European Space Agency facts for kids
Danish: Den Europæiske Rumfartsorganisation
German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation
Estonian: Euroopa Kosmoseagentuur
French: Agence spatiale européenne
Finnish: Euroopan avaruusjärjestö
Greek: Ευρωπαϊκός Οργανισμός Διαστήματος
Hungarian: Európai Űrügynökség
Irish: Gníomhaireacht Spáis na hEorpa
Italian: Agenzia Spaziale Europea
Luxembourgish: Europäesch Weltraumorganisatioun
Dutch: Europese Ruimtevaartorganisatie
Norwegian: Den europeiske romfartsorganisasjon
Nynorsk: Den europeiske romfartsorganisasjonen
Polish: Europejska Agencja Kosmiczna
Portuguese: Agência Espacial Europeia
Romanian: Agenția Spațială Europeană
Romansh: Agenzia spaziala europeica
Spanish: Agencia Espacial Europea
Swedish: Europeiska rymdorganisationen
ESA Headquarters in Paris, France
|Established||30 May 1975|
|Headquarters||Paris, Île-de-France, France|
|Primary spaceport||Guiana Space Centre|
|Budget|| €5.72 billion
(~US$6.43 billion) (2019)
|Official language(s)||English, French and German|
European Space Agency or ESA (ESA; French: Agence spatiale européenne, ASE) is an international organisation with 22 member countries. Its job is to explore space.
Its headquarters are in Paris, France. ESA has a staff of more than 2,000 with an annual budget of about €4.43 billion / US$5.51 billion (2015).
The member countries of ESA are Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
ESA's space flight programme includes
- human spaceflight,
- the launch and operations of unmanned exploration missions to other planets and the Moon,
- Earth observation.
- running a major spaceport, the Guiana Space Centre at Kourou, French Guiana,
- designing launch vehicles.
The main European launch vehicle Ariane 5 is operated through Arianespace with ESA sharing in the costs of launching and further developing this launch vehicle.
Images for kids
ESTEC buildings in Noordwijk, Netherlands. ESTEC was the main technical centre of ESRO and remains so for the successor organisation (ESA).
Ulf Merbold became the first ESA astronaut to fly into space.
ISS module Columbus at Kennedy Space Center's Space Station Processing Facility
ESA Mission Control at ESOC in Darmstadt, Germany
|Mary the Jewess|