.
The earliest industry was farming. But, by the 1860s, quarrying of the area's rich Bluestone deposits replaced agriculture as the town's economic mainstay. Two separate locations – one along Nine Mile Creek near present-day Quarry Park at South Belvoir and Monticello Boulevards, and the other along what is today part of the Euclid Creek reservation – were consolidated by Forest City Stone Company in the 1870s, creating one of the region's largest producers of the stone. By the end of the 19th century, the northern section of the town had become known as Bluestone village.
Residents of South Euclid eventually wanted autonomy from the larger Euclid Township, and voted on October 13, 1917, to be incorporated as a village, with Edward C. Foote being elected the first mayor a few weeks on November 6. At the same time, with the decline of the Bluestone industry brought on by improvements to poured concrete, Bluestone village was absorbed into South Euclid.
South Euclid's rapid economic and population growth continued in the early decades of the 20th Century, partly driven by industry in nearby Cleveland. Due in part to funding by the WPA, which helped keep people employed through the Great Depression, the village continued to grow and was officially incorporated as a city in 1941.
Population growth, which tapered during the Depression era, skyrocketed during the postwar period, driven by both the baby boom and white flight from the urban center of Cleveland. South Euclid's population peaked in the early 1970s. By 1980, lacking large tracts of available land for development, and with a population shift to exurban communities, the population of South Euclid began to shrink.
Like Cleveland Heights to the west and University Heights to the south, South Euclid is racially integrated. A large portion of the city's population consists of African-Americans, Italian-Americans, Jews, and immigrants from Russia and other former Soviet republics.
According to the 2010 Census, 89.9% of South Euclid's residents spoke English, 3.2% Russian, 1.7% Spanish, 1.2% Italian, and 1.0% Yiddish as their first language.
The median income for a household in the city was $59,423, and the median income for a family was $72,340. The per capita income for the city was $27,343. About 6.7% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
Of the city's population over the age of 25, 37.9% hold a bachelor's degree or higher.
As of the census of 2010, there were 22,295 people, 8,913 households, and 5,791 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,794.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,851.2/km2). There were 9,607 housing units at an average density of 2,066.0 per square mile (797.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 54.1% White, 40.7% African American, 0.1% Native American, 2.0% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.
There were 8,913 households of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.0% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.04.
The median age in the city was 37.9 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18; 10% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.2% were from 25 to 44; 27.7% were from 45 to 64; and 12.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.6% male and 54.4% female.
Parks and recreation
There are four city-owned public parks: Quarry (divided by Monticello Boulevard into distinct North and South sections), Victory, Bexley, and Oakwood.
Quarry has a splash/sprinkle park, Victory sand volleyball courts, and Bexley a swimming pool. Quarry, Victory, and Bexley have playground equipment, and all four parks permit picnicking (although grilling facilities only remain at Bexley's pavilion and at Quarry North). Quarry and Bexley both have baseball diamonds utilized by the city's public baseball and softball leagues. Quarry Park North features a fenced off dog park, where canines can play unleashed.
The southern portion of the Euclid Creek reservation of the Cleveland Metroparks is located in South Euclid. Nearby, the South Euclid War Memorial lists the names of those who died while serving in wartime.
South Euclid has partnered with nearby Lyndhurst to form several recreational groups:
- SELREC- South Euclid Lyndhurst Recreation. Founded in June 1946. Offers programs to community residents to meet the needs of the recreational needs.
- SELSC- South Euclid Lyndhurst Soccer Club. Offers recreational soccer and a competitive league. The recreational league runs its program in the spring and fall. The competitive league is a travel program that runs throughout the year.
- SELYFL- South Euclid Lyndhurst Youth Football League. Formed In Fall 1997. Recruits children from 1st to 6th grade. It is meant to be a feeder system for the Brush Arcs football team.
- SEYSBA- South Euclid Youth Softball and Baseball Association
- SELBA- South Euclid Lyndhurst Basketball Association
South Euclid ranked 10th out of the 114 largest cities in Ohio in terms of walkability.
The historic William E. Telling mansion, which is on the National Register of Historic Places. served as home to the South Euclid-Lyndhurst branch of the nationally renowned Cuyahoga County Public Library system. A wing of this same building, which once served as the gardener's quarters, houses the South Euclid - Lyndhurst Historical Society. In 2012, the CCPL announced plans to sell the Telling mansion and move the Library to a new facility at 1876 South Green Road. In September, 2013, the Library board voted to sell the Mansion to Cleveland investor Richard A. Barone, who intends to turn it into an American porcelain art museum. The Telling Mansion Preservation Organization (TeMPO), composed of local citizens, is working with Barone to find additional uses for the Mansion as a cultural arts center, and retention of the South Euclid-Lyndhurst Historical Society.
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