London Borough of Harrow facts for kids

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London Borough of Harrow
200px|Harrow
Shown within Greater London
Official website http://www.harrow.gov.uk/
Geography
Status London borough
Area
— Total
Ranked 299th
50.47 km²
ONS code 00AQ
Admin HQ Civic Centre
Station Road
Harrow
Demographics
Population
— Total (2005 est.)
Density
Ranked 60th (of 354)
214,000
4,240 / km²
Ethnicity 35.8% White British, 20% white other
29.7% South Asian
8.1% African-Caribbean
1.2% Chinese
Politics
Leadership Leader and Cabinet
Mayor Cllr Ajay Maru
Executive Conservative
MPs Gareth Thomas
Bob Blackman
Nick Hurd
London Assembly
— Member
Brent and Harrow
Navin Shah

The London Borough of Harrow /ˈhær/ is a London borough of north-west London, England. It borders Hertfordshire to the north and other London boroughs: Hillingdon to the west, Ealing to the south, Brent to the south-east and Barnet to the east. The local authority is Harrow London Borough Council.

History

Harrow1961
Harrow within Middlesex in 1961

Harrow Urban District was formed in 1934 as an urban district of Middlesex by the Middlesex Review Order 1934, as a merger of the former area of Harrow on the Hill Urban District, Hendon Rural District and Wealdstone Urban District. The local authority was Harrow Urban District Council.

The urban district gained the status of municipal borough on 4 May 1954 and the urban district council became Harrow Borough Council. The 50th anniversary of the incorporation as a borough was celebrated in April 2004, which included a visit by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

In 1965 the municipal borough was abolished and its former area was transferred to Greater London from Middlesex under the London Government Act 1963 to form the London Borough of Harrow. It is uniquely the only London borough to replicate exactly the unchanged boundaries of a single former district. This was probably because its population was large enough. According to the 1961 census it had a population of 209 080, making it the largest local government district in Middlesex.

Demographics

Affluency

The presence of Harrow School on the main 'Hill' of Harrow has preserved the myth that it is an affluent, leafy area (recent house price averages on the Hill were £1,500,000), but the affluence of the Hill is now surrounded by typical north-west London suburbia of 1930s semi-detached houses and flats.

Some may consider it affluent in comparison to other similar areas of London but more recent studies are proving that there is increasing poverty. Crime figures are low; the borough had 2,618 notifiable offences in April 2009, compared with an average of 2,204 across London's boroughs. Harrow Council is focusing regeneration efforts on areas such as Wealdstone and South Harrow and many new 'key service workers'-type flats are springing up. In the north part of the borough, there is a greenbelt strip of highly affluent housing in the areas of Northwood, Pinner and Stanmore.

Harrow is considered a borough of "contrasts", with high levels of affluence in such areas as Harrow-on-the-Hill, Pinner, and Stanmore and high levels of deprivation in Wealdstone and South Harrow. Save the Children reported in 2011 that over 7,000 children are living in poverty in the Borough.

Location

Its site on and near the greenbelt and ease of access to central London (20 minutes by train to Marylebone and 12 minutes to Euston via London Midland) makes Harrow a good place to live not only for families but affluent singles as well. Rising property prices in all London areas have helped to see a large increase in property redevelopment of its existing Edwardian and 1920s to 1940s housing stock, which in turn is attracting new residents looking for a clean, safe, and relatively green environment to live in, close to central London.

Ethnicity

Harrow is a diverse borough, having 63.8% of its population from the BME (Black and Minority Ethnic) communities, with the largest group being of Indian ethnicity (specifically those from Gujarat and South India). The borough can also claim to have the largest concentration of Sri Lankan Tamils in the UK and Ireland as well as having the highest density of Gujarati Hindus as well as Jains in the UK. Census data shows that the majority of Sri Lankan Tamils live in the areas of North Harrow, South Harrow and Rayners Lane. Indians are mostly in the eastern Kenton and Queensbury areas.

Wards with the highest white British population were:

  • Pinner
  • Pinner South (a long-stretched ward covering Pinner Village, the area west of North Harrow and Rayners Lane, and east of Eastcote)
  • Stanmore Park (an area mostly covering Stanmore)

The lowest wards meanwhile were:

  • Kenton East (the area west of Honeypot Lane, bordering Kenton Lane),
  • Queensbury (the area north of the station, around Honeypot Lane)

Since 2005, on the last Sunday in June Harrow Council hosts Under One Sky - Harrow's largest festival, to celebrate and the joint communities of Harrow. This has a programme of dance, world music, sports activity, youth music, spoken word, free children's activity, a carnival parade, information and stalls, health promotion, a world food zone and outside radio broadcast.

Religion

Harrow is the most religiously diverse local authority area in the UK, with a 62% chance that two random people are from different religions, according to Office for National Statistics, October 2006. According to the 2011 census 25.3% of Harrow's population identified themselves as Hindu - the highest in the UK. A large number of Jewish people live in Stanmore and Hatch End. The Stanmore and Canons Park Synagogue boasts the largest membership of any single synagogue in the whole of Europe.

As per the 2011 census, Harrow has a larger than average Jewish, Hindu and Muslim population.

Religion Harrow
%
National
%
Christianity 37.3 59.4
Hinduism 25.3 1.5
Islam 12.5 5.0
Judaism 4.4 0.5
No religion 9.6 24.7
Religion not stated 15.4 7.2
Other

It was shown a national detailed Land Use Survey by the Office for National Statistics in 2005 that the London Borough of Harrow had the second highest proportion of land being domestic gardens: 34.7% of all 326 districts in England; this compared with the London Borough of Sutton's 35.1% (highest proportion nationally) and Bournemouth's 34.6%.

Arts and culture

The first and only contemporary artist-led gallery in Harrow was set up in 2010 by the Usurp Art Collective. The space is called the Usurp Art Gallery & Studios and is based in West Harrow, a bohemian part of Harrow. Usurp Art provides professional support to artists and runs the only public artists studios in the borough. It is a flagship project for Arts Council England.

Sport and leisure

The London Borough of Harrow has one League 2 football club: Barnet F.C., who moved to The Hive Stadium from the neighbouring London Borough of Barnet in 2013; and three non-League clubs: Wealdstone FC who play at The Vale, Harrow Borough F.C. who play at Earlsmead Stadium and Rayners Lane F.C. who play at the Tithe Farm Social Club. Five of the 30 cricket clubs which play in the Middlesex County Cricket League are based in the London Borough of Harrow: Harrow, Harrow St Mary's, Harrow Town, Kenton and Stanmore. Hatch End Cricket Club previously played at Shaftesbury playing fields in Hatch End but following an arson attack on their clubhouse and a subsequent failure to raise enough funds to build a new one, the club moved to Elstree in 2011.

Harrow also had a professional rugby league team when London Broncos played at The Hive Stadium in 2014 and 2015. The club relocated to Ealing from 2016 onwards.

Districts and postcodes

Transport

London bus route 32, 79, 92, 107, 114, 140, 142, 182, 183, 186, 204, 223, 251, 258, 282, 288, 292, 302, 303, 324, 340, 395, 398, 483, 487, H9, H10, H11, H12, H13, H14, H17, H18, H19, night route N5, N16, N18 and N98.

The numerous National Rail, London Overground and London Underground stations in the borough are:

  • Canons Park tube station
  • Harrow & Wealdstone station
  • Harrow-on-the-Hill station
  • Hatch End railway station
  • Headstone Lane railway station
  • North Harrow tube station
  • Northolt Park railway station
  • Pinner tube station
  • Rayners Lane tube station
  • South Harrow tube station
  • Stanmore tube station
  • Sudbury Hill tube station
  • Sudbury Hill Harrow railway station
  • West Harrow tube station

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: driving a car or van, 27.5% of all residents aged 16–74; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 5.9%; bus, minibus or coach, 5.9%; train, 4.5%; on foot, 4.3%; work mainly at or from home, 3.5%; passenger in a car or van, 1.6%.

Town twinning

Harrow is twinned with:

  • France Douai, France

Images for kids


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