Condon, Oregon facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Condon City Hall
Location in Oregon
|• Total||0.81 sq mi (2.11 km2)|
|• Land||0.81 sq mi (2.11 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||2,831 ft (863 m)|
| • Estimate
|• Density||855.21/sq mi (330.31/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (Pacific)|
|Area code(s)||458 and 541|
|GNIS feature ID||1119195|
Condon Commercial Historic District
The IOOF Hall, J.F. Reisacher Building, and Bank Block (left to right) in 2012.
|Location||Downtown Condon, Oregon|
|Area||9.95 acres (4.03 ha)|
|NRHP reference No.||98000609 (original)
|Added to NRHP||May 29, 1998|
|Boundary increase||May 16, 2001|
Condon is a city in, and the seat of, Gilliam County, in the U.S. state of Oregon. The population was 682 at the 2010 census. The city, with an historic main street along Oregon Route 19, is a farming and ranching community. The John Day River/Cottonwood Canyon State Park, the ghost town of Lonerock and the John Day Fossil Beds are all a short drive from Historic Condon.
Condon was the southern terminus of the Condon Branch of the Union Pacific Railroad. In 1883, a local homesteader named Potter platted the land around a spring on his property. The spring, which emerged from a bed of black basalt, was known to pioneer ranchers in the area as Summit Springs. Experiencing financial difficulty, Potter surrendered the site to the legal firm Condon and Cornish from Arlington. Harvey C. Condon, a member of the firm, was a nephew of Oregon geologist Thomas Condon. Condon and Cornish sold lots in the townsite and in 1884, resident David B. Trimble applied for a post office and became its first postmaster. He named the post office Condon after Harvey C. Condon.
Condon Air Force Station was a radar station near the city that operated from 1951 to 1970.
Condon Commercial Historic District
In 1998, Condon's historic downtown core along Main Street was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the Condon Commercial Historic District. The City of Condon is collaborating with business interests to "spruce up" buildings on Main Street. Most of the businesses on the Historic Main Street have been restored, new businesses have opened, a new library has been built, the City Park has been re-designed and the Chamber of Commerce is growing.
Geography and climate
Condon, in Gilliam County in north-central Oregon, is at the intersection of Oregon Route 19, running north–south through the city, and Oregon Route 206, which runs east–west at Condon. By highway, the city is 38 miles (61 km) south of Interstate 84 at Arlington, 69 miles (111 km) southeast of The Dalles, and 150 miles (240 km) east of Portland.
The city is 2,831 feet (863 m) above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.83 square miles (2.15 km2), all of it land.
|Climate data for Condon, Oregon (1981–2010)|
|Average high °F (°C)||39.1
|Average low °F (°C)||25.1
|Precipitation inches (mm)||1.63
|Snowfall inches (cm)||5.8
As of the census of 2010, there were 682 people, 357 households, and 184 families residing in the city. The population density was 821.7 inhabitants per square mile (317.3/km2). There were 455 housing units at an average density of 548.2 per square mile (211.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.2% White, 0.1% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.1% of the population.
There were 357 households, of which 16.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 48.5% were not families. 45.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 24.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.85 and the average family size was 2.54.
The median age in the city was 54.5 years. 14.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 3.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 15.4% were from 25 to 44; 34.7% were from 45 to 64; and 31.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.
Arts and culture
Condon hosts special events throughout the year including Robert Burns Day in January, the Tumbleweed Basketball Tournament in March, the Fabulous 4th of July, and the Fall Festival in November.
The Gilliam County Historical Museum complex at Burns Park along Route 19 includes several restored buildings, including a train depot, caboose, church, barber shop, jail, school house, and the Silas A. Rice Log House, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Condon has a farmers market, golf course, swimming pool, and movie theater, and a game-bird reserve and recreational ranches are nearby.
The state airport in Condon is named Pauling Field after former resident Linus Pauling, and sits at the north end of town.
Education and economy
Condon students are served by the Condon School District, which includes Condon Elementary School and Condon High School.
The five largest employers in Condon as of 2002 were the Gilliam County government, the Condon School District, the North-Central Education Service District, the Hotel Condon, and Summit Springs Village, an assisted living center.
- Jay Bowerman, 13th governor of Oregon
- John Burns, Oregon Senate President from 1971 to 1973
- Robert R. Butler, U.S. representative from Oregon
- Terry Cooney, Major League Baseball umpire
- William Parry Murphy, Nobel laureate (1934 Medicine)
- Linus Pauling, Nobel laureate (1954 Chemistry and 1962 Peace)
- Earl Snell, 23rd governor of Oregon
Condon, Oregon Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.