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Enderlin, North Dakota
Downtown Enderlin: post office, history center, city hall
Downtown Enderlin: post office, history center, city hall
Location of Enderlin, North Dakota
Location of Enderlin, North Dakota
Country United States
State North Dakota
Counties Ransom, Cass
Area
 • Total 1.63 sq mi (4.22 km2)
 • Land 1.63 sq mi (4.22 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
1,086 ft (331 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 886
 • Estimate 
(2019)
838
 • Density 513.80/sq mi (198.42/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
58027
Area code(s) 701
FIPS code 38-24260
GNIS feature ID 1036347

Enderlin is a city in Cass and Ransom counties in the State of North Dakota. The population was 886 at the 2010 census.

History

Enderlin was founded in 1891.

Local folklore suggests the name is derived from the semi-German "End der Line" ("end of the line"), as the city was briefly the terminus of the Soo Line Railroad's main line through North Dakota. Another explanation is that the name was suggested by the wife of a Soo Line official and comes from a fictional character in a book.

Geography

Enderlin is located at 46°37′21″N 97°36′0″W / 46.62250°N 97.60000°W / 46.62250; -97.60000 (46.622365, -97.600125), along the Maple River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.44 square miles (3.73 km2), all of it land.

Climate

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Enderlin has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 636
1910 1,540 142.1%
1920 1,919 24.6%
1930 1,839 −4.2%
1940 1,593 −13.4%
1950 1,504 −5.6%
1960 1,596 6.1%
1970 1,343 −15.9%
1980 1,151 −14.3%
1990 997 −13.4%
2000 947 −5.0%
2010 886 −6.4%
2019 (est.) 838 −5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
2018 Estimate

2010 census

At the 2010 census there were 886 people, 386 households, and 225 families living in the city. The population density was 615.3 inhabitants per square mile (237.6/km2). There were 454 housing units at an average density of 315.3 per square mile (121.7/km2). The racial makup of the city was 98.6% White, 0.2% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.1% Asian, and 0.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4%.

Of the 386 households 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.7% were non-families. 38.3% of households were one person and 19.4% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.81.

The median age was 48.5 years. 21.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.8% were from 25 to 44; 29.4% were from 45 to 64; and 25.2% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

Places of worship

  • First Lutheran Church – ECLA Congregation
  • Trinity Lutheran Church – founded in 1884 by German immigrants, and after 1941 all services were in English.
  • St. Patrick Catholic Church – only Roman Catholic church in Enderlin

Economy

Railway shipping remains an important part of the local economy, with the Soo Line, now a subsidiary of the Canadian Pacific Railway, continuing to operate a yard in the city. Another important part of the local economy is an ADM edible oil processing plant located just southeast of town.

Notable people

  • Kenneth O. Bjork, educator and historian
  • T. Keith Glennan, space agency director
  • John Wall, North Dakota educator and politician
  • Cy_Pieh, professional baseball player
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