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Elberton, Georgia
A home along Elberton's Heard Street
A home along Elberton's Heard Street
Official seal of Elberton, Georgia
Granite Capital of the World
Location in Elbert County and the state of Georgia
Location in Elbert County and the state of Georgia
Country United States
State Georgia
County Elbert
 • Total 4.57 sq mi (11.85 km2)
 • Land 4.54 sq mi (11.76 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.09 km2)
702 ft (214 m)
 • Total 4,640
 • Density 1,022.03/sq mi (394.64/km2)
Time zone UTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Code
Area code(s) 706
FIPS code 13-26616
GNIS feature ID 0355658

Elberton is the largest city in Elbert County, Georgia, United States. The population was 4,653 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Elbert County.


Settled in the 1780s, Elbert was designated seat of the newly formed Elbert County in 1790. It was incorporated as a town in 1803 and as a city in 1896. Like Elbert County, Elberton is named for Samuel Elbert.

Elberton is known as the "Granite Capital of the World."


Elberton is located near the center of Elbert County at 34°6′35″N 82°51′56″W / 34.10972°N 82.86556°W / 34.10972; -82.86556 (34.109628, -82.865669). State Routes 17 and 72 pass east-west through the center of town as College Avenue, while 77 crosses north-south on Oliver Street. GA 17 leads northwest 19 miles (31 km) to Royston and southeast 29 miles (47 km) to Washington, GA 72 leads east 15 miles (24 km) to the South Carolina border at Richard B. Russell Lake on the Savannah River and west 35 miles (56 km) to Athens, and GA 77 leads north 18 miles (29 km) to Hartwell and southwest 25 miles (40 km) to Lexington.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Elberton has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.4 km2), of which 4.7 square miles (12.3 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.72%, is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 122
1840 210
1880 927
1890 1,572 69.6%
1900 3,834 143.9%
1910 6,483 69.1%
1920 6,475 −0.1%
1930 4,650 −28.2%
1940 6,188 33.1%
1950 6,772 9.4%
1960 710 −89.5%
1970 6,438 806.8%
1980 5,686 −11.7%
1990 5,682 −0.1%
2000 4,743 −16.5%
2010 4,653 −1.9%
2020 4,640 −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Elberton racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White 2,244 48.36%
African American 1,860 40.09%
Native American 11 0.24%
Asian 57 1.23%
Other/mixed 148 3.19%
Hispanic or Latino 320 6.9%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 4,640 people, 1,754 households, and 997 families residing in the city.

Transportation infrastructure

The Seaboard Airline Depot in Elberton, (Elbert County) Georgia (image 3571)
Elberton Depot


Georgia State Routes 17, 72, 77 and 77 Connector pass through the city. Heard, Oliver, Church, and McIntosh streets are the primary thoroughfares downtown while College Avenue and Elbert Street bypass the downtown area and serve as the major routes through the city.

Interstate 85 exits for Elberton include exits 160 (State Routes 51), 173 (17) and 177 (77), all 31 to 33 miles (50 to 53 km) northwest of Elberton. The city can also be reached from Interstate 20 via two exits - State Route 77 (exit 154), 53 miles (85 km) southwest of the city, and U.S. Route 78/State Route 17 (exit 172), 51 miles (82 km) to the southeast.

State Route 72 connects Elberton with Athens to the west and Greenwood, South Carolina, to the east, while State Route 77 connects to Lexington and Hartwell. State Route 17 stretches from the North Georgia mountains to the coast at Savannah. State Route 368 begins just north of the city and links Elberton to Anderson, South Carolina.

Plans for the proposed Interstate 3 have the highway passing through Elberton.


Elberton and Elbert County are served locally by the Elbert County-Patz Field Airport, located just east of the city on State Route 72.

Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport is located 110 miles (180 km) west of Elberton, while Greenville-Spartanburg International Airport is located 75 miles (121 km) to the northeast.

Regional air transportation is available in the nearby cities of Athens, Georgia, and Anderson, South Carolina.


For many years, Elberton was an important passenger and freight stop on the main line of the Seaboard Air Line Railroad. The line is now operated by CSX Transportation and remains in use for freight transportation. A spur line connects Elberton to a main line of the Norfolk Southern Railway (formerly Southern Railway).

Sister cities

Elberton has a sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI):

  • Japan Mure, Japan (1983)

The program sends and receives high school students and chaperones each year. They stay in Elbert County with host families for 2 weeks. Many long term relationships have formed between the two cities. The thriving program will celebrate its 35th year in 2017.


Elberton ga night elbert theatre
The historic Elbert Theatre


Elberton claims the title "Granite Capital of the World", although there are no statistics that qualify such a claim. The city's post-Civil War history has largely revolved around the industry, following the opening of the first commercial quarry and manufacturing plant by Dr. Nathaniel Long in 1889. As the industry grew in the early 1900s, so did Elberton's importance on the passenger and freight railroad lines, bringing many travelers and businessmen to the city and leading to its heyday.

Several granite monuments, including the Georgia Guidestones, are located in or near Elberton.

Elberton's Granite Bowl seats 20,000 and formerly featured a retired Sanford Stadium (University of Georgia) scoreboard.

The city is home to the Elberton Granite Museum and Exhibit, with a notable exhibit being "Dutchy", a Confederate monument made of granite that was removed from the town square due to its appearance.

Southeastern Power

Since 1950, Elberton has served as the headquarters of the Southeastern Power Administration, a division of the United States Department of Energy. The authority markets power generated by the United States Army Corps of Engineers across the southern United States. The authority recently moved from its downtown headquarters in the former Samuel Elbert Hotel to a new building on Athens Tech Drive on the western end of the city.

Nature's Harmony Farm

Founded in 2008, Nature's Harmony Farm mainly produces poultry, eggs, meats, and farmstead cheese. The farm has received local, national, and international praise, receiving the 2012 gold medal in the Jersey World Cheese Championships in England and the 2014 Grand Champion status in the Flavor of Georgia Competition.


Elbert County School District

The city is served by the Elbert County School District. One learning center, one primary school, one elementary school, one middle school, and one high school are located within the city. The district has 194 full-time teachers and over 3,079 students. The school system is one of the county's largest employers.

Private education

Elberton Christian School was located on Rhodes Drive in the city, but has closed.

Colleges and universities

Athens Technical College operates a full satellite campus on the western end of the city, near the elementary school, middle school, and high school.

Notable people

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Elberton para niños

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