Edwards County, Illinois facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Edwards County, Illinois
Map

Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the USA highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1814
Seat Albion
Largest City Albion
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

223 sq mi (578 km²)
222 sq mi (575 km²)
0.3 sq mi (1 km²), 0.1%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

6,721
30/sq mi (12/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Named for: Ninian Edwards

Edwards County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,721. Its county seat is Albion. It is located in the southern portion known locally as "Little Egypt".

History

Edwards County was named for Ninian Edwards, the governor of the Illinois Territory, and, later, governor of Illinois.

Edwards County is subdivided into "Road Districts", rather than "Townships" as in most Illinois counties. Pursuant to the Land Ordinance of 1785, the Northwest Territory (including Illinois) was surveyed and mostly organized into townships that are six miles square; but Edwards County was settled prior to that survey, and its pre-existing Road Districts do not generally correspond with the survey's townships.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 223 square miles (580 km2), of which 222 square miles (570 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) (0.1%) is water. It is the fourth-smallest county in Illinois by area.

When Edwards County was formed in 1814, it comprised nearly half of the State of Illinois. New counties were formed from it until, in 1824, it assumed its present form from the creation of Wabash County. The two are the fourth and fifth smallest counties in Illinois.

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Albion, Illinois
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.6
 
37
21
 
 
2.7
 
44
25
 
 
4.3
 
55
35
 
 
5.1
 
66
45
 
 
4.6
 
76
55
 
 
4.2
 
86
64
 
 
3.9
 
89
68
 
 
3.4
 
88
66
 
 
2.9
 
81
58
 
 
3.4
 
70
47
 
 
4.3
 
54
36
 
 
3.5
 
42
26
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Albion have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 89 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −20 °F (−29 °C) was recorded in January 1982 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.57 inches (65 mm) in January to 5.13 inches (130 mm) in April.

Major highways

  • Illinois 1.svg Illinois Route 1
  • Illinois 15.svg Illinois Route 15
  • Illinois 130.svg Illinois Route 130

Adjacent counties

Demographics

USA Edwards County, Illinois age pyramid
2000 census age pyramid for Edwards County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,444
1830 1,649 −52.1%
1840 3,070 86.2%
1850 3,524 14.8%
1860 5,454 54.8%
1870 7,565 38.7%
1880 8,597 13.6%
1890 9,444 9.9%
1900 10,345 9.5%
1910 10,049 −2.9%
1920 9,431 −6.1%
1930 8,303 −12.0%
1940 8,974 8.1%
1950 9,056 0.9%
1960 7,940 −12.3%
1970 7,090 −10.7%
1980 7,961 12.3%
1990 7,440 −6.5%
2000 6,971 −6.3%
2010 6,721 −3.6%
Est. 2015 6,534 −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,721 people, 2,840 households, and 1,926 families residing in the county. The population density was 30.2 inhabitants per square mile (11.7/km2). There were 3,187 housing units at an average density of 14.3 per square mile (5.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.0% white, 0.4% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 26.8% were German, 22.4% were English, 13.3% were American, and 8.4% were Irish.

Of the 2,840 households, 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.2% were non-families, and 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 42.7 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,430 and the median income for a family was $51,337. Males had a median income of $40,183 versus $27,295 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,113. About 10.6% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Edwards County, IL
Precincts of Edwards County

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated Communities

Precincts

  • Albion
    • Albion No. 1
    • Albion No. 2
    • Albion No. 3
  • Bone Gap
  • Browns
  • Dixon
  • Ellery
  • French Creek
  • Salem
    • Salem No. 1
    • Salem No. 2
  • Shelby
    • Shelby No. 1
    • Shelby No. 2

Coordinates: 38°25′N 88°04′W / 38.42°N 88.06°W / 38.42; -88.06


Edwards County, Illinois Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.