Edgware facts for kids
Quick facts for kidsEdgware
Aerial view of Edgware from Station Road; facing North towards Broadfields and Elstree.
|Population||76,506 (2011 Census E|
|OS grid reference|
|• Charing Cross||10 mi (16 km) SE|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Edgware is a suburban town in northern Greater London, mostly in the London Borough of Barnet but with a small part falling in the London Borough of Harrow. Edgware is centred 9.5 miles (15.3 km) north-northwest of Charing Cross and has its own commercial centre. Edgware has a generally suburban character, typical of the rural-urban fringe. It was an ancient parish in the county of Middlesex directly east of the ancient Watling Street, and gives its name to the present day Edgware Road that runs from central London towards the town. The community benefits from some elevated woodland on a high ridge marking the Hertfordshire border of gravel and sand. It includes the areas of Burnt Oak, The Hale, Edgwarebury, Canons Park, and parts of Queensbury.
Edgware is principally a shopping and residential area, identified in the London Plan as one of the capital's 35 major centres, and one of the northern termini of the Northern line. It has a bus garage, a shopping centre called the Broadwalk Centre, a library, a community hospital—Edgware Community Hospital, and two streams—Edgware Brook and Deans Brook, both tributaries of a small brook known as Silk Stream, which in turn merges with the River Brent at Brent Reservoir.
As of 2011, the town had a population of 76,506 and is made up of five wards from both Barnet and Harrow boroughs.
|Absorbed by Hendon parish ►|
|source: UK census|
Edgware succeeds to the identity of the ancient parish in the county of Middlesex. Edgware is a Saxon name meaning Ecgi's weir. Ecgi was a Saxon and the weir relates to a pond where Ecgi's people caught fish. Edgware parish formed part of Hendon Rural District from 1894. It was abolished in 1931 and formed part of the Municipal Borough of Hendon until 1965. The Romans made pottery at Brockley Hill, thought by some to be the site of Sulloniacis. Canons Park, to the north-west, was developed as an estate by James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos and was the site of his great palace Cannons.
Edgware was identified in 2008 as a major centre for preferred development in the London Plan.
Demography and religion
Until the 20th century there were no major rises in the population of Edgware. In the manor of Edgware in 1277 there were eight free tenants (excluding the Grand Priory of Clerkenwell) and 52 customary tenants (assumed to all be men); the survey from which these figures are taken, however, includes lands appurtenant to the manor lying in Kingsbury. In 1425–26 the manor of Edgware had three free and 29 customary tenants in the parish, and in 1525–26 the numbers were two or three free and 26 customary tenants. In 1547 there were 120 (adult or teenage) communicants in the parish. In 1597 there were between 60 and 70 houses in the parish, and 44 more in the village of Edgware but on the west side of Watling Street and therefore in the parish of Little Stanmore. In 1599 there were six free and 25 customary tenants of the manor within Edgware. In 1642 in the Civil War the protestation oath of 1641 was taken by 103 adult males. In 1664 there were 73 houses in the parish, but the hearth tax of 1672 gives only 66. During the 18th century the average numbers both of baptisms and burials declined gently but steadily; in the period 1717–26 the average number of baptisms was between 15 and 16 a year and the average number of burials 20, but by 1801–10 the figures were 11 and 9, respectively. There were said to be 69 houses in the village in 1766 and 76 houses in 1792. At the first census in 1801 the population was 412. Throughout the 19th century numbers rose slowly, except for the years between 1851 and 1871; the censuses of 1861 and 1871 show successive declines of 7 percent, attributed in 1871 to migration and to the absence of direct trains to London.
Ten years later the losses had been more than made good, and in 1901 the figure of 868 had been reached. By 1921 the population had grown to 1,516, but the great infilling of the southern part of Edgware after 1924 caused the most spectacular increase. In 1931 the population was 5,352; this had increased to 17,513 by 1951 and to 20,127 by 1961. As well as Christian and subsequent settling of other religious groups, Edgware's development coincided with that of its Jewish community, currently forming the largest single religious group. In the 2001 Census, 36% of Edgware residents give their religion as Jewish, 28% Christian, 9% Hindu and 5% Muslim. The Jewish community in Edgware has constructed its own Eruv.
Edgware has a strong Jewish character, and also has significant Hindu and Muslim minorities, mostly of Indian origin.
According to the 2011 census:
- Edgware ward of Barnet was 60% white (47% British, 12% Other White, 1% Irish). 13% was Indian and 7% Black African. 33% of the population was Jewish, 28% Christian and 11% Muslim. The most spoken foreign language is Gujarati.
- Hale ward of Barnet (east from the centre) was 59% white (45% British, 12% Other, 2% Irish) and 10% Indian. 39% was Christian and 19% Jewish. The most spoken foreign language is Gujarati followed by Persian and Romanian.
This data does not represent the other wards of Canons and Edgware in Harrow and the Burnt Oak ward in Barnet.
Like most parts of northwest London, Edgware is served very well by the London Underground and there are four stations serving the area:
- Edgware (Northern line)
- Burnt Oak (Northern line)
- Canons Park (Jubilee line)
- Queensbury (Jubilee line)
Fifteen day London Buses serve Edgware, along with three night services, three school services, and two non-TfL routes operated by Uno.
Edgware is a post town within the HA postcode area,. It is also partly within the NW postcode area.
Former track of the Great Northern Railway line, which closed in 1964. View from Dean's Lane in the east of Edgware
Argonaut Games once had its head office in Edgware. They were in Argonaut House, now known as Cavendish House. The computer game Worms was designed there with Nigel Brownjohn as the lead graphic designer and contracts came from Nintendo.
Green Shield Stamps was also headquartered in Edgware until its closure in 1991. It occupied Premier House which was owned by the charity Erinastar Ltd under its then Trustee, Mr David Reichmann (Property Developer), who commenced its development in 2014 into 121 residential flats, now subject to dispute by current residents over the Grenfell type of cladding used in the development. Premier House residential is known as Premier Place. Dick Turpin's Halt - The famous highwayman used to hold up unsuspecting travellers at the intersection of Whitchurch Lane (B461) into Station Road (A5100) across the Edgware Road (A5) in Edgware. An antique shop was there in the 1960s called Dick Turpins Halt and the black and white timber shop is still there today.
Edgware Cricket Club, based at Canons Park, play Sunday League cricket during the summer months. Edgware Town F.C. is a football club that represents Edgware, but they are currently based in Kingsbury.
- London Academy
- Beit Shvidler Primary School
- Holland House School
- Broadfields Primary School
- Deansbrook Primary School
- Krishna Avanti Primary School, Harrow
- North London Collegiate School
- Rosh Pinah Primary School
- Edgware Junior School
- Canons High School
- Nicolas Anelka — footballer, when playing for Arsenal
- Anita Asante footballer
- John Bercow — former Speaker of the House of Commons and MP for Buckingham
- Boz Boorer — guitarist, producer, co-writer and musical director for Morrissey.
- Eleanor Bron — actress
- Max Bygraves — singer, comedian and actor
- Paul Chowdhry — stand-up comedian
- Antony Costa — singer from boy band Blue
- Tony Currie — footballer
- Shirley Eaton — actress
- Victor Feldman — jazz pianist
- Vanessa Feltz — TV/radio presenter
- Fenella Fielding — actress
- Dayan Michoel Fisher — Principal Rabbi of the Federation of Synagogues
- Dean Furman (born 1988) - professional footballer
- George Frideric Handel — composer
- Jane March — actress
- Charlotte McDonagh — actress/television presenter/model and singer
- Angharad Rees — actress
- Pat Sharp — disc jockey and television presenter
- Ben Strevens — footballer currently playing for Wycombe Wanderers
- Frank Williams — actor, most notable role: the vicar in Dad's Army
- Mitchell Symons — journalist and author
- Barry Norman — television presenter and author
- Christopher Wreh — former Arsenal footballer
- George Michael — pop singer
- Patrick Vieira — former Arsenal footballer
- Archie Panjabi — Emmy Award winning actress, currently portraying Kalinda Sharma on The Good Wife
- Richard Russell Owner of UK Record Label, XL Recordings
- Altaf Hussain Chief and founder of Pakistan's MQM Party. Resident since 1992.
- Dave Mattacks — rock and folk drummer, best known for his work with Fairport Convention.
- David Piper - racing driver
- Ernest George Trobridge — architect; Blue Plaque at 19 Heather Walk
- Sope Dirisu - Actor
Images for kids
In Spanish: Edgware para niños
Edgware Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.