London Borough of Brent facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
London Borough of Brent
200px|Brent
Shown within Greater London
Official website http://www.brent.gov.uk
Geography
Status London borough
Area
— Total
Ranked 312th
43.24 km²
ONS code 00AE
Admin HQ Forty Lane, Wembley
Demographics
Population
— Total (2005 est.)
Density
Ranked 29th (of 354)
270,100
6,247 / km²
Ethnicity {{{ethnicity}}}
Politics
Leadership Leader & Cabinet
Mayor Parvez Ahmed
Executive  
MPs Barry Gardiner (Lab)
Tulip Siddiq (Lab)
Dawn Butler (Lab)
London Assembly
— Member
Brent and Harrow
Navin Shah (Lab)

The London Borough of Brent () is a London borough in north west London, and forms part of Outer London. The major areas are Kilburn, Wembley and Harlesden.

It borders the boroughs of Harrow to the northwest, Barnet to the northeast, Camden to the east, Westminster to the southeast, and Kensington and Chelsea, Hammersmith and Fulham, and Ealing to the south. Most of the eastern border is formed by the Roman road Watling Street, which is now the modern A5. Brent has a mixture of residential, industrial and commercial land. Brent is home to Wembley Stadium, one of the country's biggest landmarks, as well as Wembley Arena. The local authority is Brent London Borough Council.

The borough has seen illegal dumping on the borough’s streets between 2013/14 and 2014/15 surge by 84 per cent, the most recorded by a local authority in England. According to the findings of a survey by property group Rightmove, Brent is the third most unhappy borough in London, based on a number of factors including décor, space, value, pride, costs, safety, amenities, recreation, community, contentment, neighbourliness and area contentment. Brent has the highest proportion of housing benefit claims by private tenants in the country as a percentage of all households according to the Financial Times.

History

Historical Brent Map
A map of Brent in 1872, by John Marius Wilson

Brent was formed in 1965 from the area of the former Municipal Borough of Wembley and Municipal Borough of Willesden of Middlesex. Its name derives from the River Brent which runs through the borough.

Demographics

Population
Year Pop. ±%
1801 2,022 —    
1811 2,690 +33.0%
1821 3,074 +14.3%
1831 3,991 +29.8%
1841 5,416 +35.7%
1851 5,646 +4.2%
1861 14,749 +161.2%
1871 23,852 +61.7%
1881 32,955 +38.2%
1891 67,674 +105.4%
1901 105,613 +56.1%
1911 164,833 +56.1%
1921 202,448 +22.8%
1931 248,656 +22.8%
1941 277,842 +11.7%
1951 310,457 +11.7%
1961 294,804 −5.0%
1971 280,009 −5.0%
1981 251,249 −10.3%
1991 248,569 −1.1%
2001 263,463 +6.0%
2011 311,200 +18.1%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time

In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 2,022. This rose slowly throughout the 19th century, as the district became built up; reaching 5,646 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth increased. The population peaked in the 1960s, when industry began to relocate from London.

Brent is among the most diverse localities in the country, with large Asian and Indian, Black African, Black Caribbean, Irish (largest in the country), and Eastern European minority communities.

In the 2001 Census, the borough had a population of 263,464 – of whom 127,806 were male, and 135,658 female. Of those stating a choice, 47.71% described themselves as Christian, 17.71% as Hindu, 12.26% as Muslim and 10% as having no religion. Of the population, 39.96% were in full-time employment and 7.86% in part-time employment – compared to a London average of 42.64% and 8.62%, respectively. Residents were predominantly owner-occupiers, with 23.17% owning their house outright, and a further 31.33% owning with a mortgage. 10.59% were in local authority housing, with a further 13.29% renting from a housing association, or other registered social landlord.

The borough of Brent is extremely diverse, ethnically. In the 2011 census, those who claimed British white heritage made up 18% of the borough's population. 18% claimed other white heritage, 5% were of mixed heritage, those of South Asian heritage comprised about 33%, those of African and Caribbean heritage about 19%, and other ethnic groups about 7%. Whites were found in highest proportion in the wards of Mapesbury (the area between Willesden Green and Cricklewood), Brondesbury Park, Queen's Park and Kilburn. Blacks in highest proportion were found in Stonebridge, Harlesden and Kensal Green wards. Asians are centred in the wards of Alperton, Wembley Central and Kenton. Brent has the highest proportion of Irish residents in mainland Britain, with 4% of the population.

As of 2011, 41.5% identified themselves as Christian, 18.6% Muslim, 17.8% Hindu and 10.6% with no religion.

Geography

Major districts of Brent include:Kilburn, Willesden and Wembley.

Climate

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb". (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).

Climate data for Borough of Brent, UK
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.8
(46)
7.8
(46)
10
(50)
12.2
(54)
15
(59)
17.2
(63)
18.9
(66)
18.9
(66)
17.2
(63)
13.9
(57)
11.1
(52)
7.8
(46)
12.8
(55)
Average low °C (°F) 2.8
(37)
2.8
(37)
3.9
(39)
5
(41)
7.8
(46)
10
(50)
12.2
(54)
12.2
(54)
10
(50)
7.8
(46)
6.1
(43)
3.9
(39)
7.2
(45)
Precipitation mm (inches) 132
(5.2)
109
(4.3)
79
(3.1)
84
(3.3)
79
(3.1)
64
(2.5)
76
(3)
89
(3.5)
89
(3.5)
145
(5.7)
150
(5.9)
155
(6.1)
1,255
(49.4)
Source: Weatherbase

Amenities and culture

Education

Compulsory recycling

Recycling has been compulsory in the borough of Brent since 2008. Through a green box collection scheme the borough aims to improve on the 25 per cent recycled waste it already achieves.

London Fire Brigade

The London Borough of Brent has three fire stations within the borough: Park Royal, Wembley and Willesden. Brent has a mixture of residential, industrial and commercial land. Most notably, Wembley National Stadium is within the area - on match days the safety of over 90,000 people is the responsibility of the London Fire Brigade. Wembley covers the largest area in the borough, 19.1 km2 (7.4 sq mi). Two pumping appliances, a fire rescue unit and an aerial ladder platform are based there. Willesden, for its relatively small, in comparison to Wembley, station ground (10.5 km2 (4.1 sq mi)), responded to over a thousand incidents in 2006/2007. Two pumping appliances reside there. Park Royal, with its one pumping appliance and an incident response unit, has one of the smallest station grounds; just 8.1 km2 (3.1 sq mi). Within the borough, 4,105 incidents occurred in 2006/2007.

Transport

The numerous London Underground, London Overground and National Rail stations in the borough are:

  • Alperton tube station
  • Brondesbury railway station
  • Brondesbury Park railway station
  • Dollis Hill tube station
  • Harlesden station
  • Kensal Green station
  • Kenton station
  • Kilburn tube station
  • Kilburn Park tube station
  • Kingsbury tube station
  • Neasden tube station
  • North Wembley station
  • Northwick Park tube station
  • Preston Road tube station
  • Queensbury tube station
  • Queen's Park station
  • South Kenton station
  • Stonebridge Park station
  • Sudbury Town tube station
  • Sudbury & Harrow Road railway station
  • Wembley Central station
  • Wembley Park tube station
  • Wembley Stadium railway station
  • Willesden Green tube station
  • Willesden Junction station

Travel to work

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were (of all residents aged 16–74):

  • underground, metro, light rail, tram, 18.3%;
  • driving a car or van, 11.5%;
  • bus, minibus or coach, 11.5%;
  • on foot, 4.6%;
  • train, 4.5%;
  • work mainly at or from home, 2.6%;
  • bicycle, 1.7%.

Landmarks

Parks and open spaces

  • Roe Green Park
  • Queen's Park
  • Roundwood Park
  • Tiverton Green
  • Gladstone Park
  • Barham Park
  • One Tree Hill Park
  • Maybank Open Space
  • King Edward VI Park

Sport and leisure

The Borough has three Non-League football clubs:

  • Tokyngton Manor F.C., which plays at Spratleys Meadow.
  • Wembley F.C., which plays at Vale Farm stadium
  • South Kilburn F.C. which plays at Vale Farm stadium.

Town twinning

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom

Brent is twinned with:

Greater LondonLondonCity of London


Coordinates: 51°33′58″N 0°16′26″W / 51.56611°N 0.27389°W / 51.56611; -0.27389

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London Borough of Brent Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.