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Nevada County, Arkansas facts for kids

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Nevada County
County of Nevada
Nevada County Courthouse in Prescott
Nevada County Courthouse in Prescott
Map of Arkansas highlighting Nevada County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Arkansas
Founded March 20, 1871
Named for state of Nevada
Seat Prescott
Largest city Prescott
 • Total 621 sq mi (1,610 km2)
 • Land 618 sq mi (1,600 km2)
 • Water 2.8 sq mi (7 km2)  0.5%%
 • Total 8,997
 • Estimate 
 • Density 14.488/sq mi (5.594/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 4th

Nevada County is a county located in the southwestern part of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,997, less than half of its peak in 1920. The county seat is Prescott. Nevada County is Arkansas's 63rd county, formed during the Reconstruction era on March 20, 1871, from portions of Hempstead, Ouachita and Columbia counties. It was named after the state of Nevada because of the perceived similarity between their physical shapes; the Arkansas county's shape, inverted, roughly follows the same outline as the state's boundary. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Dorcheat Bayou, a 122-mile stream, begins in Nevada County. It flows south into Columbia County and across the border into Webster Parish, Louisiana, where it flows into Lake Bistineau and ultimately Loggy Bayou, forming a continuous passage to the Red River. In the 19th century, the bayou was navigable for three to six months by steamboat from Bistineau to Minden. The watershed had fertile farmland, timberland and swampland. The bayou is now popular for fishing and its natural environment.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 621 square miles (1,610 km2), of which 618 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.5%) is water. The county is bounded on the north by the Little Missouri River, a branch of the Ouachita River, and drained by several tributaries of that stream and of Red River. Nevada County is alternately considered as part of the greater regions of South Arkansas or Southwest Arkansas.

Major highways

  • I-30 (AR).svg Interstate 30
  • US 67.svg U.S. Highway 67
  • US 278.svg U.S. Highway 278
  • US 371.svg U.S. Highway 371
  • Arkansas 19.svg Highway 19
  • Arkansas 24.svg Highway 24
  • Arkansas 32.svg Highway 32
  • Arkansas 51.svg Highway 51
  • Arkansas 53.svg Highway 53

Adjacent counties


The population declined by more than half from 1920 to 1970, due to mechanization of agriculture and the decline of the lumber industry causing loss of jobs. In addition, blacks left in the Great Migration to midwestern and western industrial cities, where they found better work and less social oppression.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 12,959
1890 14,832 14.5%
1900 16,609 12.0%
1910 19,344 16.5%
1920 21,934 13.4%
1930 20,407 −7.0%
1940 19,869 −2.6%
1950 14,781 −25.6%
1960 10,700 −27.6%
1970 10,111 −5.5%
1980 11,097 9.8%
1990 10,101 −9.0%
2000 9,955 −1.4%
2010 8,997 −9.6%
2019 (est.) 8,252 −8.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2016
USA Nevada County, Arkansas age pyramid
Age pyramid Nevada County

2020 census

Nevada County racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 5,145 61.91%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,433 29.28%
Native American 37 0.45%
Asian 41 0.49%
Other/Mixed 300 3.61%
Hispanic or Latino 354 4.26%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 8,310 people, 3,397 households, and 2,263 families residing in the county.




Census-designated place


Nevada County Arkansas 2010 Township Map large
Townships in Nevada County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Nevada County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township.

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