Alpine, New Jersey facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Alpine, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Alpine
Alpine Borough Hall, Post Office & Police station
Alpine Borough Hall, Post Office & Police station
Map highlighting Alpine's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Map highlighting Alpine's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Alpine, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Alpine, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Bergen
Incorporated April 8, 1903
Named for The Alps
Area
 • Total 23.910 km2 (9.232 sq mi)
 • Land 16.404 km2 (6.411 sq mi)
 • Water 7.307 km2 (2.821 sq mi)  30.56%
Area rank 216th of 566 in state
4th of 70 in county
Elevation 158 m (518 ft)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 1,849
 • Estimate (2015) 1,917
 • Rank 494th of 566 in state
68th of 70 in county
 • Density 111.4/km2 (288.4/sq mi)
 • Density rank 483rd of 566 in state
69th of 70 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07620
Area code(s) 201 exchanges: 750, 767, 768, 784.
FIPS code 3400301090
GNIS feature ID 0885139
Website www.alpinenj07620.org

Alpine is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. It is a suburb of New York City, located 15 miles (24 km) north of Midtown Manhattan. Alpine is the easternmost community in the state of New Jersey.

As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 1,849, reflecting a decline of 334 (−15.3%) from the 2,183 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 467 (+27.2%) from the 1,716 counted in the 1990 Census.

In 2012, Forbes ranked Alpine as America's most expensive ZIP code with a median home price of $4.25 million, after being ranked 4th in the magazine's 2010 listing of "America's Most Expensive ZIP Codes", with a median home price of $3,814,885. In 2009, Forbes ranked Alpine first, along with Greenwich, Connecticut, with a median home price of $4.14 million. Alpine was tied with Greenwich for first in both 2006 and 2007 on the ABC News list of most expensive ZIP codes, with a median home sale price of $3.4 million.

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Alpine as its 15th best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.

Alpine was formed by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 8, 1903, from portions of Harrington Township. The borough acquired a portion of Cresskill in 1904. The borough's name came from the wife of journalist Charles Nordhoff, who found the setting reminiscent of the Swiss Alps.

Geography

2013-05-05 14 29 54 View south along the Palisades from Ruckman's Point in Palisades Interstate Park in Alpine, New Jersey
View south along the Palisades from Ruckman's Point in Palisades Interstate Park

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 9.232 square miles (23.910 km2), including 6.411 square miles (16.604 km2) of land and 2.821 square miles (7.307 km2) of water (30.56%).

The borough borders Closter, Cresskill, Demarest, Norwood, Rockleigh and Tenafly in Bergen County. Across the Hudson River, the borough borders The Bronx in New York City, and in Westchester County the city of Yonkers and the village of Hastings-on-Hudson (within the town of Greenburgh). North of the New York State border, the borough borders the hamlet of Tappan (in the town of Orangetown) in Rockland County.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 268
1910 377 40.7%
1920 350 −7.2%
1930 521 48.9%
1940 626 20.2%
1950 644 2.9%
1960 921 43.0%
1970 1,344 45.9%
1980 1,549 15.3%
1990 1,716 10.8%
2000 2,183 27.2%
2010 1,849 −15.3%
Est. 2015 1,917 3.7%
Population sources:
1910-1920 1910 1910-1930
1900-2010 2000 2010

2010 Census

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,849 people, 611 households, and 529.1 families residing in the borough. The population density was 288.4 per square mile (111.4/km2). There were 670 housing units at an average density of 104.5 per square mile (40.3/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 68.14% (1,260) White, 2.38% (44) Black or African American, 0.05% (1) Native American, 26.07% (482) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 1.30% (24) from other races, and 2.06% (38) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.81% (89) of the population.

There were 611 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.8% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.4% were non-families. 11.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 16.0% from 25 to 44, 36.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.2 years. For every 100 females there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 100.4 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $172,054 (with a margin of error of +/- $23,256) and the median family income was $192,188 (+/- $56,076). Males had a median income of $124,375 (+/- $28,708) versus $56,719 (+/- $21,358) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $107,604 (+/- $18,758). About 2.3% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.6% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.

Same-sex couples headed four households in 2010, down from the eight counted in the 2000 Census.

2000 Census

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 2,183 people, 708 households, and 623 families residing in the borough. The population density was 343.5 people per square mile (132.5/km2). There were 730 housing units at an average density of 114.9 per square mile (44.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 77.37% White, 1.51% African American, 0.23% Native American, 19.10% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.52% of the population.

There were 708 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 79.8% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.0% were non-families. 9.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.08 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the borough the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 20.9% from 25 to 44, 34.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 102.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough is $130,740, and the median income for a family is $134,068. Males have a median income of $87,544 versus $45,536 for females. The per capita income for the borough is $76,995. 6.2% of the population and 5.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 8.5% are under the age of 18 and 6.4% are 65 or older.

Transportation

Roads and Highways

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 30.40 miles (48.92 km) of roadways, of which 16.12 miles (25.94 km) were maintained by the municipality, 2.40 miles (3.86 km) by Bergen County and 5.86 miles (9.43 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 6.02 miles (9.69 km) by the Palisades Interstate Parkway Commission.

U.S. Route 9W, the Palisades Interstate Parkway and County Route 502 all pass through Alpine.

Public transportation

Rockland Coaches provides service along Route 9W to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 9T / 9AT routes and to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal on the 9 and 9A routes.

Points of interest

Rio Vista is an upscale neighborhood in the southern section of Alpine. Rio Vista is home to Devil's Tower, a stone clock tower that was originally designed by Charles Rollinson Lamb for sugar baron Manuel Rionda (1854–1943) in order to allow his wife to see New York from the New Jersey side of the Hudson River.

The New Jersey Section of the Palisades Interstate Park runs the length of Alpine along the top of the New Jersey Palisades and along the Hudson River. The Alpine Boat Basin serves as both a public picnic area and small marina for private boats. The area is a scenic riverfront picnic area and boat basin, plus beach for car-top boat launches (canoe and kayak), with fishing, access to hiking trails and Henry Hudson Drive, restrooms, water, vending machines, and public phones. Alpine Pavilion, an open-air stone picnic pavilion built in 1934 by the Civil Works Administration and available for rental is located here, as well as the historic Blackledge-Kearney House, said to be the site where Lord Cornwallis and his troops landed on November 20, 1776, in their pursuit of the Continental Army following the rout of George Washington's forces in the Battle of New York.

Images for kids


Alpine, New Jersey Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.