Ernst Chain facts for kids
Sir Ernst Boris Chain
Ernst Boris Chain (1945)
19 June 1906|
|Died||12 August 1979
|Citizenship||German (until 1939)
British (from 1939)
|Alma mater||Friedrich Wilhelm University|
|Known for||The development of Penicillin|
|Spouse(s)||Anne Beloff-Chain (m. 1948–1979, his death)|
|Children||Benjamin and Danny|
|Awards||Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1945)
Fellow of the Royal Society (1948)
|Institutions||Imperial College London
University of Cambridge
University of Oxford
Istituto Superiore di Sanità
He shared the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, with Alexander Fleming and Howard Florey, for the discovery of penicillin and how it could cure bacterial infections. Later he worked on the chemical structure of penicillin and other natural antibiotics.
He won many awards: he was made a Commander of the Légion d'Honneur and awarded the Grande Ufficiale al Merito della Repubblica Italiana.
Life and career
Chain was born in Berlin, the son of Margarete (née Eisner) and Michael Chain, who was a chemist and industrialist dealing in chemical products. His family was Jewish. His father emigrated from Russia to study chemistry abroad and his mother was from Berlin. In 1930, he received his degree in chemistry from Friedrich Wilhelm University. He left Nazi Germany and worked at universities and laboratories in England.
Images for kids
Dr Ernst Chain undertakes an experiment in his laboratory at the School of Pathology at Oxford University in 1944
Ernst Chain Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.