London Borough of Camden facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
London Borough of Camden
Borough
Coat of arms of London Borough of Camden
Coat of arms
Official logo of London Borough of Camden
Council logo
Camden shown within Greater London
Camden shown within Greater London
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Created 1 April 1965
Area
 • Total 8.4 sq mi (21.8 km2)
Area rank 317th (of 326)
Population (mid-2015 est.)
 • Total 227,500
 • Rank 49th (of 326)
 • Density 27,030/sq mi (10,436/km2)
 • Ethnicity
  • 44% White British
  • 3.2% White Irish
  • 0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
  • 19% Other White
  • 1.1% White & Black Caribbean
  • 0.8% White & Black African
  • 1.8% White & Asian
  • 1.9% Other Mixed
  • 2.8% Indian
  • 0.7% Pakistani
  • 5.7% Bangladeshi
  • 2.9% Chinese
  • 4% Other Asian
  • 4.9% Black African
  • 1.6% Black Caribbean
  • 1.7% Other Black
  • 1.6% Arab
  • 2.3% Other
Time zone GMT (UTC±00:00|UTC)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Postcodes EC, N, NW, W, WC
Area code(s) 020
ONS code 00AG
GSS code E09000007
Police Metropolitan Police
Website www.camden.gov.uk
Camden London UK labelled ward map 2002
A map showing the wards of Camden since 2002
London - Camden Town by Horst Michael Lechner
Former Camden Town market (2011) – was demolished in early 2015 to make room for the Hawley Wharf redevelopment project.
2 Triton Square, London - Santander
Santander UK head office

The London Borough of Camden is a borough in north west London, and forms part of Inner London. The southern reaches of Camden form part of central London. The local authority is Camden London Borough Council.

History

The borough was created in 1965 from the former area of the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, and St Pancras, which had formed part of the County of London. The borough was named after Camden Town, which had gained its name from Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden in 1795. The transcribed diaries of William Copeland Astbury, recently made available, describe Camden and the surrounding areas in great detail from 1829–1848.

There are 162 English Heritage blue plaques in the borough of Camden representing the many diverse personalities that have lived there.

Districts and environs

The area is in the northern part of the city, reaching from Holborn and Bloomsbury in the south to Hampstead Heath in the north. Neighbouring areas are the City of Westminster and the City of London to the south, Brent to the west, Barnet and Haringey to the north and Islington to the east. It covers all or part of the N1, N6, N7, N19, NW1, NW2, NW3, NW5, NW6, NW8, EC1, WC1, WC2, W1 and W9 postcode areas. It contains parts of central London.

Demographics

Population
Year Pop. ±%
1801 96,795 —    
1811 124,741 +28.9%
1821 158,077 +26.7%
1831 192,228 +21.6%
1841 228,950 +19.1%
1851 270,197 +18.0%
1861 301,408 +11.6%
1871 332,619 +10.4%
1881 363,830 +9.4%
1891 376,500 +3.5%
1901 362,581 −3.7%
1911 349,184 −3.7%
1921 335,408 −3.9%
1931 322,212 −3.9%
1941 286,956 −10.9%
1951 255,558 −10.9%
1961 231,143 −9.6%
1971 209,097 −9.5%
1981 161,100 −23.0%
1991 181,489 +12.7%
2001 198,027 +9.1%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time

In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough were already developed and had a total population of 96,795. This continued to rise swiftly throughout the 19th century as the district became built up, reaching 270,197 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth slowed, for while many people were drawn in by new employment, others were made homeless by the new central London termini and construction of lines through the district. The population peaked at 376,500 in the 1890s, after which official efforts began to clear the overcrowded slums around St Pancras and Holborn.

After World War II, further suburban public housing was built to rehouse the many Londoners made homeless in the Blitz, and there was an exodus from London towards the new towns under the Abercrombie Plan for London (1944). As industry declined during the 1970s the population continued to decline, falling to 161,100 at the start of the 1980s. It has now begun to rise again with new housing developments on brownfield sites and the release of railway and gas work lands around Kings Cross.

The 2001 census gave Camden a population of 198,000, an undercount that was later revised to 202,600. The projected 2006 figure is 227,500.

On 20 May 1999, the Camden New Journal newspaper documented 'Two Camdens' syndrome as a high-profile phenomenon differentiating the characteristics of education services in its constituencies. In 2006, Dame Julia Neuberger's book reported similar variation as a characteristic of Camden's children's health services. Her insider's view was corroboration – in addition to the 2001 "Inequalities" report by Director of Public Health Dr. Maggie Barker of "stark contrasts in" health and education opportunities – of earlier similar Audit Commission findings and a verification/update of the 1999 CNJ report.

Transport

CamdenLock
View of the railway bridge over Camden High St. which carries the North London Line
Eurostar at St Pancras Jan 2008
St Pancras International – home to Eurostar trains
King's Cross St Pancras tube stn Euston Rd NE entrance
King's Cross St. Pancras Underground station served by the most tube lines on the network

Buses

All bus services are operated by Transport for London. Buses serve every suburb in the borough.

Rail

National Rail

Three of the fourteen central London's railway terminals are located in the borough. Euston, St. Pancras International and Kings Cross are the London termini for the West Coast, Midland and East Coast Main Lines and also High Speed 1. This connects the borough with the East of England, East Midlands, West Midlands, North East & West England, North Wales, Scotland, South East England, Northern France and Brussels.

Since 14 November 2007 when St Pancras International became the new terminus of Eurostar, a major regeneration of the area has occurred with the King's Cross Central development happening behind the station.

London Overground's North London Line services run through the borough serving Camden Road, Kentish Town West, Gospel Oak, Hampstead Heath, Finchley Road & Frognal and West Hampstead. London Overground also operates the Watford DC Line services from Euston serving South Hampstead, trains continue to Watford in Hertfordshire.

First Capital Connect Thameslink route services serve St Pancras, Kentish Town and West Hampstead Thameslink stations. Currently the Thameslink network is undergoing a major expansion project called the Thameslink Programme. This will link more places in Southern England to the borough and to the East of England. While some services on the Great Northern network, which currently terminate at King's Cross will be diverted onto the Thameslink network, all work is due to be complete by 2016.

Underground

London Underground services are provided by the Circle, Central, Hammersmith & City, Jubilee, Metropolitan, Northern, Piccadilly and Victoria lines, these all serve King's Cross St. Pancras apart from the Central and Jubilee lines. Other stations in the borough – Euston, Euston Square, Warren Street, Goodge Street, Tottenham Court Road Station, Holborn, Russell Square, Chancery Lane, Mornington Crescent, Camden Town, Chalk Farm, Belsize Park, Hampstead, West Hampstead, Finchley Road, Swiss Cottage and Kentish Town are scattered around the borough.

Future

A proposed rail or underground line called the Chelsea-Hackney line (also known as Crossrail 2 and the Chelney line) would run through the borough serving King's Cross St. Pancras tube station. The line would run between Epping and Wimbledon.

The formerly proposed Cross River Tram was going to start in the borough at Camden but was scrapped by the Mayor of London.

Travel to work

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 21.5% of all residents aged 16–74; on foot, 9.2%; bus, minibus or coach, 9.2%; driving a car or van, 6.3%; work mainly at or from home, 5.2%; train, 4.1%; bicycle, 4.1%.

Speed limit

From 16 December 2013, Camden Council introduced a borough-wide speed limit of 20 miles per hour (32 km/h), except on Transport for London red routes.


London Borough of Camden Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.