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London Borough of Hillingdon
Coat of arms of London Borough of Hillingdon
Coat of arms
Official logo of London Borough of Hillingdon
Council logo
Motto(s): 
Forward
Hillingdon shown within Greater London
Hillingdon shown within Greater London
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Created 1 April 1965
Admin HQ Hillingdon Civic Centre,
Uxbridge
Government
 • Type London borough council
 • Body Hillingdon London Borough Council
Area
 • Total 44.67 sq mi (115.70 km2)
Area rank 203rd (of 326)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 306,870
 • Rank 40th (of 326)
 • Density 6,869.4/sq mi (2,652.29/km2)
 • Ethnicity
52.2% White British
2.2% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
6.1% Other White
1% White & Black Caribbean
0.5% White & Black African
1.3% White & Asian
1% Other Mixed
13.4% Indian
3.4% Pakistani
1% Bangladeshi
1.1% Chinese
6.5% Other Asian
4.1% Black African
1.7% Black Caribbean
1.5% Other Black
1.1% Arab
1.9% Other
Time zone UTC (GMT)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+1 (BST)
Postcodes
HA, TW, UB, WD
Area codes 01895, 01923, 020
ONS code 00AS
GSS code E09000017
Police Metropolitan Police

The London Borough of Hillingdon is a large borough in West London, England. It was formed from the districts of Hayes and Harlington, Ruislip-Northwood, Uxbridge, and Yiewsley and West Drayton in the ceremonial county of Middlesex. Today, Hillingdon is home to Heathrow Airport (which straddles the border between Hillingdon and Hounslow) and Brunel University, and is the second largest of the 32 London boroughs by area.

The main towns in the borough are Hayes, Ruislip, Northwood, West Drayton and Uxbridge. Hillingdon is the second least densely populated of the London boroughs, due to a combination of large rural land in the north, RAF Northolt Aerodrome, and the large Heathrow Airport.

History

The borough was formed in 1965 from the Hayes and Harlington Urban District, Municipal Borough of Uxbridge, Ruislip-Northwood Urban District, and Yiewsley and West Drayton Urban District of Middlesex. The councils involved were initially unable to decide upon a name, with Keith Joseph suggesting "Uxbridge" in October 1963, later revised to Hillingdon.

The coat of arms for the London Borough of Hillingdon was granted on 22 March 1965. Between 1973 and 1978, the borough's civic centre was built in Uxbridge.

The borough has been twinned with the French town of Mantes-la-Jolie and the German town of Schleswig since the Hayes & Harlington Urban District created the link in 1958. The twinning programme was reviewed in 2011 and it was suggested that the link with Schleswig be ended owing to a lack of contact between the towns. In December 2011, the borough decided instead to end the link with a second German town, Emden, citing administrative problems.

Population grew from 2001–2011 by 11.5% - 4.4% above the England and Wales mean of 7.1% - as part of the fastest population-growth area, Greater London. By comparison Merton and Bromley had growth of 4.5% and Tower Hamlets had growth of 26.4%. Households increased from 2001–2011 by 3.3%, and the average number of people per household was 2.7.

Districts

The borough comprises 17 main districts, several of which have neighbourhoods, communities or localities within them and one of which is historic:

Town/District/Village 1 2 3 4
Cowley Cowley Peachey Little Britain or Cowley Lock
Cranford
Eastcote Eastcote Village
Harefield Mount Pleasant South Harefield Hill End
Harlington Cranford Park Pinkwell Park
Harmondsworth
Hayes Wood End Green or Wood End Hayes End
Heathrow — historic
Hillingdon North Hillingdon Colham Green Hillingdon Heath or Gould's Green
Ickenham
Longford
Northwood Northwood Hills
Ruislip Ruislip Common Ruislip Manor Ruislip Gardens West Ruislip
Sipson
South Ruislip
Uxbridge Uxbridge Common Uxbridge Moor
West Drayton
Yeading (south)
Yiewsley

For local elections, the borough is further divided into wards: Barnhill Ward, Botwell Ward, Brunel Ward, Cavendish Ward, Charville Ward, Eastcote and East Ruislip Ward, Harefield Ward, Heathrow Villages Ward, Hillingdon East Ward, Ickenham Ward, Manor Ward, Northwood Hills Ward, Northwood Ward, Pinkwell Ward, South Ruislip Ward, Townfield Ward, Uxbridge North Ward, Uxbridge South Ward, West Drayton Ward, West Ruislip Ward, Yeading Ward, Yiewsley Ward:.

The borough also includes RAF Northolt and the former sites of RAF Eastcote, RAF South Ruislip, RAF West Drayton, RAF Ruislip 4MU, RAF West Ruislip and RAF Uxbridge.

Demographics

Population

From 2001 to 2011 the borough's population grew by 11.5% (4.4% above the England and Wales mean of 7.1%). By comparison Merton and Bromley grew by 4.5% and Tower Hamlets grew by 26.4%. The number of households increased from 2001 to 2011 by 3.3%, and the average number of people per household was 2.7.

Population
Year Pop. ±%
1801 9,232 —    
1811 11,033 +19.5%
1821 12,788 +15.9%
1831 14,484 +13.3%
1841 18,329 +26.5%
1851 18,744 +2.3%
1861 20,672 +10.3%
1871 22,600 +9.3%
1881 24,528 +8.5%
1891 26,640 +8.6%
1901 32,548 +22.2%
1911 39,768 +22.2%
1921 58,681 +47.6%
1931 86,613 +47.6%
1941 137,278 +58.5%
1951 217,616 +58.5%
1961 226,074 +3.9%
1971 234,867 +3.9%
1981 226,256 −3.7%
1991 236,720 +4.6%
2001 242,435 +2.4%
2011 273,936 +13.0%
Source: A Vision of Britain through time, citing Census population

Ethnicity

52.2% of the borough's population identified themselves as White British in the 2011 census. In the south-east of the borough, in particular Hayes there is a high population of South Asian residents.

The wards where Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic Residents comprise the largest racial groups are:

  • Barnhill (partly covering eastern Hayes, south of Yeading),
  • Pinkwell (mostly the area around the railway station in southern Hayes),
  • Townfield (Part of eastern Hayes and west of Southall),
  • Yeading (Eastern Hayes)

Whites as a whole form 60.6% of the borough, Asian residents 25.3%, and Black residents 7.3%. In addition, the most common language, English (81.2%), is followed by Punjabi (3.4%), Polish (1.5%), Tamil (1.4%) and Urdu (1.3%).

Ethnic Group 2001 2011
Number % Number %
White: British 176,244 72.5% 142,916 52.1%
White: Irish 6,911 2.8% 5,949 2.1%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller 344 0.1%
White: Other 8,965 3.7% 16,822 6.1%
White: Total 192,120 79.1% 166,031 60.4%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 23,234 9.6% 36,795 13.4%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 3,816 1.6% 9,200 3.3%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 1,459 0.6% 2,639 0.9%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese 1,883 0.8% 2,889 1.0%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian 4,539 1.9% 17,730 6.4%
Asian or Asian British: Total 33,048 13.6% 69,253 25.0%
Black or Black British: African 4,227 1.7% 11,275 4.1%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 3,275 1.3% 4,615 1.6%
Black or Black British: Other Black 504 0.2% 4,192 1.5%
Black or Black British: Total 8,006 3.3% 20,082 7.2%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean 1,427 0.6% 2,719 0.9%
Mixed: White and Black African 694 0.3% 1,409 0.5%
Mixed: White and Asian 1,983 0.8% 3,602 1.3%
Mixed: Other Mixed 1,484 0.6% 2,749 1.0%
Mixed: Total 5,588 2.3% 10,479 3.7%
Other: Arab 2,925 1.0%
Other: Any other ethnic group 2,847 1.2% 5,166 1.8%
Other: Total 2,847 1.2% 8,091 2.8%
Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total 50,886 20.9% 107,905 39.6%
Total 243,006 100.00% 273,936 100.00%

Parks and recreation

Eastcote House Gardens Dovecote
The Eastcote House walled garden

The borough maintains over 200 green spaces, totalling around 1,800 acres (730 ha). As much of the area is within the Metropolitan Green Belt it was, in 2008, one of the least densely populated of all the London boroughs; open spaces range in size from the Colne Valley Regional Park by the River Colne in the north of the borough, to smaller gardens and parks such as the Norman Leddy Memorial Gardens and Lake Farm Country Park in the south of the borough.

Council leader Raymond Puddifoot had given a promise that green-belt land in Hillingdon would be safe on his watch: 'I can give a categoric assurance that under this administration we will never see a threat to the green belt.' In August 2012, however, Mr Puddifoot announced plans to build on green-belt (and longtime common land) site Lake Farm in the south of the borough. Dismissing the discontent of residents in the south of the borough, the Conservative majority of the Council's planning committee peremptorily rubber-stamped the plans in March 2013.

Harmondsworth Moor, a park owned by the borough, is administered by British Airways on behalf of the borough. After British Airways planned to create a new headquarters in 1992, the airline agreed to convert a former landfill site into Harmondsworth Moor.

The Grand Union Canal passes through parts of the borough, including Hayes, Uxbridge, Yiewsley and West Drayton. Ruislip Lido was built as a feeder reservoir for the canal, but was eventually disconnected and changed to become a recreational lido. Two Sites of Special Scientific Interest next to the canal, Frays Farm Meadows and Denham Lock Wood, are managed by the London Wildlife Trust.

The borough also operates children's centres, recreational areas for children of under five years of age and their families. The centres include: Barra Hall, Belmore, Cherry Lane, Colham Manor, Cornerstone, Cowley St. Laurence, Harefield, Hillside, McMillan Early Childhood Centre, Nestles Avenue, Oak Farm, and Uxbridge College (Hayes Campus).

The borough owns four theatres: the Beck Theatre in Hayes (which is operated on behalf of the borough by HQ Theatres Limited), the Compass Theatre in Ickenham, the Winston Churchill Theatre and Hall (part of the Manor Farm site) and the Open Air Theatre, Barra Hall Park in Hayes.

Sport and leisure

The Borough has seven Non-League football clubs:

  • A.F.C. Hayes, who play at Farm Park, Hayes.
  • Harefield United F.C., who play at Preston Park, Harefield.
  • Hayes & Yeading United F.C., who currently play their first team games outside the borough at Maidenhead United F.C..
  • Hillingdon Borough F.C. who play at the Middlesex Stadium, Ruislip.
  • Northwood F.C. who play at the Northwood Park Stadium, Northwood.
  • Uxbridge F.C. who play at Honeycroft, West Drayton.
  • Wealdstone F.C. who play at St Georges Stadium, Ruislip.

The borough is also home to Hillingdon Outdoor Activity Centre (HOAC) a water sports and activity centre, which is also home to a number of independently run sports clubs:

Transport

Uxbridge tube station - Ewan-M
Uxbridge tube station
Heathrow T5
London Heathrow Airport is the busiest airport in Europe in terms of passenger numbers and the second busiest in the world in terms of international passenger numbers.

National Rail and London Underground stations in the borough are:

  • Eastcote tube station
  • Hatton Cross tube station
  • Hayes and Harlington railway station
  • Heathrow Central railway station
  • Heathrow Terminals 1, 2, 3 tube station
  • Heathrow Terminal 4 railway station
  • Heathrow Terminal 4 tube station
  • Heathrow Terminal 5 station
  • Hillingdon tube station
  • Ickenham tube station
  • Northwood Hills tube station
  • Northwood tube station
  • Ruislip Gardens tube station
  • Ruislip Manor tube station
  • Ruislip tube station
  • South Ruislip station
  • Uxbridge tube station
  • West Ruislip station
  • West Drayton railway station

In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were: driving a car or van, 34.5% of all residents aged 16–74; underground, metro, light rail, tram, 7.9%; bus, minibus or coach, 7.9%; on foot, 4.6%; train, 2.8%; work mainly at or from home, 2.6%; passenger in a car or van, 2.0%.

Proposals

The council announced in June 2011 that it would be lobbying Transport for London to have the Central line extended from West Ruislip station to Uxbridge station. Such a project would require a business case approved by TfL and the completion of signal upgrade work on the Metropolitan line.

The Royal Air Force station, RAF Northolt, is situated in South Ruislip near the A40 and the tube station. Most early RAF airfields were named after the nearest railway station; in this case Northolt Junction, the original name of South Ruislip station. The station has been redeveloped in recent years to house a number of additional military capabilities besides the RAF operations, and is popular with business people and politicians for private flights.

Town twinning

Hillingdon is twinned with:

Economy

WatersideBAHQLondon
Waterside, the headquarters of British Airways in Harmondsworth

Economic history

The south's former strong connection with industry has diminished since the 1980s to be replaced by a preponderantly residential suburban population; the north has remained a consistently residential suburban area, although with significant swathes of rural land. The borough's residential areas expanded with the extension of the Metropolitan Railway from Harrow on the Hill to Uxbridge in the early 20th century and the gradual establishment of stops along the line, becoming known as "Metro-land".

Contemporary economy

Hillingdon has a large economy by national standards, ranked 14th out of 408 local area districts in Britain, and ranked fifth out of the London boroughs.

British Airways is headquartered in Waterside, Harmondsworth, in Hillingdon. The building officially opened in 1998. Prior to the opening of Waterside, the airline's head office was the Speedbird House at London Heathrow Airport. An office of American Airlines is located at the Orient House (HAA3) within Waterside.

In 2007 Cadbury Schweppes announced it would be moving to Uxbridge from Mayfair to cut costs. The company later split and Cadbury plc moved to its new head office in Cadbury House in the Uxbridge Business Park in June 2008.

Guoman Hotel Management (UK) Limited has its head office in the Thistle London Heathrow in West Drayton.

British Midland International had its training centre in Stockley Close, West Drayton. Hellenic Imperial Airways had its United Kingdom offices in the Axis House in Harlington in the London Borough of Hillingdon. China Airlines had its UK office in the Hyde Park Hayes 3 (HPH3) in Hayes in the borough.

One of the predecessor organisations of British Airways, British Overseas Airways Corporation had its head office in the Speedbird House. The other predecessor, British European Airways had its headquarters in South Ruislip, as did BEA Helicopters. During its existence the airline British Eagle had its head office on the grounds of Heathrow Airport.

A 2017 study by Trust for London and New Policy Institute found that there is a 22% poverty rate in Hillingdon, slightly below the London-wide figure of 27%. It also found that 24% of Hillingdon's local employees are low-paid, narrowly above the London average of 21%.

Education

The borough maintains seventeen libraries: Charville, Eastcote, Harefield, Harlington, Hayes End, Hayes, Ickenham, Manor Farm, Northwood Hills, Northwood, Oak Farm, Ruislip Manor, South Ruislip, Uxbridge, West Drayton, Yeading, and Yiewsley.

Hillingdon has undertaken the largest school expansion programme in London, ensuring that all children within the Borough can go to a school close to where they live.

In May 2011, Hillingdon Council received the Library Innovation of the Year award at the 2011 Bookseller Industry Awards.

Also within the borough is Brunel University and Uxbridge College's Uxbridge and Hayes campuses.

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