Harlington, London facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Church of S. Peter & S. Paul, Harlington & war memorial, late August 2013.jpg
The Grade I Listed parish church is the oldest of the listed buildings in Harlington. The War Memorial was designed by C. O. Scott.
OS grid reference TQ085775
• Charing Cross 13.5 mi (21.7 km) E
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HAYES
Postcode district UB3
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
  • Hayes and Harlington
London Assembly
  • Ealing and Hillingdon
List of places
LondonCoordinates: 51°29′09″N 0°26′11″W / 51.4859°N 0.4364°W / 51.4859; -0.4364

Harlington is a district of the London Borough of Hillingdon, on the northern perimeter of London Heathrow Airport. It is centred 13.6 miles (21.9 km) west of Charing Cross. The district adjoins Hayes to the north and shares a railway station with the larger district, which is its post town, on the Great Western Main Line.

Harlington as seen on Ordnance Survey map sheet 71, 1822-1890, with railway added 1891
Harlington as seen on Ordnance Survey map sheet 71, 1822–1890, with railway added 1891.


The place-name Harlington is recorded in Anglo-Saxon as Hygereding tun: "Hygerǣd's people's farmstead".


Bolingbroke and Ossulston's demolished Dawley House, north-west of the station
Dawley House & barns, Harlington, Middlesex, 1902
Photograph of Dawley House and barns, Harlington, 1902. (Between the Great Western Railway and the canal). This was the remains of the house of Bolingbroke and Ossulston. It can be seen to the east or right of the mansion in the print.
Dawley House, Harlington, Middlesex, 1902
Dawley House, Harlington, c. 1902. This was the remains of the house of Bolingbroke and Ossulston. It can be seen to the east or right of the mansion in the print.
Photograph of Dawley House, Harlington, Middlesex, in the spring of 1902
Photograph of Dawley House, in the spring of 1902.

The earliest surviving mention of Harlington appears to be in a 9th-century charter in which land at Botwell in Hayes was said to be bounded on the west by "Hygeredington" and "Lullinges" tree. The first of these must be Harlington; the second has not been identified. The boundary between Hayes and Harlington, which may thus have been defined by the date of this charter, was later marked by North Hyde Road and Dawley Road, but Dawley Road may not have followed the boundary before the 18th century.

Administrative history

By 1834 the select vestry (informally known simply as the vestry) employed a paid assistant overseer. In 1824 a surgeon for the poor of Cranford and Harlington was appointed by the vestries of both. Their later co-operation saw the establishment of Harlington's National School jointly with in 1848, and its cottage hospital jointly with Cranford and Harmondsworth in 1884.

Dates Entities
c. 1840 Harlington Parish then Civil Parish
1872 Staines Rural Sanitary District
1889 Middlesex County Council
1894 Staines Rural District
1930 Hayes and Harlington Urban District
1965 London Borough of Hillingdon Hillingdon L.B. with Mayor of London, London Assembly and predecessor

In 1924 the civil parish council (CPC) asked Staines Rural District Council (RDC) to light the village street and this was done a year later. The cemetery in Cherry Lane was opened in 1936 by the UDC and the CPC started its first allotments in 1895 but rejected proposals to acquire a recreation ground or parish hall. See the entry for Hayes for the later detailed local history.


The chief task from 1872 for local government was the making of sewers in villages beyond a handful of homes such as this. Sewerage had been discussed in the vestry as long ago as 1864. The increase of population in the 20th century, growing preference for flush toilets and prohibitions on ground water contamination made the need for proper sanitation more urgent. In 1912, for instance, there were said to have been eleven cases of typhoid near the 'White Hart', and there was an outbreak of diphtheria in 1916. During the 1920s the RDC made plans for constructing sewers, and the relative cost of their scheme and of schemes proposed by Hayes Urban District Council largely influenced the parish council's views on local government reorganization. In the end the council seem to have acquiesced peacefully in the amalgamation with Hayes that took place in 1930, only on the grounds that this seemed to provide the best and cheapest chance of sewers being constructed soon. A sewerage scheme for the parish was completed by Hayes and Harlington Urban District Council in 1934.

Present day

Bridge (196) over the Grand Union Canal at Dawley, Harlington, Middlesex, 2014
Bridge (196) over the Grand Union and Junction Canal at Dawley, Harlington, 2014.
Part of a Thomas Kitchin map of Middlesex showing Dawley, Harlington & Hillingdon
Part of a Thomas Kitchin map of Middlesex showing Dawley and Harlington, c. 1770.
Dawley Court, Goulds Green, Middlesex in 1893
Dawley Court, Goulds Green, Middlesex in 1893, when it belonged to W. Fane De Salis. (Just to the west of Corwell Lane).

Harlington Library is towards the north of the village/district. The village contains six public houses: Captain Morgans', The Great Western, The Pheasant, The Red Lion, The Wheatsheaf, and The White Hart. There are two churches, a Baptist church and a Church of England church, St Peter & St Paul's. Schools include Harlington School.

Hellenic Imperial Airways has its United Kingdom offices in Axis House in Harlington. Harlington Locomotive Society on the High Street of the village - operates a trestle railway around the site of an old orchard. Harlington is covered by a community radio station: 91.8 Hayes FM, which is licensed with the national authority.


  • S.S. Peter and Paul, contains, inter alia, sculpture by Edgar Boehm, Richard Cockle Lucas, William Theed and Inigo Thomas, and glass by Charles Eamer Kempe, Arthur Louis Moore and Thomas Willement.
Great Western Railway and part of the former HMV & EMI factory at Harlington, 2014
Great Western Railway and part of the former HMV & EMI factory at Harlington, looking east, 2014.


Central London is 13.6 miles (21.9 km) east. The area is served by Hayes and Harlington railway station, served by trains from London Paddington via Ealing to Reading via West Drayton.

The following bus routes serve Harlington

  • 81 Hounslow Bus Station - Slough
  • 90 Feltham - Northolt
  • 111 Kingston - Heathrow Central
  • 140 Heathrow Central - Harrow Weald
  • 222 Hounslow Bus Station - Uxbridge
  • 285 Kingston- Heathrow Central
  • H98 Hounslow Bus Station- Hayes End

Historic transport

The Grand Junction Canal runs through the Dawley land, east to west: it was constructed c. 1794–1800. In the late 1830s the main line of the Great Western Railway was also built across the former Dawley Park (by then Dawley Wall Farm). However, Hayes & Harlington railway station (just outside the parish) was not opened until 1864. Before then there was a choice of the stations at West Drayton and Southall, or of the daily omnibus and weekly carrier to London.

Former cottage hospital

The Harlington, Harmondsworth and Cranford Cottage Hospital, in Sipson Lane, opened in 1884 and closed in 1977. It is now home to a branch of the Sant Nirankari Satsang Bhawan.

Listed buildings

name type built use and main features
Church of St. Peter & St. Paul (Grade One Listed) Religious 12th century Christian faith centre.
Veysey's Farm Farm late 18th century Mixed agricultural/nature
Shackle's Barn Agricultural early 1800s Scouts headquarters
Barn at Manor Farm Agricultural Restored in the 1970s, used as offices, timber-framed
Small hospital (Sipson Lane) Social 1884 Hindu faith centre.
Dower House (High Street) House 16th century Timber framed building
Harlington Baptist Church Religious 1879 Christian faith centre.

Former listed buildings in the parish

name type built demolished (exact or between dates) use
Dawley Manor Farm House 17th century 1962 M4 motorway and part of St Peter's Way
Shackle's House House early 1800s 1960–70 Pembury Court (street)
Harlington rectory House Victorian 1970 Homes and the new church hall
Old Church Hall Church hall early 1900s 1970 Was in rectory grounds. Houses.
Bletchmore House House 1970–80 Bletchmore Close
Woodlands Farmhouse House 1960–65 178-182 High Street
Poplar House House 18th century 1970–75 Felbridge Court (apartments)

Manor Farm was demolished between 1930 and 1940 and pre-dated the possibility of statutory listing. It is the site of shops in Manor Parade and adjoining residential roads.

Images for kids

Harlington, London Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.