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London Borough of Harrow
Coat of arms of London Borough of Harrow
Coat of arms
Official logo of London Borough of Harrow
Council logo
Motto(s): 
Salus populi suprema lex
(The well-being of the people is the highest law)
Harrow shown within Greater London
Harrow shown within Greater London
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Created 1 April 1965
Admin HQ Civic Centre
Station Road
Harrow
Government
 • Type London borough council
 • Body Harrow London Borough Council
Area
 • Total 19.49 sq mi (50.47 km2)
Area rank 270th (of 326)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 251,160
 • Rank 70th (of 326)
 • Density 12,888.9/sq mi (4,976.4/km2)
 • Ethnicity
30.9% White British
3.1% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
8.2% Other White
1% White & Black Caribbean
0.4% White & Black African
1.4% White & Asian
1.1% Other Mixed
26.4% Indian
3.3% Pakistani
0.6% Bangladeshi
1.1% Chinese
11.3% Other Asian
3.6% Black African
2.8% Black Caribbean
1.8% Other Black
1.6% Arab
1.4% Other
Time zone UTC (GMT)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+1 (BST)
Postcodes
HA, NW, UB
Area code(s) 020
ONS code 00AQ
GSS code E09000015
Police Metropolitan Police
Website http://www.harrow.gov.uk/

The London Borough of Harrow is a London borough in north-west London, England, and forms part of Outer London. It borders four other London boroughs – Barnet to the east of ancient Watling Street (now the A5 road), Brent to the south-east, Ealing to the south and Hillingdon to the west – plus the Hertfordshire districts of Three Rivers and Hertsmere to the north. The local authority is Harrow London Borough Council. The London borough was formed in 1965, based on boundaries that had been established in 1934. The borough is made up of three towns: Harrow proper, Pinner, and Stanmore, but also includes western parts of Edgware; it is of suburban character and includes some countryside in the northern outskirts.

History

Harrow1961
Harrow within Middlesex in 1961

Harrow Urban District was formed in 1934 as an urban district of Middlesex by the Middlesex Review Order 1934, as a merger of the former area of Harrow on the Hill Urban District, Hendon Rural District and Wealdstone Urban District. The local authority was Harrow Urban District Council.

The urban district gained the status of municipal borough on 4 May 1954 and the urban district council became Harrow Borough Council. The 50th anniversary of the incorporation as a borough was celebrated in April 2004, which included a visit by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

In 1965 the municipal borough was abolished and its former area was transferred to Greater London from Middlesex under the London Government Act 1963 to form the London Borough of Harrow. It is uniquely the only London borough to replicate exactly the unchanged boundaries of a single former district. This was probably because its population was large enough. According to the 1961 census it had a population of 209 080, making it the largest local government district in Middlesex.

Demographics

Location

Its site on and near the greenbelt and ease of access to central London (20 minutes by train to Marylebone and 12 minutes to Euston via West Midlands Trains) make Harrow a convenient place to live. Rising property prices in all London areas have helped to see a large increase in property redevelopment of its existing Edwardian and 1920s to 1940s housing stock.

Ethnicity

Harrow is a diverse borough, having 63.8% of its population from the BME (Black and Minority Ethnic) communities, with the largest group being of Indian ethnicity (specifically those from Gujarat and South India). The borough can also claim to have the largest concentration of Sri Lankan Tamils in the UK and Ireland as well as having the highest density of Gujarati Hindus as well as Jains in the UK.

Ethnic Group 2001 2011
Number % Number %
White: British 103,207 49.90% 73,826 30.8%
White: Irish 9,057 4.38% 7,336 3.0%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 0.00% 181 0.07%
White: Other 9,279 4.49% 19,648 8.2%
White: Total 121,543 58.77% 100,991 42.07%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 45,310 21.91% 63,051 26.3%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 4,317 2.09% 7,797 3.2%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 953 0.46% 1,378 0.5%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 2,567 1.24% 2,629 1.0%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian 10,734 5.19% 26,953 11.2%
Asian or Asian British: Total 61,314 29.65% 101,808 42.2%
Black or Black British: African 5,656 2.73% 8,526 3.5%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 6,116 2.96% 6,812 2.8%
Black or Black British: Other Black 931 0.45% 4,370 1.8%
Black or Black British: Total 12,703 6.14% 19,708 8.1%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean 1,371 0.66% 2,344 0.9%
Mixed: White and Black African 633 0.31% 1,053 0.4%
Mixed: White and Asian 2,018 0.98% 3,417 1.4%
Mixed: Other Mixed 1,818 0.88% 2,685 1.1%
Mixed: Total 5,840 2.82% 9,499 3.8%
Other: Arab 0.00% 3,708 1.5%
Other: Any other ethnic group 2,847 1.38% 3,342 1.3%
Other: Total 2,847 1.38% 7,050 2.8%
Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total 85,271 41.23% 138,065 57.93%
Total 206,814 100.00% 239,056 100.00%
Population
Year Pop. ±%
1801 3,240 —    
1811 3,969 +22.5%
1821 4,383 +10.4%
1831 5,342 +21.9%
1841 5,829 +9.1%
1851 5,980 +2.6%
1861 7,424 +24.1%
1871 8,869 +19.5%
1881 10,313 +16.3%
1891 12,231 +18.6%
1901 22,683 +85.5%
1911 42,065 +85.4%
1921 64,431 +53.2%
1931 98,694 +53.2%
1941 146,617 +48.6%
1951 217,811 +48.6%
1961 210,424 −3.4%
1971 203,309 −3.4%
1981 196,147 −3.5%
1991 203,769 +3.9%
2001 207,389 +1.8%
2011 239,056 +15.3%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time, citing Census population

Wards with the highest white British population were:

  • Pinner
  • Pinner South (a long-stretched ward covering Pinner Village, the area west of North Harrow and Rayners Lane, and east of Eastcote)
  • Stanmore Park (an area mostly covering Stanmore)

The lowest wards meanwhile were:

  • Kenton East (the area west of Honeypot Lane, bordering Kenton Lane),
  • Queensbury (the area north of the station, around Honeypot Lane)

Since 2005, on the last Sunday in June Harrow Council hosts Under One Sky - Harrow's largest festival, to celebrate and the joint communities of Harrow. This has a programme of dance, world music, sports activity, youth music, spoken word, free children's activity, a carnival parade, information and stalls, health promotion, a world food zone and outside radio broadcast.

Religion



Circle frame-1.svg

Religion in Harrow as of 2011      Christianity (37.3%)     Hindu (25.3%)     Islam (12.5%)     Irreligion (9.6%)     Jewish (4.4%)     Not Stated (15.4%)     Other (-4.5%)

Hindu Temple, Kenton, Harrow - geograph.org.uk - 98989
Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, London (Harrow)

Harrow is the most religiously diverse local authority area in the UK, with a 62% chance that two random people are from different religions, according to Office for National Statistics, October 2006. According to the 2011 census, 25.3% of Harrow's population identified themselves as Hindu - the highest in the UK. A large number of Jewish people live in Stanmore and Hatch End. The Stanmore and Canons Park Synagogue boasts the largest membership of any single synagogue in the whole of Europe. Harrow also has a sizable Muslim community, about 1 in 10 of its population.

As per the 2011 census, Harrow has a larger than average Jewish, Hindu and Muslim population.

Religion Harrow
%
National
%
Christianity 37.3 59.4
Hinduism 25.3 1.5
Islam 12.5 5.0
Judaism 4.4 0.5
No religion 9.6 24.7
Religion not stated 15.4 7.2

Other

In a national detailed Land Use Survey by the Office for National Statistics in 2005 it was found that the London Borough of Harrow had the second highest proportion of land being domestic gardens: 34.7% of all 326 districts in England; this compared with the London Borough of Sutton's 35.1% (highest proportion nationally) and Bournemouth's 34.6%.

Arts and culture

The first and only contemporary artist-led gallery in Harrow was set up in 2010 by the Usurp Art Collective. The space is called the Usurp Art Gallery & Studios and is based in West Harrow, a bohemian part of Harrow. Usurp Art provides professional support to artists and runs the only public artists studios in the borough. It is a flagship project for Arts Council England.

Sport and leisure

The London Borough of Harrow has one League 2 football club: Barnet F.C., who moved to The Hive Stadium from the neighbouring London Borough of Barnet in 2013; and three non-League clubs: Wealdstone FC who play at The Vale, Harrow Borough F.C. who play at Earlsmead Stadium and Rayners Lane F.C. who play at the Tithe Farm Social Club. Five of the 30 cricket clubs which play in the Middlesex County Cricket League are based in the London Borough of Harrow: Harrow, Harrow St Mary's, Harrow Town, Kenton and Stanmore. Hatch End Cricket Club previously played at Shaftesbury playing fields in Hatch End but following an arson attack on their clubhouse and a subsequent failure to raise enough funds to build a new one, the club moved to Elstree in 2011.

Harrow also had a professional rugby league team when London Broncos played at The Hive Stadium in 2014 and 2015. The club relocated to Ealing from 2016 onwards.

Districts and postcodes

Transport

The London Borough of Harrow was historically in the heart of an area known as "Metro-land" and therefore is very well served by the London Underground compared with other boroughs in Outer London. It is located near the northwestern extremity of the modern-day network, with 4 lines serving the area. The Bakerloo and Jubilee lines terminate in the borough, at Harrow and Stanmore respectively. Meanwhile, the Piccadilly and Metropolitan lines pass through the southern edge of the borough on shared track before both terminating at Uxbridge. The Northern line terminates just outside Harrow at Edgware tube station in the London Borough of Barnet.

The London Overground also serves the borough, sharing track with the Bakerloo line between Queens Park and Harrow & Wealdstone before it continues beyond the latter station to eventually terminate at Watford Junction.

The numerous National Rail, London Overground and London Underground stations in the borough are:

  • Canons Park
  • Harrow & Wealdstone
  • Harrow-on-the-Hill
  • Hatch End
  • Headstone Lane
  • North Harrow
  • Pinner
  • Rayners Lane
  • South Harrow
  • Stanmore
  • Sudbury Hill
  • Sudbury Hill Harrow
  • West Harrow

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: driving a car or van, 27.5% of all residents aged 16–74; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 5.9%; bus, minibus or coach, 5.9%; train, 4.5%; on foot, 4.3%; work mainly at or from home, 3.5%; passenger in a car or van, 1.6%.

Town twinning

Harrow is twinned with:

Economy

Major employers included Kodak, the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital and Ladbrokes, which formally has its headquarters in Harrow.

Education

The borough is often perceived as having a good educational record, and features many state-funded primary and secondary schools as well as a handful of large tertiary colleges.

For a long time the secondary schools of Harrow did not feature integrated sixth form education, with all school leavers having to join the tertiary colleges such as Harrow College and Stanmore College, or the faith-based St Dominic's Sixth Form College. The tertiary system was implemented in 1987 after years of discussions and delays, with Harrow becoming the first London borough with a complete change to tertiary; the Pinner Observer called it an education "revolution". There have been critics of the tertiary colleges, with many arguing the standard of education does not continue the standard set by the Borough's secondary schools. The council eventually went into another re-organisation, creating the Harrow Sixth Form Collegiate, a co-ordinated partnership between many of the borough's secondary schools, which led to the first admission of school sixth form students in September 2008. Both Catholic faith-based Salvatorian College and Sacred Heart Language College were unaffected, the students of which could transfer to St Dominic's Sixth Form College.

From September 2010, the primary sector was modified to enable transfer to secondary education at age 11 in line with other London Boroughs.

The Borough has a Music Service which provides instrumental tuition for 15% of all Harrow state sector pupils (the national figure is 8% of all state pupils receiving instrumental tuition) and a range of ensemble opportunities for pupils.

The independent schools of the Borough are dominated by the presence of Harrow School and John Lyon School for boys and North London Collegiate School for girls which consistently rank as among the best schools in the country. Notable independent primary schools include Orley Farm School and Reddiford School, both of which are co-educational.

There are also a number of voluntary aided schools in the Borough. These include: Salvatorian College (Roman Catholic, Boys), Sacred Heart Language College (Roman Catholic, Girls) and Moriah Jewish Day School (Jewish, Co-ed).

There are two special needs high schools; Kingsley High School (Co-ed) and Shaftesbury High School (Co-ed).

Other state secondary schools in the London Borough of Harrow are: Whitefriars High School (Co-ed); Bentley Wood High School (Girls); Canons High School (Co-ed); Harrow High School (Co-ed); Hatch End High School (Co-ed); Nower Hill High School (Co-ed); Park High School (Co-ed); Rooks Heath School (Co-ed); Whitmore High School (Co-ed). Mountview High School in Wealdstone - a comprehensive school formed out of Whitefriars Secondary Modern in the early 1970s - closed in 1986 with the site being partially redeveloped into industrial units. The catchment area was dispersed between Nower Hill and Hatch End Schools.

Middle schools include Whitchurch Middle School.

GCSE examination performance
School A*-C Pass Rate
2008
A*-C Pass Rate
2009
A*-C Pass Rate
2010
English Baccalaureate
Pass Rate
2010
A*-C Pass Rate
2011
English Baccalaureate
Pass Rate
2011
Bentley Wood High School 59% 58% 61% 30% 69% 36%
Canons High School 49% 46% 54% 2% 52% 12%
Harrow High School 52% 43% 31% 5% 35% 3%
Hatch End High School 51% 59% 55% 24% 49% 20%
Nower Hill High School 68% 57% 79% 27% 78% 16%
Park High School 66% 72% 66% 15% 71% 23%
Rooks Heath School 37% 42% 52% 11% 48% 12%
Sacred Heart College 76% 86% 77% 53% 84% 59%
Salvatorian College 67% 67% 74% 27% 73% 26%
Whitmore High School 65% 64% 60% 35% 70% 40%
Average for London Borough of Harrow 57.7% 60.8% 60.7% 22.6% tba tba
Average for England 47.6% 50.7% 55.2% 15.1% tba tba
  • The table on shows the percentage of students gaining five A* to C grades, including English and Maths, for state schools in the London Borough of Harrow
  • The rightmost column shows the percentage of students gaining five A* to C grades, in five core subjects - maths, English, two science qualifications, a foreign language and either history or geography.
  • Source: Department for Education

All of Harrow's pupils have the chance to be elected onto the Harrow Youth Parliament. This is a group of around 50 young people in the Borough who come together to work on projects that benefit other young people. They are also the official youth voice for the council and are in constant communication with the council on all youth matters.

Notable residents

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Municipio de Harrow (Londres) para niños

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