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Crane County, Texas facts for kids

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Crane County
Crane County Courthouse in Crane
Crane County Courthouse in Crane
Map of Texas highlighting Crane County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Texas
Founded 1927
Named for William Carey Crane
Seat Crane
Largest city Crane
 • Total 786 sq mi (2,040 km2)
 • Land 785 sq mi (2,030 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (2 km2)  0.08%
 • Total 4,675
 • Density 5.948/sq mi (2.2965/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 23rd
Road to Castle Gap in Crane County, TX DSCN1111
Road to Castle Gap between Crane and McCamey, Texas
Graves at Crane County Cemetery, Crane, TX DSCN1371
Graves at Crane County Cemetery off U.S. Route 385

Crane County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 4,675. The county seat is Crane. The county was created in 1887 and later organized in 1927. It was named for William Carey Crane, a president of Southern Baptist-affiliated Baylor University in Waco, Texas.


Native Americans

Indigenous peoples were the first inhabitants of the area. Later Indian tribes included Comanches, Lipan Apache, and Kiowa.

County establishment and growth

Crane County was formed in 1887 from Tom Green County, and named after William Carey Crane, former president of Baylor University. Settlement came years later, and the county was not organized until 1927. In 1900, the United States census enumerated only 51 people and 12 ranches in the county. As late as 1918, the county had no roads.

In 1925, Church & Fields Exploration Company obtained a permit late in 1925 to drill for oil. The first well came in March 1926.

By 1927, an estimated 6,000 people were in the county, with 4,500 of them within the city of Crane. Water was trucked in and brought from $1.00 to $2.25 a barrel. By the beginning of 1991, almost 1,552,324,000 barrels (246,799,800 m3) of oil had been produced in the county since discovery in 1926.

County history is preserved in the Museum of the Desert Southwest, which opened in Crane in 1980.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 786 square miles (2,040 km2), of which 785 square miles (2,030 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.08%) is water.

Between Crane and McCamey in neighboring Upton County is a division of the surrounding cliffs known as Castle Gap, a break in a mesa some 12 miles east of the Pecos River, used by Comanches, emigrants headed to the California Gold Rush, and cattlemen driving longhorns on the Goodnight-Loving Trail, as explained in Patrick Dearen's Castle Gap and the Pecos Frontier (2000).

Major highways

  • US 385.svg U.S. Highway 385
  • Texas 329.svg State Highway 329

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 15
1900 51 240.0%
1910 331 549.0%
1920 37 −88.8%
1930 2,221 5,902.7%
1940 2,841 27.9%
1950 3,965 39.6%
1960 4,699 18.5%
1970 4,172 −11.2%
1980 4,600 10.3%
1990 4,652 1.1%
2000 3,996 −14.1%
2010 4,375 9.5%
2020 4,675 6.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010 2020

2020 census

Crane County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 1,761 1,342 40.25% 28.71%
Black or African American alone (NH) 122 70 2.79% 1.50%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 34 14 0.78% 0.30%
Asian alone (NH) 13 22 0.30% 0.47%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 10 1 0.23% 0.02%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 26 68 0.59% 1.45%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 2,409 3,158 55.06% 67.55%
Total 4,375 4,675 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.



Unincorporated community

  • Crane County from the Handbook of Texas Online


The largest segment of the local economy is oil and gas production. The Waddell Ranch contains the single biggest portion of the Permian Basin Royalty Trust, with over 800 producing oil wells as of 2007. Crane County is one of the largest oil-producing counties in Texas, with a total of 1.5 billion barrels (240,000,000 m3) of oil pumped since oil was first discovered there. Cattle ranching and local government are other large employers; over 503,000 acres (2,040 km2) of land are used for livestock grazing.

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Crane para niños

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