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Rosalind Elsie Franklin
Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958).jpg
Born
Rosalind Elsie Franklin

(1920-07-25)25 July 1920
Notting Hill, London, England, UK
Died 16 April 1958(1958-04-16) (aged 37)
Chelsea, London, England, UK
Resting place Willesden United Synagogue Cemetery
51°32′41″N 0°14′24″W / 51.5447°N 0.2399°W / 51.5447; -0.2399
Nationality English
Education St Paul's Girls' School
Alma mater University of Cambridge (PhD)
Known for
  • Structure of DNA
  • Fine structure of coal and graphite
  • Virus structures
Scientific career
Fields
Institutions
  • British Coal Utilisation Research Association
  • Laboratoire Central des Services Chimiques de l'État
  • Birkbeck, University of London
  • King's College London
Thesis The physical chemistry of solid organic colloids with special reference to coal (1945)
Doctoral students John Finch and Kenneth Holmes

Rosalind Franklin (Notting Hill, London, 25 July 1920 – London, 16 April 1958) was a British biophysicist, known for her contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA. She also worked on coal, studies of RNA, and viruses. She was one of the first people to do X-ray crystallography on DNA. The work of Franklin and the graduate student Raymond Gosling were used by Watson and Crick in their effort to discover the structure of DNA.

Franklin died from ovarian cancer in 1958. Nobel Prizes are not awarded after a person's death, so she was not considered for the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. It was awarded to Francis Crick, James D. Watson and Maurice Wilkins.

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