Dorothy Hodgkin facts for kids
Quick facts for kids
Dorothy Mary Crowfoot
12 May 1910
|Died||29 July 1994
Ilmington, Warwickshire, England
|Education||Sir John Leman Grammar School|
Thomas Lionel Hodgkin (m. 1937)
|Children||Luke, Elizabeth, and Toby|
|Thesis||X-ray crystallography and the chemistry of the sterols (1937)|
|Doctoral advisor||John Desmond Bernal|
|Other notable students||
Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin OM FRS (12 May 1910 – 29 July 1994), was a British chemist, credited with the development of protein crystallography. Hodgkin received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1964.
Hodgkin was born in Cairo, Egypt. She and her sisters were sent to live in England when World War l started. She spent the rest of her life there. Her mother was an expert on nature and Ancient Egyptian Textiles. Hodgkin’s father was a British archeologist and scholar.
She studied crystals and became a teacher Somerville College at University of Oxford. In 1969, Hodgkin was able to use computer technology discover the structure of Insulin. Insulin is a protein in the body that is used to treat diabetes.
In 1969, after 35 years of work and five years after winning the Nobel Prize, Hodgkin was able to find the structure of insulin.
X-ray crystallography became a widely used tool and helped to find structures of many biological molecules such as DNA. The structure of molecules helps us understand how they work.
She was Chancellor of Bristol University from 1970 to 1988, and President of Pugwash from 1976 to 1988. Pugwash is an organization which holds conferences on Science and World Affairs.
Her best-known student was Margaret Thatcher, who consulted her when she (Thatcher) was in office.
Order of Merit
The Order of Merit display at the Royal Society (see infobox) mentions two interesting facts:
- She was the first woman to join the Order since Florence Nightingale
- She filled the vacancy left by Winston Churchill (the Order of Merit is restricted to 24 people at any one time
Images for kids
Model of the structure of penicillin, by Hodgkin, Oxford, c. 1945
Dorothy Hodgkin Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.