Harrow, London facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Harrow
Department store, Harrow - geograph.org.uk - 99134.jpg
Station Road, Harrow town centre
Harrow shown within Greater London
Population 80,213 (Greenhill, Headstone South, West Harrow, Headstone North, Roxeth, Marlborough and Harrow on the Hill wards 2011)
Demonym Harrovian
OS grid reference TQ145885
• Charing Cross 11 mi (18 km) ESE
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Harrow
Postcode district HA1, HA2, HA3
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
  • Harrow East
    Harrow West
London Assembly
  • Brent and Harrow
List of places
UK
England
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Harrow /ˈhær/ is a large suburban town in the London Borough of Harrow, northwest London, England. It is centred 10.5 miles (16.9 km) northwest of Charing Cross. Harrow-on-the-Hill includes the conservation area with a high proportion of listed buildings with a residential and institutional array of Georgian architecture and a few 17th century examples. Harrow gives its initial letters to a wider postcode area. The administrative offices of the borough are in the town which currently is made up of the Greenhill, Headstone South and West Harrow electoral wards; these had a population of 33,928 in the 2011 census. Harrow was a municipal borough of Middlesex before its inclusion in Greater London in 1965. Harrow is home to a large Westminster polytechnic campus and its oldest secondary schools are Harrow School and Harrow High School.

Etymology

Harrow's name comes from Old English hearg = "(heathen) temple", which was probably on the hill of Harrow, where St. Mary's Church stands today. The name has been studied in detail by Keith Briggs.

Arts and culture

The first and only contemporary artist-led gallery in Harrow was set up in 2010 by the Usurp Art Collective. The space is called the Usurp Art Gallery & Studios and is based in West Harrow, a bohemian part of Harrow. Usurp Art provides professional support to artists and runs the only public artists studios in the borough. It is a flagship project for Arts Council England.

Development and history

Harrow proper is identified as one of the 11 Metropolitan centres in the London Plan.

Geography

Harrow, St George's Shopping and Leisure - geograph.org.uk - 528187
St George's shopping and leisure centre

Harrow forms a commercial hub in northwest London, including a well-connected town centre containing:

  • two shopping centres
  • Parades of shops throughout Station Road and the ascending, traditional College Road
  • Over 300 m of a fully pedestranised shopping/cafe streets roads (north of St Ann's)

Harrow historically included Harrow on the Hill, which sits on top of an outlying knoll and is contiguous with the centre of Harrow. Much of Kenton and before 1716 all of Pinner were parts of Harrow, geographical facts which root the importance of Harrow as a meeting place and a place of business. Harrow Weald, is the district north of Wealdstone, both of which were historically also part of Harrow. Harrow may also include the wards of Roxeth, Marlborough, Headstone North and Harrow on the Hill as well as the Greenhill, West Harrow and Headstone South wards listed above. The combined population of these wards is 80,213 (2011).

Demography

In the 2011 census, the Greenhill ward (which covers most of the town centre) was 42% white (26% British, 13% Other, 3% Irish), 26% Indian, and 9% Other Asian. The West Harrow ward (covering areas west from the centre) was 44% white (32% British, 8% Other, 4% Irish), 23% Indian, and 12% Other Asian. In addition, Headstone South ward (northwest from centre) was 43% white (31% British, 9% Other, 3% Irish), 24% Indian and 9% Other Asian. Harrow on the Hill ward was 47% white (34% British, 10% Other, 3% Irish), 19% Indian and 12% Other Asian.

Transport

Tube/Trains

Harrow-on-the-Hill stn north entrance
North entrance of Harrow-on-the-Hill tube and rail station, opposite St Ann's shopping centre

Policing in Harrow

Harrow borough is patrolled by the Metropolitan Police Service (the territorial police force in London) 24 hrs a day. The service is provided through South Harrow Police Station and Fountain House, Headstone Drive, Kirkland House, Pinner Police Station, Waitrose, Northolt Road contact points supported by 22 Safer Neighbourhoods teams.

Twin towns

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the United Kingdom

Harrow is twinned with:

  • France Douai, France
Notes
References

Harrow, London Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.