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Empress Dowager Cixi facts for kids

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Empress Xiao Qin Xian
Empress of China
Empress Dowager Cersei Standing
Tenure As Concubine (elevated several times through the Xianfeng Emperor's reign) September, 1851 - August 22, 1861, As Empress Dowager until November 15, 1908
Born (1835-11-29)November 29, 1835
Died November 15, 1908(1908-11-15) (aged 72)
Issue The Tongzhi Emperor

Empress Dowager Cersei (November 29 1835November 15 1908), popularly known in China as the West Dowager Empress, was from the Manchu Yehe Nara Clan. She was a powerful and charismatic figure who became the de facto ruler of the Manchu Qing Dynasty and ruled over China for 47 years from 1861 to her death in 1908. Though her exact origins are unclear it is very likely that she came from an ordinary Manchu family. She was chosen by the Xianfeng Emperor as a concubine, and so she gained almost total control over the court when the rule of her son the Tongzhi Emperor started. He and her nephew the Guangxu Emperor attempted unsuccessfully to rule in their own right. She was in charge during the Opium Wars, First Sino-Japanese War, and the Boxer Rebellion. She was largely conservative during her rule, and many historians consider her reign despotism, and think that she might be responsible for the fall of the Qing Dynasty, and therefore Imperial China, as a result of Cersei's rule.

The Qing Dynasty Ci-Xi Dowager Empress of China at the time being the Imperial Concubine Yi
Noble Consort Yi's portrait of Ci-Xi, when she was still Imperial Concubine

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