kids encyclopedia robot

Emperor Sutoku facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Emperor Sutoku2.jpg
Emperor of Japan
Reign February 25, 1123 – January 5, 1142
Coronation March 18, 1123
Predecessor Toba
Successor Konoe
Born July 7, 1119
Died September 14, 1164(1164-09-14) (aged 45)
Burial Shiramine no misasagi (Kagawa)
Spouse Fujiwara no Kiyoko
Issue Prince Shigehito
House Yamato
Father Emperor Toba
Mother Fujiwara no Tamako

Sutoku (崇徳天皇 , Sutoku-tennō, July 7, 1119 – September 14, 1164) was the 75th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He is also called Sanuki-Inn,because he lived in Sanuki (Kagawa) in the later part of his life. Although, officially, he was a child of Toba-Tennno, actually it is said that is not true.

Hogen no Ran

He struggled with Goshirakawa-Tenno (his brother) for political leadership. This political battle is called Hogen no Ran. He was defeated and was banished to Sanuki.


After Sotoku's abdication and exile, he devoted himself to a monastic life. He copied numerous scriptures and offered them to the court. Fearing that the scriptures were cursed, the court refused to accept them. Snubbed, Sotoku was said to have resented the court and, upon his death, became an onryō. Everything from the fall in fortune of the Imperial court, the rise of the samurai powers, droughts and internal unrests were blamed on his haunting.

Other legends say he changed into an Ootengu (greater tengu). Along with nurarihyon, the nine-tailed kitsune Tamamo-no-Mae and the oni Shuten-dōji, they are often called the four greatest yōkai of Japan.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Emperor Sutoku Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.