Crittenden County, Kentucky facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Crittenden County, Kentucky
Map
Map of Kentucky highlighting Crittenden County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the USA highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1842
Seat Marion
Largest City Marion
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

371 sq mi (961 km²)
360 sq mi (932 km²)
11 sq mi (28 km²), 3.0%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

9,315
26/sq mi (10/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.marionky.gov/index.shtml
Named for: John J. Crittenden

Crittenden County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. At the 2010 census, the population was 9,315. Its county seat is Marion. The county was formed in 1842 and named for John J. Crittenden, senator and future Governor of Kentucky. It is a prohibition or dry county.

History

Crittenden County, located on the Ohio and Tradewater Rivers in the Pennyroyal region of Kentucky, was created by the state legislature on April 1, 1842, from a portion of Livingston County. It became the state's 91st county, and was named for John J. Crittenden, a U.S. senator, attorney general, and governor of Kentucky. The first county seat was in Crooked Creek, but it was moved to Marion just two years later.

Crittenden County was once crossed by the Chickasaw Road, which was a part of the Old Saline Trace. This foot path was used by Native Americans when hunting game that crossed the Ohio River to the salt licks in Illinois. The first settler in the area was James Armstrong, who arrived from South Carolina in 1786 and built a log cabin. His family joined him five years later, along with other families that came to settle in the area. Early in the nineteenth century, Flynn's Ferry was established where the trail crossed the river.

Generally pro-Confederate during the American Civil War, the county saw little fighting, although both armies passed through it repeatedly. Several skimishes did place there, and the county courthouse was burned by Confederate Brigadier General Hylan B. Lyon during his raid across western Kentucky in December 1864. Lyon's men, all Kentuckians, burned a total of seven courthouses, since the Union Army was using them for barracks. The Confederates allowed the locals to remove the records before setting fire to the courthouses.

Crittenden County has valuable deposits of fluorspar, zinc, porcelain, coal, limestone, and sand for making glass. Marion was primarily an industrial town in the 1840s associated with the large fluorspar mining industry. This industry peaked in 1947 and has been in slow decline since. Iron production was also a prominent industry in the mid-19th century, with several furnaces being built in the county, one owned by Andrew Jackson. Other products produced in the county include lumber, glass, modular homes, and blue crystal that was made famous by Ball canning jars. Today the county has a strong agricultural economy. In 1992, 66 percent of the population lived on farms, with 45 percent of the population reporting farming as their primary occupation.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 371 square miles (960 km2), of which 360 square miles (930 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (3.0%) is water. Its northwestern border with Illinois is formed by the Ohio River.

Major highways

  • US 60.svg U.S. Route 60
  • US 641.svg U.S. Route 641
  • Elongated circle 70.svg Kentucky Route 70
  • Elongated circle 91.svg Kentucky Route 91
  • Elongated circle 120.svg Kentucky Route 120
  • Elongated circle 295.svg Kentucky Route 295

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 6,351
1860 8,796 38.5%
1870 9,381 6.7%
1880 11,688 24.6%
1890 13,119 12.2%
1900 15,191 15.8%
1910 13,296 −12.5%
1920 13,125 −1.3%
1930 11,931 −9.1%
1940 12,115 1.5%
1950 10,818 −10.7%
1960 8,648 −20.1%
1970 8,493 −1.8%
1980 9,207 8.4%
1990 9,196 −0.1%
2000 9,384 2.0%
2010 9,315 −0.7%
Est. 2015 9,183 −1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 9,384 people, 3,829 households, and 2,707 families residing in the county. The population density was 26 per square mile (10/km2). There were 4,410 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile (4.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.24% White, 0.65% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 0.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,829 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.80% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,060, and the median income for a family was $36,462. Males had a median income of $30,509 versus $18,961 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,262. About 14.70% of families and 19.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.80% of those under age 18 and 15.70% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities


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