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Elberton, Georgia facts for kids

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Elberton, Georgia
A home along Elberton's Heard Street
A home along Elberton's Heard Street
Official seal of Elberton, Georgia
Granite Capital of the World
Location in Elbert County and the state of Georgia
Location in Elbert County and the state of Georgia
Country United States
State Georgia
County Elbert
 • Total 4.8 sq mi (12.4 km2)
 • Land 4.7 sq mi (12.3 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
1,289 ft (393 m)
 • Total 4,653
 • Density 980/sq mi (378.4/km2)
Time zone UTC-4 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 706
FIPS code 13-26616
GNIS feature ID 0355658

Elberton is the largest city in Elbert County, Georgia, United States. The population was 4,653 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Elbert County, and serves as a hub for industry and small business in Northeast Georgia.


Settled in the 1780s, Elbert was designated seat of the newly formed Elbert County in 1790. It was incorporated as a town in 1803 and as a city in 1896. Like Elbert County, Elberton is named for Samuel Elbert.

Elberton is known as the "Granite Capital of the World."


Elberton is located near the center of Elbert County at 34°6′35″N 82°51′56″W / 34.10972°N 82.86556°W / 34.10972; -82.86556 (34.109628, -82.865669). State Routes 17 and 72 pass east-west through the center of town as College Avenue, while 77 crosses north-south on Oliver Street. GA 17 leads northwest 19 miles (31 km) to Royston and southeast 29 miles (47 km) to Washington, GA 72 leads east 15 miles (24 km) to the South Carolina border at Richard B. Russell Lake on the Savannah River and west 35 miles (56 km) to Athens, and GA 77 leads north 18 miles (29 km) to Hartwell and southwest 25 miles (40 km) to Lexington.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Elberton has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.4 km2), of which 4.7 square miles (12.3 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.72%, is water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 122
1840 210
1880 927
1890 1,572 69.6%
1900 3,834 143.9%
1910 6,483 69.1%
1920 6,475 −0.1%
1930 4,650 −28.2%
1940 6,188 33.1%
1950 6,772 9.4%
1960 7,107 4.9%
1970 6,438 −9.4%
1980 5,686 −11.7%
1990 5,682 −0.1%
2000 4,743 −16.5%
2010 4,653 −1.9%
Est. 2015 4,453 −4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,743 people, 1,985 households, and 1,274 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,183.4 people per square mile (456.7/km²). There were 2,265 housing units at an average density of 565.1 per square mile (218.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.33% White, 37.99% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 1.33% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.21% of the population.

There were 1,985 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 21.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 32.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 82.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,246, and the median income for a family was $31,154. Males had a median income of $29,277 versus $19,470 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,486. About 21.3% of families and 24.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.3% of those under age 18 and 22.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation infrastructure

The Seaboard Airline Depot in Elberton, (Elbert County) Georgia (image 3571)
Elberton Depot


Georgia State Routes 17, 72, 77 and 77 Connector pass through the city. Heard, Oliver, Church, and McIntosh streets are the primary thoroughfares downtown while College Avenue and Elbert Street bypass the downtown area and serve as the major routes through the city.

Interstate 85 exits for Elberton include exits 160 (State Routes 51), 173 (17) and 177 (77), all 31 to 33 miles (50 to 53 km) northwest of Elberton. The city can also be reached from Interstate 20 via two exits - State Route 77 (exit 154), 53 miles (85 km) southwest of the city, and U.S. Route 78/State Route 17 (exit 172), 51 miles (82 km) to the southeast.

State Route 72 connects Elberton with Athens to the west and Greenwood, South Carolina, to the east, while State Route 77 connects to Lexington and Hartwell. State Route 17 stretches from the North Georgia mountains to the coast at Savannah. State Route 368 begins just north of the city and links Elberton to Anderson, South Carolina.

Plans for the proposed Interstate 3 have the highway passing through Elberton.


Elberton and Elbert County are served locally by the Elbert County-Patz Field Airport, located just east of the city on State Route 72.

Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport is located 110 miles (180 km) west of Elberton, while Greenville-Spartanburg International Airport is located 75 miles (121 km) to the northeast.

Regional air transportation is available in the nearby cities of Athens, Georgia, and Anderson, South Carolina.


For many years, Elberton was an important passenger and freight stop on the main line of the Seaboard Air Line Railroad. The line is now operated by CSX Transportation and remains in use for freight transportation. A spur line connects Elberton to a main line of the Norfolk Southern Railway (formerly Southern Railway).

Sister cities

Elberton has a sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI):

  • Japan Mure, Japan (1983)

The program sends and receives high school students and chaperones each year. They stay in Elbert County with host families for 2 weeks. Many long term relationships have formed between the two cities. The thriving program will celebrate its 35th year in 2017.

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