London Borough of Camden facts for kids

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London Borough of Camden
200px|Camden
Shown within Greater London
Official website http://www.camden.gov.uk/
Geography
Status London borough
Area
— Total
Ranked 345th
21.8 km²
ONS code 00AG
Admin HQ Town Hall, Judd Street
Demographics
Population
— Total (2005 est.)
Density
Ranked 50th (of 354)
226,100
10,372 / km²
Ethnicity {{{ethnicity}}}
Politics
Leadership Leader & Cabinet
Mayor Nadia Shah
Executive Liberal Democrats / Conservative
MPs Keir Starmer (Lab)
Tulip Siddiq (Lab)
London Assembly
— Member
Barnet and Camden
Andrew Dismore (Lab)
London - Camden Town by Horst Michael Lechner
Former Camden Town market (2011) – was demolished in early 2015 to make room for the Hawley Wharf redevelopment project.

The London Borough of Camden Listeni/ˈkæmdən/ is a borough in north west London, and forms part of Inner London. The southern reaches of Camden form part of central London. The local authority is Camden London Borough Council.

History

The borough was created in 1965 from the former area of the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, and St Pancras, which had formed part of the County of London. The borough was named after Camden Town, which had gained its name from Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden in 1795. The transcribed diaries of William Copeland Astbury, recently made available, describe Camden and the surrounding areas in great detail from 1829–1848.

There are 162 English Heritage blue plaques in the borough of Camden representing the many diverse personalities that have lived there.

Districts and environs

The area is in the northern part of the city, reaching from Holborn and Bloomsbury in the south to Hampstead Heath in the north. Neighbouring areas are the City of Westminster and the City of London to the south, Brent to the west, Barnet and Haringey to the north and Islington to the east. It covers all or part of the N1, N6, N7, N19, NW1, NW2, NW3, NW5, NW6, NW8, EC1, WC1, WC2, W1 and W9 postcode areas. It contains parts of central London.

Demographics

Population
Year Pop. ±%
1801 96,795 —    
1811 124,741 +28.9%
1821 158,077 +26.7%
1831 192,228 +21.6%
1841 228,950 +19.1%
1851 270,197 +18.0%
1861 301,408 +11.6%
1871 332,619 +10.4%
1881 363,830 +9.4%
1891 376,500 +3.5%
1901 362,581 −3.7%
1911 349,184 −3.7%
1921 335,408 −3.9%
1931 322,212 −3.9%
1941 286,956 −10.9%
1951 255,558 −10.9%
1961 231,143 −9.6%
1971 209,097 −9.5%
1981 161,100 −23.0%
1991 181,489 +12.7%
2001 198,027 +9.1%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time

In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough were already developed and had a total population of 96,795. This continued to rise swiftly throughout the 19th century as the district became built up, reaching 270,197 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth slowed, for while many people were drawn in by new employment, others were made homeless by the new central London termini and construction of lines through the district. The population peaked at 376,500 in the 1890s, after which official efforts began to clear the overcrowded slums around St Pancras and Holborn.

After World War II, further suburban public housing was built to rehouse the many Londoners made homeless in the Blitz, and there was an exodus from London towards the new towns under the Abercrombie Plan for London (1944). As industry declined during the 1970s the population continued to decline, falling to 161,100 at the start of the 1980s. It has now begun to rise again with new housing developments on brownfield sites and the release of railway and gas work lands around Kings Cross.

The 2001 census gave Camden a population of 198,000, an undercount that was later revised to 202,600. The projected 2006 figure is 227,500.

On 20 May 1999, the Camden New Journal newspaper documented 'Two Camdens' syndrome as a high-profile phenomenon differentiating the characteristics of education services in its constituencies. In 2006, Dame Julia Neuberger's book reported similar variation as a characteristic of Camden's children's health services. Her insider's view was corroboration – in addition to the 2001 "Inequalities" report by Director of Public Health Dr. Maggie Barker of "stark contrasts in" health and education opportunities – of earlier similar Audit Commission findings and a verification/update of the 1999 CNJ report.

Major public or private bodies

  • The Architectural Association
  • Birkbeck, University of London
  • The British Library
  • British Medical Association
  • The British Museum
  • Cancer Research UK
  • Central School of Speech and Drama
  • Euston station
  • Francis Crick Institute (under construction)
  • Friends House
  • Great Ormond Street Hospital
  • Goodenough College
  • Lincoln's Inn
  • King's Cross railway station
  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (part of University of London)
  • National Union of Students
  • Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
  • Royal College of General Practitioners
  • Royal College of Physicians
  • Royal College of Surgeons
  • Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
  • Royal Free Hospital
  • Royal Veterinary College (Camden Campus)
  • Senate House (University of London)
  • School of Oriental and African Studies
  • Slade School of Fine Art
  • St Pancras Hospital
  • St. Pancras station
  • Student Central
  • Trades Union Congress (TUC)
  • University College Hospital
  • University College London
  • The University of Law
  • University of London Union
  • Wellcome Trust
  • Working Men's College

Attractions

See also Camden parks and open spaces
  • Bloomsbury Theatre
  • BT Tower
  • Camden Arts Centre
  • Camden catacombs (see also Catacombs of London)
  • Camden Market
  • Parts of Covent Garden
  • Dickens House
  • Dominion Theatre
  • Drama Centre London
  • Fenton House
  • Foundling Museum
  • Freud Museum
  • Grant Museum of Zoology
  • Gray's Inn
  • Hampstead Cemetery
  • Hampstead Heath
  • Hatton Garden
  • Highgate Cemetery
  • Keats' House
  • Kenwood House
  • Lincoln's Inn
  • Parliament Hill Lido
  • Phoenix Garden
  • The eastern part of Regent's Park is in the borough
  • The Roundhouse
  • Russell Square
  • Shaftesbury Theatre
  • Sir John Soane's Museum
  • Upstairs at The Gatehouse
  • World's End (Camden)
  • London Zoo
  • London Astoria
  • Electric Ballroom
  • Wellcome Collection
  • Primrose Hill

Transport

CamdenLock
View of the railway bridge over Camden High St. which carries the North London Line
Eurostar at St Pancras Jan 2008
St Pancras International – home to Eurostar trains
King's Cross St Pancras tube stn Euston Rd NE entrance
King's Cross St. Pancras Underground station served by the most tube lines on the network

Buses

All bus services are operated by Transport for London. Buses serve every suburb in the borough.

Rail

National Rail

Three of the fourteen central London's railway terminals are located in the borough. Euston, St. Pancras International and Kings Cross are the London termini for the West Coast, Midland and East Coast Main Lines and also High Speed 1. This connects the borough with the East of England, East Midlands, West Midlands, North East & West England, North Wales, Scotland, South East England, Northern France and Brussels.

Since 14 November 2007 when St Pancras International became the new terminus of Eurostar, a major regeneration of the area has occurred with the King's Cross Central development happening behind the station.

London Overground's North London Line services run through the borough serving Camden Road, Kentish Town West, Gospel Oak, Hampstead Heath, Finchley Road & Frognal and West Hampstead. London Overground also operates the Watford DC Line services from Euston serving South Hampstead, trains continue to Watford in Hertfordshire.

First Capital Connect Thameslink route services serve St Pancras, Kentish Town and West Hampstead Thameslink stations. Currently the Thameslink network is undergoing a major expansion project called the Thameslink Programme. This will link more places in Southern England to the borough and to the East of England. While some services on the Great Northern network, which currently terminate at King's Cross will be diverted onto the Thameslink network, all work is due to be complete by 2016.

Underground

London Underground services are provided by the Circle, Central, Hammersmith & City, Jubilee, Metropolitan, Northern, Piccadilly and Victoria lines, these all serve King's Cross St. Pancras apart from the Central and Jubilee lines. Other stations in the borough – Euston, Euston Square, Warren Street, Goodge Street, Tottenham Court Road Station, Holborn, Russell Square, Chancery Lane, Mornington Crescent, Camden Town, Chalk Farm, Belsize Park, Hampstead, West Hampstead, Finchley Road, Swiss Cottage and Kentish Town are scattered around the borough.

Future

A proposed rail or underground line called the Chelsea-Hackney line (also known as Crossrail 2 and the Chelney line) would run through the borough serving King's Cross St. Pancras tube station. The line would run between Epping and Wimbledon.

The formerly proposed Cross River Tram was going to start in the borough at Camden but was scrapped by the Mayor of London.

Travel to work

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: underground, metro, light rail, tram, 21.5% of all residents aged 16–74; on foot, 9.2%; bus, minibus or coach, 9.2%; driving a car or van, 6.3%; work mainly at or from home, 5.2%; train, 4.1%; bicycle, 4.1%.

Speed limit

From 16 December 2013, Camden Council introduced a borough-wide speed limit of 20 miles per hour (32 km/h), except on Transport for London red routes.

London Fire Brigade

Four fire stations (Belsize, Euston, Kentish Town, West Hampstead) are operated by London Fire Brigade in the borough of Camden. None of these fire stations are home to any specialist units; just pumping appliances and a rescue tender. In 2006/2007, the four stations attended just under eight thousand incidents.

During 2006/2007 the ward of King's Cross had the most malicious calls, with over 40 against a total for the borough of 161.

Since 2002, Camden has seen a steady decrease in the number of fires attended (2002/2003: 768; 2006/2007: 547 (−28%)), something the LFB will put down to its commitment to its Community Fire Safety scheme.

Three of London's busiest railway stations are in the borough, namely Euston, King's Cross, and St. Pancras. Somewhere in the region of 52 million passengers using the three every year.

Images for kids


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