Harlington, London facts for kids
The Grade I Listed parish church is the oldest of the listed buildings in Harlington. The War Memorial was designed by C. O. Scott.
|OS grid reference|
|• Charing Cross||13.5 mi (21.7 km) E|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Harlington is a district of the London Borough of Hillingdon, on the northern perimeter of London Heathrow Airport. It is centred 13.6 miles (21.9 km) west of Charing Cross. The district adjoins Hayes to the north and shares a railway station with the larger district, which is its post town, on the Great Western Main Line.
The place-name Harlington is recorded in Anglo-Saxon as Hygereding tun: "Hygerǣd's people's farmstead".
The earliest surviving mention of Harlington appears to be in a 9th-century charter in which land at Botwell in Hayes was said to be bounded on the west by "Hygeredington" and "Lullinges" tree. The first of these must be Harlington; the second has not been identified. The boundary between Hayes and Harlington, which may thus have been defined by the date of this charter, was later marked by North Hyde Road and Dawley Road, but Dawley Road may not have followed the boundary before the 18th century.
By 1834 the select vestry (informally known simply as the vestry) employed a paid assistant overseer. In 1824 a surgeon for the poor of Cranford and Harlington was appointed by the vestries of both. Their later co-operation saw the establishment of Harlington's National School jointly with in 1848, and its cottage hospital jointly with Cranford and Harmondsworth in 1884.
|c. 1840||Harlington Parish then Civil Parish|
|1872||Staines Rural Sanitary District|
|1889||Middlesex County Council|
|1894||Staines Rural District|
|1930||Hayes and Harlington Urban District|
|1965||London Borough of Hillingdon||Hillingdon L.B. with Mayor of London, London Assembly and predecessor|
In 1924 the civil parish council (CPC) asked Staines Rural District Council (RDC) to light the village street and this was done a year later. The cemetery in Cherry Lane was opened in 1936 by the UDC and the CPC started its first allotments in 1895 but rejected proposals to acquire a recreation ground or parish hall. See the entry for Hayes for the later detailed local history.
The chief task from 1872 for local government was the making of sewers in villages beyond a handful of homes such as this. Sewerage had been discussed in the vestry as long ago as 1864. The increase of population in the 20th century, growing preference for flush toilets and prohibitions on ground water contamination made the need for proper sanitation more urgent. In 1912, for instance, there were said to have been eleven cases of typhoid near the 'White Hart', and there was an outbreak of diphtheria in 1916. During the 1920s the RDC made plans for constructing sewers, and the relative cost of their scheme and of schemes proposed by Hayes Urban District Council largely influenced the parish council's views on local government reorganization. In the end the council seem to have acquiesced peacefully in the amalgamation with Hayes that took place in 1930, only on the grounds that this seemed to provide the best and cheapest chance of sewers being constructed soon. A sewerage scheme for the parish was completed by Hayes and Harlington Urban District Council in 1934.
Harlington Library is towards the north of the village/district. The village contains six public houses: Captain Morgans', The Great Western, The Pheasant, The Red Lion, The Wheatsheaf, and The White Hart. There are two churches, a Baptist church and a Church of England church, St Peter & St Paul's. Schools include Harlington School.
Hellenic Imperial Airways has its United Kingdom offices in Axis House in Harlington. Harlington Locomotive Society on the High Street of the village - operates a trestle railway around the site of an old orchard. Harlington is covered by a community radio station: 91.8 Hayes FM, which is licensed with the national authority.
- S.S. Peter and Paul, contains, inter alia, sculpture by Edgar Boehm, Richard Cockle Lucas, William Theed and Inigo Thomas, and glass by Charles Eamer Kempe, Arthur Louis Moore and Thomas Willement.
The following bus routes serve Harlington
- 81 Hounslow Bus Station - Slough
- 90 Feltham - Northolt
- 111 Kingston - Heathrow Central
- 140 Heathrow Central - Harrow Weald
- 222 Hounslow Bus Station - Uxbridge
- 285 Kingston- Heathrow Central
- H98 Hounslow Bus Station- Hayes End
The Grand Junction Canal runs through the Dawley land, east to west: it was constructed c. 1794–1800. In the late 1830s the main line of the Great Western Railway was also built across the former Dawley Park (by then Dawley Wall Farm). However, Hayes & Harlington railway station (just outside the parish) was not opened until 1864. Before then there was a choice of the stations at West Drayton and Southall, or of the daily omnibus and weekly carrier to London.
Former cottage hospital
The Harlington, Harmondsworth and Cranford Cottage Hospital, in Sipson Lane, opened in 1884 and closed in 1977. It is now home to a branch of the Sant Nirankari Satsang Bhawan.
|name||type||built||use and main features|
|Church of St. Peter & St. Paul (Grade One Listed)||Religious||12th century||Christian faith centre.|
|Veysey's Farm||Farm||late 18th century||Mixed agricultural/nature|
|Shackle's Barn||Agricultural||early 1800s||Scouts headquarters|
|Barn at Manor Farm||Agricultural||Restored in the 1970s, used as offices, timber-framed|
|Small hospital (Sipson Lane)||Social||1884||Hindu faith centre.|
|Dower House (High Street)||House||16th century||Timber framed building|
|Harlington Baptist Church||Religious||1879||Christian faith centre.|
Former listed buildings in the parish
|name||type||built||demolished (exact or between dates)||use|
|Dawley Manor Farm||House||17th century||1962||M4 motorway and part of St Peter's Way|
|Shackle's House||House||early 1800s||1960–70||Pembury Court (street)|
|Harlington rectory||House||Victorian||1970||Homes and the new church hall|
|Old Church Hall||Church hall||early 1900s||1970||Was in rectory grounds. Houses.|
|Bletchmore House||House||1970–80||Bletchmore Close|
|Woodlands Farmhouse||House||1960–65||178-182 High Street|
|Poplar House||House||18th century||1970–75||Felbridge Court (apartments)|
Manor Farm was demolished between 1930 and 1940 and pre-dated the possibility of statutory listing. It is the site of shops in Manor Parade and adjoining residential roads.
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Harlington, London Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.