Cresskill, New Jersey facts for kids

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Cresskill, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Cresskill
Blackledge-Gair House
Blackledge-Gair House
Map highlighting Cresskill's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Cresskill's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Cresskill, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Cresskill, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Bergen
Incorporated May 8, 1894
Area
 • Total 2.074 sq mi (5.371 km2)
 • Land 2.064 sq mi (5.345 km2)
 • Water 0.010 sq mi (0.027 km2)  0.50%
Area rank 407th of 566 in state
48th of 70 in county
Elevation 46 ft (14 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 8,573
 • Estimate (2015) 8,812
 • Rank 267th of 566 in state
44th of 70 in county
 • Density 4,154.5/sq mi (1,604.1/km2)
 • Density rank 146th of 566 in state
36th of 70 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07626
Area code(s) 201
FIPS code 3400315820
GNIS feature ID 0875723
Website www.cresskillboro.com

Cresskill is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 8,573, reflecting an increase of 827 (+10.7%) from the 7,746 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 188 (+2.5%) from the 7,558 counted in the 1990 Census. This town got its name from "Cress", referring to the watercress which grew in its streams, and "Kill", referring to the stream passing through.

History

Cresskill was incorporated as a borough by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on May 8, 1894, from portions of Palisades Township. The borough was formed during the "Boroughitis" phenomenon then sweeping through Bergen County, in which 26 boroughs were formed in the county in 1894 alone. A portion of the borough was annexed by Alpine in 1904.

Railroads provided access from Cresskill to customers in New York City, including a chicken hatchery that was the world's largest by 1897. Railroad access helped make Cresskill the home of Camp Merritt, the major debarkation point for more than a million American troops being sent abroad to fight in World War I. To commemorate the fact, a large obelisk memorial (referred to by locals as "The Monument"), or "The Circle Monument" was dedicated in 1924, set in the middle of the Camp Merritt Memorial Circle at the intersection of Madison Avenue and Knickerbocker Road (CR 505).

Historic sites

Sites in the borough listed on the National Register of Historic Places include:

  • Blackledge-Gair House (at 111 Madison Avenue; added January 9, 1983)
  • Demarest-Atwood House (at 84 Jefferson Avenue; added July 24, 1984)
  • Peter Huyler House (50 County Road; added January 9, 1983)
  • Benjamin P. Westervelt House (at 235 County Road; added January 9, 1983)

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.074 square miles (5.371 km2), including 2.064 square miles (5.345 km2) of land and 0.010 square miles (0.027 km2) of water (0.50%).

The borough borders Alpine, Bergenfield, Demarest, Dumont and Tenafly.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 333
1890 527 58.3%
1900 486 −7.8%
1910 550 13.2%
1920 942 71.3%
1930 1,924 104.2%
1940 2,246 16.7%
1950 3,534 57.3%
1960 7,290 106.3%
1970 8,298 13.8%
1980 7,609 −8.3%
1990 7,558 −0.7%
2000 7,746 2.5%
2010 8,573 10.7%
Est. 2015 8,812 2.8%
Population sources: 1880-1890
1890-1920 1900-1910
1910-1930 1900-2010
2000 2010

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,573 people, 3,002 households, and 2,318 families residing in the borough. The population density was 4,154.5 per square mile (1,604.1/km2). There were 3,114 housing units at an average density of 1,509.0 per square mile (582.6/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 68.95% (5,911) White, 0.73% (63) Black or African American, 0.03% (3) Native American, 27.64% (2,370) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.07% (92) from other races, and 1.55% (133) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.26% (537) of the population. Korean Americans accounted for 17.8% of the population.

There were 3,002 households out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.2% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.8% were non-families. 21.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.32. Same-sex couples headed 7 households in 2010, an increase from the 5 counted in 2000.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 20.6% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.7 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 85.7 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $105,625 (with a margin of error of +/- $14,945) and the median family income was $128,382 (+/- $16,732). Males had a median income of $95,795 (+/- $24,665) versus $72,188 (+/- $16,155) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $56,485 (+/- $6,202). About 2.4% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 7,746 people, 2,630 households, and 2,161 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,625.9 people per square mile (1,397.5/km2). There were 2,702 housing units at an average density of 1,264.8 per square mile (487.5/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 78.05% White, 0.92% African American, 0.04% Native American, 18.64% Asian, 0.65% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.99% of the population.

There were 2,630 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.1% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.8% were non-families. 15.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 26.3% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $84,692, and the median income for a family was $96,245. Males had a median income of $61,194 versus $38,990 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $41,573. About 1.7% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 37.02 miles (59.58 km) of roadways, of which 33.65 miles (54.15 km) were maintained by the municipality and 3.37 miles (5.42 km) by Bergen County.

County Route 505 and County Route 501 travel through Cresskill.

Public transportation

The NJ Transit 166 bus route provides service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, and local service is available on the 753 route.

Bus service to Rockland County and the Port Authority Bus Terminal in NYC is also provided by Rockland Coaches routes 14 and 20/20T.

Saddle River Tours / Ameribus provides rush hour service to the George Washington Bridge Bus Station on the 20/84 route.

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