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Lafayette County, Arkansas facts for kids

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Lafayette County
County
County of Lafayette
Lafayette County Courthouse, Lewisville
Lafayette County Courthouse, Lewisville
Map of Arkansas highlighting Lafayette County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Arkansas
Founded October 15, 1827
Named for Marquis de Lafayette
Seat Lewisville
Largest town Stamps
Area
 • Total 545 sq mi (1,410 km2)
 • Land 528 sq mi (1,370 km2)
 • Water 17 sq mi (40 km2)  3.1%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 7,645
 • Estimate 
(2019)
6,624
 • Density 14.028/sq mi (5.416/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
71826, 71827, 71845, 71860, 71861
Area code 870
Congressional district 4th

Lafayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,645, making it the third-least populous county in Arkansas. The county seat is Lewisville. Lafayette County was formed on October 15, 1827 and named in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette, a French military hero of the American Revolutionary War. It is a dry county; therefore, the sale of alcohol is prohibited.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 545 square miles (1,410 km2), of which 528 square miles (1,370 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (3.1%) is water. It is the smallest county in Arkansas by area.

Major highways

  • US 82.svg U.S. Highway 82
  • Arkansas 29.svg Highway 29
  • Arkansas 53.svg Highway 53
  • Arkansas 160.svg Highway 160

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 748
1840 2,200 194.1%
1850 5,220 137.3%
1860 8,464 62.1%
1870 9,139 8.0%
1880 5,730 −37.3%
1890 7,700 34.4%
1900 10,594 37.6%
1910 13,741 29.7%
1920 15,522 13.0%
1930 16,934 9.1%
1940 16,851 −0.5%
1950 13,203 −21.6%
1960 11,030 −16.5%
1970 10,018 −9.2%
1980 10,213 1.9%
1990 9,643 −5.6%
2000 8,559 −11.2%
2010 7,645 −10.7%
Est. 2019 6,624 −13.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2016
USA Lafayette County, Arkansas age pyramid
Age pyramid Lafayette County

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 8,559 people, 3,434 households, and 2,376 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 4,560 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 62.08% White, 36.49% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 1.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,434 households, out of which 27.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.60% were married couples living together, 14.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.40% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 24.40% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 17.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,831, and the median income for a family was $30,720. Males had a median income of $26,492 versus $17,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,128. About 18.70% of families and 23.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.50% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Prior to 2000, Lafayette County was considered an "ancestral" Democratic county, with exceptions for the 1972 and 1984 landslides of Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan, respectively. Former Governor Bill Clinton won this county twice in his presidential runs: 1992 and 1996. Clinton's vice president, Al Gore, won the county in 2000, the most recent Democrat to do so.

Over the past few election cycles Lafayette County, like all of the traditionally secessionist Upland South, has turned sharply rightward and away from a more socially liberal Democratic Party than the one Clinton led. Donald Trump won 61% of the vote in 2016 over former Arkansas First Lady and U.S. First Lady Hillary Clinton, owing both to the strength of Trump in rural America and the decline of the Clinton brand in their home state.

Communities

Towns

Townships

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Lafayette County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township.

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