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Coastal defences of Australia during World War II facts for kids

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The following is a List of Coastal Batteries in Australia and Territories during World War II. The main threat came early in the war from German raiders and threat of Japanese raids or invasion, and hence all available ordnance was pressed into service, including some obsolete guns and field guns adapted for coast defence.

Queensland

Brisbane

Cairns

Townsville

Magnetic Gun
155mm coastal defence gun emplacement at Magnetic Island, Townsville
Pallarenda Gun
One of two 4.7 inch coastal defence gun emplacements built at Cape Pallarenda, Townsville in 1943
  • Magazine Battery – 2 x 155mm guns
  • Kissing Point Battery – 2 x 6 inch Mk VII guns
  • Magnetic Battery – 2 x 155 mm guns
  • Cape Pallarenda Battery – 2 x QF 4.7 inch Mk IV guns

Torres Strait

  • Endeavour Battery – 2 x 6 inch Mk XI guns
  • Goods Battery – 2 x 6 inch Mk XI guns
  • Kings Battery – 2 x 18-pdr Mk IV guns
  • Milman Battery (Thursday Island) – 1 x QF 4.7 inch gun
  • Turtle Battery – 2 x 155mm guns

New South Wales

Newcastle

Port Stephens

Sydney

Midheadfort
Middle Head Fortifications, Sydney Harbour
  • Banks Battery, North of Cape Banks, La Perouse, Sydney – 2 x 9.2 inch Mk X guns
  • Casemate Battery, Middle Head, Sydney – 2 x 6-pdr 10cwt guns
  • Henry Battery, Henry Head, La Perouse, Sydney – 2 x 18-pdr Mk IV guns
  • Hornby Battery, South Head, Sydney – 2 x 6 inch Mk VII guns
  • Malabar Battery, Malabar Headland, Malabar, Sydney – 2 x 6 inch Mk XII guns
  • Middle Head Fortifications, Sydney – 2 x 6 inch Mk VII guns, 1 x QF 12 pounder guns
  • North Battery, North Head, Sydney – 2 x 9.2 inch Mk X guns
  • Shelly Battery, Shelly Head, Manly, Sydney – 1 x QF 12 pounder guns
  • Signal Battery, South Head, Sydney – 2 x 6 inch Mk XI guns
  • West Battery, West Head, Hawkesbury River – 2 x QF 4.7-inch guns

Note: A 6 pounder 10cwt battery was under construction.

Port Kembla

Illowra battery aka hill 60
Illowra Battery, Port Kembla, New South Wales

Northern Territory

  • Dudley Battery, Darwin, Northern Territory – 2 x 4 inch Mark VII and 1 x 6pdr 10cwt
  • East Battery, Darwin – 2 x 9.2 inch Mk X, 2 x 6in Mark XI guns
  • Emery Battery, Darwin – 2 x 6in Mark XI guns
  • Waugite Battery, Darwin – 2 x 6in Mark XI guns
  • Elliot Section – 1 x QF 6 pounder 10 cwt gun
  • West Point Section, Darwin – 1 x QF 6 pounder 10 cwt gun

Papua New Guinea

Lae

  • U Battery – 4 x 155mm guns

Port Moresby

  • Paga Battery – 2 x 6 inch Mk XI guns, 2 6-pdr 10cwt guns
  • Boera Battery – 2 (?) x 155mm guns

Rabaul

  • Praed Point Battery – 2 x 6 inch Mk VII guns

South Australia

Tasmania

Western Australia

Albany

Fremantle (Mainland)

  • Harbour Battery, Fremantle, Western Australia – 2 x 6pdr 10cwt, 2 x 18 pounder Mk IV
  • Leighton Battery, Fremantle, Western Australia – 2 x 6in Mark VII guns
  • Swanbourne Battery, Fremantle, Western Australia – 2 x 6in Mark VII guns

Note: A 9.2in Mark XV battery was under construction.

Rottnest Island

  • Bickley Battery, Rottnest Island – 2 x 6in Mark XI guns
  • Oliver's Battery, Rottnest Island – 2 x 9.2in Mark X guns

Garden Island (Cockburn Sound)

Rockingham

  • Peron Battery, Cape Peron, Western Australia – 2 x 155mm, 2 x 18 pounder Mk IV

Geraldton

Victoria

  • Cribb Battery, Port Phillip, Victoria – 1 x 6in Mark VII gun
  • Crow's Nest Battery, Queenscliff Port Phillip Bay, Victoria – 2 x 4.7in guns and 1 x 14pdr gun
  • Lonsdale Battery, Port Phillip, Victoria – 2 x 6in Mark VII guns
  • Nepean Battery, Port Phillip, Victoria – 2 x 6in Mark VII guns
  • Pearce Battery, Port Phillip, Victoria – 2 x 6in Mark VII guns
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