Duncanville, Texas facts for kids

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Duncanville, Texas
City
Nickname(s): City of Champions
Location of Duncanville in Dallas County, Texas
Location of Duncanville in Dallas County, Texas
Country United StatesUnited States
State TexasTexas
County Dallas City Type: City
Area
 • City 11.3 sq mi (29.2 km2)
 • Land 11.3 sq mi (29.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 725 ft (221 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 38,524
 • Density 3,409/sq mi (1,319.3/km2)
 • Metro 6,538,850
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 75116, 75137, 75138
Area code(s) 972
FIPS code 48-21628
GNIS feature ID 1334786
Website www.duncanville.com

Duncanville is a city in southern Dallas County, Texas, in the United States. Duncanville's population was 38,524 at the 2010 census. The city is part of the Best Southwest area, which includes Duncanville, Cedar Hill, DeSoto, and Lancaster.

Geography

Duncanville is located at 32°38′47″N 96°54′41″W / 32.64639°N 96.91139°W / 32.64639; -96.91139 (32.646333, -96.911309).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.3 square miles (29 km2), all of it land.

History

Settlement of the area began in 1845, when Illinois resident Crawford Trees purchased several thousand acres south of Camp Dallas. In 1880 the Chicago, Texas and Mexican Central Railway reached the area and built Duncan Switch, named for a line foreman. Charles P. Nance, the community's first postmaster, renamed the settlement Duncanville in 1882. By the late 19th century Duncanville was home to a dry goods stores, a pharmacy, a domino parlor, and a school. Between 1904 and 1933 the population of Duncanville increased from 113 to more than 300.

During World War II, the Army Air Corps established a landing field for flight training on property near the present-day intersection of Main and Wheatland roads.

Duncanville residents incorporated the city on August 2, 1947. During the post-war years, the military developed the Army’s old landing field into the Duncanville Air Force Station, which was the headquarters for the four Nike-Hercules missile launch sites guarding Dallas/Fort Worth from Soviet bomber attack. It also housed the Air Force tracking radars for the region.

Duncanville missile monument
Monument commemorating NIKE missile base in Duncanville.
Duncanville missile monument plaque
Plaque describing NIKE base.

When the town's population reached 5,000 in 1962, citizens adopted a home-rule charter with council-manager city government. Sometimes regarded as a "white flight" suburb in the 1960s and 1970s, the city is now known for its racial diversity (see "Demographics"). Its population increased from about 13,000 in 1970 to more than 31,000 in 1988.

Duncanville, Texas northern water tower
Water tower in the Fairmeadows neighborhood of Duncanville, depicting the city slogan.
Duncanville & Cedar Hill water towers
Water towers on the southern edge of Duncanville, northern edge of Cedar Hill.
Duncanville Panther water tower
Water tower on east side of Clark Road.

Historic preservation

The Texas Historical Commission has designated the City of Duncanville as an official Main Street City.

Duncanville recognizes the importance of the former Duncanville Air Force Station. The Duncanville Air Force Station was closed on July 1, 1964; however the Army continued to operate the Nike Missile air defense operations until 1969 at which point, the facility was turned over to the city. The WWII-era barracks and some other structures were initially re-purposed for civic and community use. Over time the buildings were systematically demolished, obliterating all signs of the historic base. But the history of the facility lives on in a monument which stands outside the library and community center.

The "stone igloo", a spring house originally located near the intersection of Center Street and Cedar Ridge Road, was preserved in a unique way. In the late 1960s or early 1970s it was demolished, thereby producing a supply of rocks that were used to build a replica of the structure at a nearby park and paving the way for the construction of a neighborhood retail center.

Various pieces of the city's history are preserved at the Duncanville Historical Park, which is located on Wheatland Road in Armstrong Park on land that was once a part of the Duncanville Air Force Station. Historic buildings include the city’s first Music Room.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 841
1960 3,774 348.8%
1970 14,105 273.7%
1980 27,781 97.0%
1990 35,748 28.7%
2000 36,081 0.9%
2010 38,524 6.8%
Est. 2015 39,826 3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the 2010 census Duncanville had a population of 38,524. The racial and ethnic makeup of the population was 32.3% non-Hispanic white, 29.4% non-Hispanic black, 0.7% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% non-Hispanic from some other race, 2.5% reporting two or more races and 35.0% Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of the census of 2000, there were 36,083 people, 12,899 households, and 10,239 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,196.6 people per square mile (1,233.9/km²). There were 13,290 housing units at an average density of 1,177.4 per square mile (454.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 63.90% White, 24.76% African American, 0.32% Native American, 1.99% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 6.83% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.30% of the population.

There were 12,896 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.6% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the city, the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,654, and the median income for a family was $57,064. Males had a median income of $39,199 versus $30,145 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,924. The Average Household Income for the city in 2008 is $82,500. About 3.9% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.


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