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Columbia County, Arkansas facts for kids

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Columbia County
Columbia County Courthouse in Magnolia
Columbia County Courthouse in Magnolia
Map of Arkansas highlighting Columbia County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Arkansas
Founded December 17, 1852
Named for Christopher Columbus
Seat Magnolia
Largest city Magnolia
Area
 • Total 767 sq mi (1,990 km2)
 • Land 766 sq mi (1,980 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (2 km2)  0.1%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 24,552
 • Estimate 
(2019)
23,457
 • Density 32.010/sq mi (12.359/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 4th

Columbia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,552. The county seat is Magnolia. The county was formed on December 17, 1852, and was named for Christopher Columbus. The Magnolia, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Columbia County.

Geography

Columbia County, AR, Veterans Monument IMG 2306
Columbia County Veterans Memorial on courthouse lawn in Magnolia

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 767 square miles (1,990 km2), of which 766 square miles (1,980 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.1%) is water. Columbia County is in South Arkansas. Columbia County, along with Union County, is home to the largest Bromine reserve in the United States.

Dorcheat Bayou flows through Columbia County from its origin in Nevada County southward into Webster Parish, Louisiana, before emptying into Lake Bistineau.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 12,449
1870 11,397 −8.5%
1880 14,090 23.6%
1890 19,893 41.2%
1900 22,077 11.0%
1910 23,820 7.9%
1920 27,670 16.2%
1930 27,320 −1.3%
1940 29,822 9.2%
1950 28,770 −3.5%
1960 26,400 −8.2%
1970 25,952 −1.7%
1980 26,644 2.7%
1990 25,691 −3.6%
2000 25,603 −0.3%
2010 24,552 −4.1%
2019 (est.) 23,457 −4.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2016
USA Columbia County, Arkansas age pyramid
Age pyramid Columbia County

2020 census

Columbia County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 13,236 58.05%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 7,834 34.36%
Native American 71 0.31%
Asian 163 0.71%
Other/Mixed 724 3.18%
Hispanic or Latino 773 3.39%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 22,801 people, 8,562 households, and 5,559 families residing in the county.

Transportation

Gazebo at Columbia County Courthouse in Magnolia, AR IMG 2316
Gazebo at Columbia County Courthouse

Major highways

  • US 79.svg U.S. Highway 79
  • US 82.svg U.S. Highway 82
  • US 371.svg U.S. Highway 371
  • Arkansas 19.svg Highway 19
  • Arkansas 98.svg Highway 98
  • Arkansas 160.svg Highway 160
  • I-69.svg Future Interstate 69

Airports

Magnolia Municipal Airport is a public-use airport in Columbia County. It is owned by the city of Magnolia and located three nautical miles (6 km) southeast of its central business district.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated community

  • Atlanta
  • Big Creek
  • Brister
  • Bussey
  • Calhoun
  • Jefferson
  • Lamartine
  • Plainfield
  • Village
  • Walkerville
  • Welcome

Townships

Columbia County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large
Townships in Columbia County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Columbia County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township.

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