Elbert County, Georgia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Elbert County, Georgia
Map
Map of Georgia highlighting Elbert County
Location in the state of Georgia
Map of the USA highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1790
Seat Elberton
Largest City Elberton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

374 sq mi (969 km²)
351 sq mi (909 km²)
23 sq mi (60 km²), 6.2%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

20,166
57/sq mi (22/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: http://www.elbertco.net/
Named for: Samuel Elbert

Elbert County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,166. The county seat is Elberton. The county was established on December 10, 1790 and was named for Samuel Elbert.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 374 square miles (970 km2), of which 351 square miles (910 km2) is land and 23 square miles (60 km2) (6.2%) is water.

The northern half of Elbert County, north of a line made by following State Route 17 from Bowman southeast to Elberton, and then following State Route 72 east to just before the South Carolina border, and then heading south along the shores of Lake Richard B. Russell & Clarkes Hill to the county's southeastern tip, is located in the Upper Savannah River sub-basin of the larger Savannah River basin. The portion of the county south of this line is located in the Broad River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin.

Major highways

  • Georgia 17.svg State Route 17
  • Georgia 72.svg State Route 72
  • Georgia 77.svg State Route 77
  • Georgia 77 Connector.svg State Route 77 Connector
  • Georgia 79.svg State Route 79
  • Georgia 172.svg State Route 172
  • Georgia 368.svg State Route 368

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 10,094
1810 12,156 20.4%
1820 11,788 −3.0%
1830 12,354 4.8%
1840 11,125 −9.9%
1850 12,959 16.5%
1860 10,433 −19.5%
1870 9,249 −11.3%
1880 12,957 40.1%
1890 15,376 18.7%
1900 19,729 28.3%
1910 24,125 22.3%
1920 23,905 −0.9%
1930 18,485 −22.7%
1940 19,618 6.1%
1950 18,585 −5.3%
1960 17,835 −4.0%
1970 17,262 −3.2%
1980 18,758 8.7%
1990 18,949 1.0%
2000 20,511 8.2%
2010 20,166 −1.7%
Est. 2015 19,364 −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 20,511 people, 8,004 households, and 5,770 families residing in the county. The population density was 56 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 9,136 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 66.94% White, 30.85% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.06% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 2.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,004 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.90% were married couples living together, 15.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 27.20% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,724, and the median income for a family was $34,276. Males had a median income of $27,221 versus $19,737 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,535. About 14.60% of families and 17.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.50% of those under age 18 and 17.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,166 people, 8,063 households, and 5,604 families residing in the county. The population density was 57.4 inhabitants per square mile (22.2/km2). There were 9,583 housing units at an average density of 27.3 per square mile (10.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.9% white, 29.5% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 2.7% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 18.1% were American, 6.0% were Irish, 5.7% were English, and 5.5% were German.

Of the 8,063 households, 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 16.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.5% were non-families, and 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 41.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,543 and the median income for a family was $35,550. Males had a median income of $31,556 versus $25,562 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,100. About 17.0% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.9% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

Civic

Elbert County has many active civic organizations including, but not limited to, the Elbert County Chamber of Commerce, Elbert County Historical Society, Kiwanis Club, Rotary Club, Lions Club, Pilot Club, Elbert Theatre Foundation (part of the Georgia Council for the Arts), NAACP, Boys and Girls Club, Elbert Civic League (part of the Georgia Federation of Women's Clubs), and Habitat for Humanity. Additionally, many local churches have very active missions programs, and many trade organizations, such as the Elbert Granite Association, are active.

Historical and cultural sites

Historical and cultural sites in Elbert County include the Nancy Hart cabin, the Dan Tucker gravesite, the Stephen Heard Cemetery, the Petersburg Township site, Vans Creek Church, the Elbert County Courthouse, the Elberton Seaboard-Airline Depot, the Rock Gym, the Granite Bowl, the Elberton Granite Museum and Exhibit, the Richard B. Russell Dam, the Elbert Theatre, the Georgia Guidestones, Richard B. Russell State Park, and Bobby Brown State Park.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town


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